Raisio

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This article is about the town in Finland. For the company, see Raisio Group.
Raisio
Town
Raision kaupunki
Market place in Raisio
Market place in Raisio
Coat of arms of Raisio
Coat of arms
Location of Raisio in Finland
Location of Raisio in Finland
Coordinates: 60°29′N 022°10′E / 60.483°N 22.167°E / 60.483; 22.167Coordinates: 60°29′N 022°10′E / 60.483°N 22.167°E / 60.483; 22.167
Country Finland
Region Finland Proper
Sub-region Turku sub-region
First records 1292
City rights 1974
Government
 • Town manager Ari Korhonen
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 50.06 km2 (19.33 sq mi)
 • Land 48.76 km2 (18.83 sq mi)
 • Water 1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Area rank 332nd largest in Finland
Population (2014-09-30)[2]
 • Total 24,381
 • Rank 42nd largest in Finland
 • Density 500.02/km2 (1,295.0/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 94.8% (official)
 • Swedish 1.3%
 • Others 3.9%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 17.3%
 • 15 to 64 66.6%
 • 65 or older 16.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 17.5%
Website www.raisio.fi

Raisio (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈrɑisio]; Swedish: Reso) is a town and municipality in south-western Finland and an important junction of major roads. The town has a population of 24,381 (30 September 2014)[2] and is located in the region of Finland Proper, neighbouring the region's capital, Turku. The town's land area is 48.76 km2 (18.83 sq mi),[1] and has about 5 kilometres (3 mi) of coastline to the Bay of Raisio on its southern tip.

History[edit]

The oldest known written records relating to Raisio are from the year 1292, and there is strong evidence of Iron Age settlement in the area, but Raisio did not become a city until 1974. Until the late 20th century, this was an agricultural area. The success of the Raisio Group transformed it into an industrial centre, and triggered a huge increase in population – during the 20th century the population of Raisio grew elevenfold.

Name[edit]

The name Raisio was originally given to its river, Raisionjoki. The earliest form of the river's name is Raisajoki, meaning "marsh/bog river", and etymological evidence of this can be seen in the Estonian word raisnik, meaning "peatland meadow". Another theory behind the etymology of the name Raisio is that it comes from the word raiskio, meaning a forest that's been damaged by poor foresting, because the Raisio landscape was changed due to sloughs and post-glacial rebound after the Ice Age.[6]

Politics[edit]

Results of the Finnish parliamentary election, 2011 in Raisio:

Economy[edit]

The town's location on good traffic connections and near the region's capital has contributed greatly to its growth. Its main industries are services, foodstuffs and chemical manufacturing. The largest employer in the town is the Raisio Group, a manufacturer of foodstuffs, animal feed and health products.

Raisio is also home to the Mylly shopping centre, one of the largest in Scandinavia.

The town also has the third IKEA of Finland

The biggest employers in Raisio:

Company
Workers
Raisio City
1,294
Shopping center Mylly
1,000
Raisio Group
630
Deltamarin Oy
255
DNA Oy
230
Kaukora Oy
175
Multilift Oy
170
Turun Pelti ja Eristys Oy
over 100
Konepaja Häkkinen Oy
85
Orsap Oy
80
Veho Oy
68 (+23)
Korhonen P O Oy
70
Trafomic Oy
70
Sähkö-Insto
60

Points of interest[edit]

The town of Raisio has many cultural venues, such as the Friisilä handicrafts center, which offers the visitor a glimpse at traditional Finnish arts and crafts. The cultural center Harkko in the town center comprises an arts museum, an archaeological museum and a theatre. The city library and swimming center Ulpukka are also worth mentioning. In Raisio is also Finland's biggest middle school which is called "Vaisaaren yläkoulu".

Sister cities[edit]

Raisio is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.09.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.raisio.fi/asp/system/empty.asp?P=1083&VID=default&SID=295929519412289&S=1&C=23822

External links[edit]