Telenești District

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Telenești District
Raionul Telenești
District (Raion)
Telenesti Map.svg
Country  Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședință)

Telenești
Government
 • Type Raion Council
 • Raion President Boris Burcă (PLDM), since 2007
Area
 • Total 849 km2 (328 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 73,900
 • Density 87.0/km2 (225/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 258
Area code(s) +373 58
Car plates TL
Website www.telenesti.md

Telenești is a district (Moldovan: raion) in central Moldova, with the administrative center at Telenești.

History[edit]

Localities with the oldest documentary attestation of the district are: Banești, Peciste and Telenești they are certified in 1437. At first settlements were many landowners. They had the right to sell the estate, in parts or entirely. In the 16th and 17th centuries, continued economic development of the region (trade, agriculture, winery) and a significant increase in population. In 1812, after the Treaty of Bucharest, Basarabia is occupied by Russian Empire in this period (1812–1917), there is an intense process of russification of the native population. In 1918, as a result of the Great Union in areas between the Prut and Nistru were made administrative reforms, agrarian. Telenești becomes the center of the net in Orhei County. In place Telenești between 45 villages. The center opened institutions net of county importance, opened a court was held a post office, telegraph, telephone. Basarabia land reform was carried out by a control system called "Our House" as it was expropriated and Helen Gore estate. Romanian land reform (as opposed to the Bolshevik) provide monetary reward. After the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is again busy this time of the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part of the Orhei County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

Telenești district is located in central part of the Republic of Moldova. Does neighborhood in north Soldanesti and Florești districts, in northeast Rezina District, in southeast Orhei District, Calarași and Ungheni districts in south and northwest Singerei District. The landscape is broken by an intense process of sliding. In northwestern of district stretching branches of Plateau of Nistru and the south Central Moldavian Plateau. District basement contains deposits of limestone, stone in places Căzănești, Ordășei, Pistruieni and sand for construction to Verejeni, Telenești.

Climate[edit]

District climate is temperate continental. July average temperature 21 c, for January -4 c. Annual precipitation 500–600 mm. Average wind speed 2–5 m \ s.

Fauna[edit]

Rich and varied fauna in the past, is represented by red deer, wild boar, deer, foxes, wolves, badgers, rabbits. Of birds: jay, doves, starlings, stork, gulls, herons, hawk, owl and others.

Flora[edit]

Flora rich feature Moldovian Codri of trees: oak, beech, lime, ash, maple, acacia, nuts and others. Plant: knotweed, clover, wormwood, denial, bellflower and others.

Rivers[edit]

District is located in the Nistru river basin. The main river crossing district is Raut (286 km), with its tributaries Ciuluicul Mare and Ciuluc de Mijloc. Most lakes are artificial. The largest lake is Lake Verejeni built on Ciuluicul Mare.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

  • Localities: 54

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1959 61,794 —    
1970 76,349 +23.6%
1979 74,987 −1.8%
1989 74,417 −0.8%
2004 70,126 −5.8%

1 January 2012 the district population was 73,900 of which 11.0% urban and 89.0% rural population.

  • Births (2010): 858 (11.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 998 (13.4 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): -140 (-1.9 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 68,571 97.78%
Ukrainians 879 1.25%
Russians 537 0.77%
Others 139 0.20%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

The total number of businesses that makes up 25,604 active agents (of which 24 151 farms). 62 970 ha agricultural land (74.1%). Perennial plantations occupy 5800 ha (6.8%), including 2.900 ha of vineyards (3.4%); orchards 2.040 ha (2.4%). Main crops: cereals (wheat, oats), corn, sunflower, canola, grape, in orchards: apple, peach, plum and more.

Education[edit]

For the 2010-2011 school year the district education network consists of units: 34 preschools are employed - 2530 children, 25 secondary schools and secondary schools where they study - 8121 students, seven high schools - 808 pupils, a school hospitalized children with disabilities (Telenesti) - 119 children a school - boarding school for orphans (Căzăneşti) with - 85 children and a vocational school with 163 students.

Politics[edit]

A large majority of district support right-wing parties. PCRM has never achieved victory in the district, in the last three elections is in a constant fall. AEI has a good support in the district.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 72.0%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 71.73% 23,104 22.41% 7,248
July 2009 63.48% 19,148 31.94% 9,636
April 2009 43.91% 13,427 42.03% 12,852

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Rezina District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 15,894 49.13 +23.04
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 7,248 22.41 −9.53
Democratic Party of Moldova 4,684 14,48 +1.84
Liberal Party 2,514 7.77 −4.01
European Action Movement 610 1.89 +1.89
Other Party 1,407 4.32 +1.99
Total (turnout 61.78%) 32,588 100.00


Culture[edit]

Cultural sector of the district is represented by the activity: 44 cultural centers, 47 libraries, school district music with branches in the district, a school of fine arts - with 150 children, 4 museums.

Health[edit]

Working in district: District hospital, centers of family doctors, a unit of health centers - 5 units, 33 offices of family doctors, pharmacies (hospital) - 1 unit and branches - 31 units, pharmacies and private extra - 10 units.

Personalities[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°35′N 28°30′E / 47.583°N 28.500°E / 47.583; 28.500