|— town —|
|Elevation||248 m (814 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||0R 11|
Rairangpur is a town and a notified area committee in Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is situated at about 85 kilometres from district headquarters of Baripada and about 80 km away from Jamshedpur.
The Khadkhai (Sulaipat) Dam is a local attraction nearby and Shimilipal Sanctuary is in the approachable distance attracting many foreign tourists.
This is a notable mining area of Odisha. Gorumahisani, Badampahad, Sulaipahad are rich of iron ore mines.
Rairangpur is located at  It has an average elevation of 248 m (814 ft)..
According to the 2001 Indian census, Rairangpur had a population of 21,682. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Rairangpur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. In Rairangpur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Rairangpur acts as a liaison centre between Jamshedpur (Tatanagar) in Jharkhand, Durgapur in West Bengal and the Iron Ore Mines in Gorumahisani, Badampahar and Suleipat. The steel factories of Tata and the surrounding area rely partly on the iron ores extracted from these mines. In addition to freight trains there is also a passenger train from Jamshedpur to Badampahar via Rairangpur.
Rairangpur is surrounded by hills which are rich in iron ore mineral. The first iron ore mines of Asia were in Gorumahisani, Suleipat and Badampahar (mother mines of Tata Steel) and are located here. The first ever trial for setting up of a Ferro Vanadium Plant was made by Mayurbhanj Maharaja during pre-independence days. Currently, thousands of tonnes of iron ore are exported out of the state on daily basis.
The majority of the population is dependent on the paddy harvesting (farming) as their either main source or as an alternate source of income. The direct and indirect dependency of the economy of this tiny place is largely influenced by the paddy harvesting. The same is agina largely dependent on the annual rain fall during May–September. The Kharakhai (suleipat) dam and Bankbad dam irrigate some of the cultivating lands and helps for the khariff harvesting.
Rairangpur has the oldest and the largest Sal Oil Extraction Plant which is closed. Sal seed is locally collected from the forest. The area suffers due to less attention in the political environment with few resources and funds allocated to it from government or private sources.
There is one industrial estate and some industries are operating in this area. Due to the locational advantage, with good connectivity to Jamshedpur, Durgapur, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Rourkela, Keonjhar, Baripada by road and rail. Ample amount of natural resources, good and hard working people, least effected due to any kind of natural calamities which the coastal part of Odisha used to suffer and less turbulent political environment leads to great potential of industrialisation which can be exploited through systematic approach with a greater participation by large corporates and local bodies.
Rairangpur is on the Tatanagar-Badampahar branch line.
"Makar Mela" is the most popular festival in which most of the village make "Tusu". Sporting events, including cockfights, are held during this festival. Nowpada, a village approximately 4 km from Gorumohisani, is mostly popular for this "Tusu Mela".
Other festivals include Rath Yatra which commemorates the day Lord Jagnnath along with his brother Lord Baaladev and sister Subhadra come to their "Mausibadi" (Aunt's place) and Ganesh Puja where it is customary to make "Madho". Lakshmi Puja and Durgapuja are also some of the famous festival in Rairangpur.
"Chhau" of this BabanGhati Subdivision is famous all over the world. "Jhumar" is the local tribal song of this area.
The Famous Maa Kichakeswari Temple is situated nearly 12 km from Rairangpur at Bhalda.
Rairangpur has all the required facilities of education. The place is rapidly growing in the educational infrastructure.
Among its educational institutes are
1.Sunshine English Medium School 2.Saraswati Public School
3.Little Flower Public School
4.Saraswati Shisu Mandir
5.Richad Mission School
6.Kerala Public School (English Medium, ICSE)
7.Govt. Boys High School
8.Govt. Girls High School
9.Raghu Nath Jiu High School
Places of interest 
2.Suleipat dam (Khadakhai Dam)
3.Brundavan Garden(Now closed for public)
6.Purunia Shivsambhu Temple
7.Raghu Nath Jiu Math Anladuba
Current MLA from Rairangpur Assembly Constituency is Shyam Charan Hansdah of Indian National Congress (INC), who won the seat in State elections in 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat were Mrs Draupadi Murmu of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Laxman Majhi of INC in 1995, Chaitanya Prasad Majhi Janata Dal (JD) in 1990, Bhabendra Nath Majhi of INC in 1985, Sidhalal Murmu of INC(I) in 1980, and Arjun Majhi of JNP in 1977.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rairangpur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 4-Rairangpur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
- "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2005-11-08. Retrieved 2008-09-17.