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Anwar was appointed as an adviser on Students and Labour in Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's government (1974–1977). He escaped to Afghanistan after Bhutto was toppled by a right-wing military coup led by Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.
In Kabul, Anwar joined Bhutto's elder son, Murtaza Bhutto, and formed Al-Zulfiqar, a leftist insurgency committed to toppling the Zia dictatorship. Raja Anwar had a falling with Murtaza over the latter's controversial terror tactics in 1980 and wanted to return to Pakistan and help Murtaza's sister, Benazir Bhutto's political struggle against Zia. Anwar was imprisoned in a Kabul jail, the Pul-e-Charkhi, but was released in 1985 after Murtaza shifted his operations to Syria.
He came to attention for his book Jhootay Roop Ke Darshan, which is based on his love letters to his secret girlfriend KANWAL(The daughter of a high rank retired army officer), and her replies, during their tenure at Punjab University from 1970 to 1972.
As a Book Writer
Raja Anwar has written a book about the Mir Murtaza Bhutto and Al-Zulifqar organization, titled Terrorist Prince. In that book, Raja Anwar has recorded many events and accidents for which Raja Anwar himself is not an eye-witness. For example: he has written that "In 1983, former President of Pakistan Zia-ul-Haq paid a visit at Shrine of Sufi Saint Nizamuddin Aulia Chishti in Delhi; where Salamullah Tipu took photographs of President Zia-ul-Haq and I have seen that photos." While the truth is that in 1983, Zia-ul-Haq did not pay a visit at the shrine. So events and accidents that are written by Raja Anwar in that books can not be trusted. Recently, a former member of Al-Zulifqar, Mohammad Agha Waseem has given response to Raja Anwar's lies on Facebook and YouTube in Urdu Audios. These are very detailed, very informative and worth hearing audios.
- "Second opinion: Ends of violence and violent ends --Khaled Ahmed’s Urdu Press Review". Daily Times (Pakistan). 14 November 2003. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
2. "The state criminalised student politics"(Raja Anwar interview) http://jang.com.pk/thenews/apr2008-weekly/nos-27-04-2008/dia.htm#4