Raisin Bombers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Douglas C-54 Skymaster dropping candy during Berlin Airlift, c. 1948/49

Raisin Bombers (German: Rosinenbomber) or (in English) "Candy Bombers" were colloquial terms Berliners gave to the Western Allied (American and British) transport aircraft which brought in supplies by airlift to West Berlin during the Soviet Berlin Blockade in 1948/1949.

History[edit]

Berlin children playing airlift game, c. 1948/49

The name came from the fact that some pilots started voluntarily to throw sweets and candy (and, presumably, also raisins) on little tinkered parachutes out of the window to children lined up on the edges of the West Berlin airfields watching the planes. These actions were first attributed to American pilot Gail Halvorsen, nicknamed "Uncle Wiggly Wings", who began to drop chocolate bars he had attached on handkerchiefs while approaching Tempelhof Airport. Upon comprehensive coverage in the media, drops were ordered expanded by Lt. General William H. Tunner as "Operation Little Vittles".

As this gesture became well known, it enjoyed considerable support with the US public. Halvorsen and his comrades received large support in form of more and more donations of candy from the confectionery industry while civilian volunteers made the parachutes for the delivery. These actions contributed greatly to the development of post war German-American relations.

Gail Halvorsen in a Douglas C-47 Skytrain does a “Candy Drop” over Tempelhof Airport in honour of the 60th anniversary of the end of the Berlin Blockade, 2009

Today the name Rosinenbomber is commonly applied to several historic types of military aircraft presumably involved in the Berlin Airlift, foremost the four-engined Douglas C-54 Skymaster and the Douglas C-47 Skytrain. A sightseeing C-47 was badly damaged in a crash landing on Schönefeld Airport in 2010 (injuring seven passengers) and is currently being restored. Another C-47 is on display at the German Museum of Technology. A British Handley Page Hastings aircraft is on exhibition at the Berlin Allied Museum.

References[edit]

  • Cherny, Andrei. Candy Bombers: The Untold Story of the Berlin Airlift and America's Finest Hour (2008)
  • Huschke, Wolfgang J., The Candy Bombers. The Berlin Airlift 1948/49. Berlin: Metropol, 1999. ISBN 3-932482-19-0

See also[edit]

External links[edit]