Raisen district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Raisen.
Raisen district
रायसेन जिला
District of Madhya Pradesh
Location of Raisen district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Raisen district in Madhya Pradesh
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
Administrative division Bhopal
Headquarters Raisen
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Hoshangabad
Area
 • Total 8,395 km2 (3,241 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,331,699
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 74.26 per cent
 • Sex ratio 899
Website Official website

Raisen District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of India. The town of Raisen is the district headquarters. The district is part of Bhopal Division.

Etymology[edit]

Raisen District takes its name from massive fort. This fort is built on a sandstone hill, at the foot of which settles the town. The name is probably a corruption of Rajavasini or Rajasayan, the royal residence.

Geography[edit]

Raisen district is situated between the latitude 22 47' and 23 33' north and the longitude 7721' and 78 49' east. Sehore district lies in west, Vidisha district in the north, Sagar district in the east and south-east, Narsimhapur district in the south-east, Hoshangabad and Sehore districts in the south. It covers an area of 8,395 square kilometres (3,241 sq mi).[1]

Raisen district has eight tehsils – Raisen, Goharganj, Begamganj, Gairatganj, Silwani, Bareli, Udaipura and Badi.[1]

History[edit]

Raisen district came into existence on 5 May 1950.[1] Raisen district was once part of the princely state of Bhopal.[2]

The Buddhist monuments at Sanchi, a UNESCO world heritage site, are located in Raisen district.[3]Bhimbetka rock shelters, another UNESCO world heritage site, are also located in Raisen district. [4]

Demographics[edit]

Young girls in the Raisen district

According to the 2011 census Raisen District has a population of 1,331,699,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[6] or the US state of Maine.[7] This gives it a ranking of 365th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 157 inhabitants per square kilometre (410 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.36%.[5] Raisen has a sex ratio of 899 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 74.26%.[5]

Tourism[edit]

Raisen District has many tourism places like Sanchi:- World heritage, 46 km from Bhopal and 8 km from Vidisha, Bhojpur:- The Bjojpur temple houses the largest Shiva lingam in India, which is 5.5 m (18 ft) tall and 2.3 m (7.5 ft) in circumference and is crafted out a single rock.

Transportation[edit]

Raisen is 45 km from Bhopal, Its connected to Bhopal via NH-86. NH-12 also passes thru the District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Raisen". Raisen district administration. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  2. ^ "Raisen". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  3. ^ "An Historical and Artistic Description of Sanchi (1918)". Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  4. ^ "Rock Shelters of bhimbhetka". UNESCO. Retrieved 2010-08-14. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Mauritius 1,303,717 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Maine 1,328,361" 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°19′N 77°47′E / 23.317°N 77.783°E / 23.317; 77.783