Rajasthan Atomic Power Station

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Rajasthan Atomic Power Station
Rajasthan Atomic Power Station is located in India
Rajasthan Atomic Power Station
Location of Rajasthan Atomic Power Station
Country India
Coordinates 24°52′20″N 75°36′50″E / 24.87222°N 75.61389°E / 24.87222; 75.61389Coordinates: 24°52′20″N 75°36′50″E / 24.87222°N 75.61389°E / 24.87222; 75.61389
Construction began 1963
Commission date 16 December 1973
Operator(s) Nuclear Power Corporation of India LTD.
Power generation
Units operational 1 x 100 MWe
1 x 200 MWe
4 x 220 MWe
Units under const. 2 x 700 MWe
Annual generation 3,140
Website
Nuclear Power Corporation of India

The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS; also Rajasthan Atomic Power Project - RAPP) in India is located about 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Kota by way of the Chambal River, approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) above the dam that holds the Rana Pratap Sagar lake. The plant lies in the Federal State Rajasthan, district Chittorgarh. The next locale is Tamlao, Rawatbhata is approx. 11 kilometers far away, which is where the plant is located. In Kota a factory for heavy water operated in the 1980s.

The Douglas Point reactor in Canada was begun in 1961, a duplicate station at Rajasthan, was committed in 1963. The Rajasthan Power Project (RAPP) included two 220 MWe CANDU reactors built in the state of Rajasthan and put into service, respectively, in 1973 and 1981. Indian tradesmen and professional engineers came to be trained at Douglas Point. After the nuclear bomb test explosion in 1973 the nuclear trade links between Canada and India were curtailed and the second RAPP reactor was completed by the Indians with no Canadian assistance.

After many incidents and repairs[citation needed] RAPS-1 has now a 100 MW capacity, RAPS-2 at 200 MW.

In the context of the Indian atomic program, two more PHWR with an output of 220 MW each were built. They cost around 570 million dollars. RAPS-3 became critical on 24 December 1999, RAPS-4 became critical on 3 November 2000. Commercial operations began on 1 June 2000 for unit 3, and on 23 December 2000 for unit 4.

Two more reactors (RAPS-5 and RAPS-6) with 220 MWe have also been built, with unit 5 beginning commercial operation on 4 February 2010, and unit 6 on 31 March 2010.[1]

Two of the new Indian-designed 700 MWe series of reactor (RAPP-7 and RAPP-8) are under construction at Rajasthan.

In November 2012, International Atomic Energy Agency(IAEA) intensively audited over several weeks two reactors at the Rajasthan Atomic Power Station for safety. It has concluded that the reactors are among the best in the world, the indigenously made 220 MW atomic plants can withstand a Fukushima type of accident, even suggesting that the "safety culture is strong in India" and that India emerged a winner with a high global safety rank.[2]

First concrete for unit 7 was poured on 18 July 2011,[3] with commercial operation expected by 2016. The two reactors will cost an estimated Rs 123.2 billion (US$2.6 billion).[4]

2012 nuclear leak[edit]

In June 2012, 38 workers were exposed to tritium when a welding operation went wrong inside the protected environment of the reactor.[5]

Units[edit]

Unit Type Net MW Gross MW Construction Date of Criticality Commercial operation Shut down
 Rajasthan−1  CANDU   90 MW 100 MW 01.08.1965 – 30.11.1972 11.08.1973 16.12.1973
Rajasthan−2 PHWR 187 MW 200 MW 01.04.1968 – 01.11.1980 May 1981 01.04.1981
Rajasthan−3 PHWR 202 MW 220 MW 01.02.1990 – 10.03.2000 01.06.2000
Rajasthan−4 PHWR 202 MW 220 MW 01.10.1990 – 17.11.2000 23.12.2000
Rajasthan−5 PHWR 202 MW 220 MW 18.09.2002 – 24.11.2009 [6] 04.02.2010 [1]
Rajasthan−6 PHWR 202 MW 220 MW 20.01.2003 – 31.03.2010 [1]
Rajasthan−7 PHWR 630 MW 700 MW 18.07.2011 [7]
Rajasthan−8 PHWR 630 MW 700 MW Dec.2011

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS)". Plants Under Operation. Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL). Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  2. ^ UN's nuclear watchdog: Rajasthan reactors are among world's safest. NDTV.com (2012-11-15). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  3. ^ "India begins construction of 25th nuclear plant". The Hindu. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  4. ^ "Construction starts on new Rajasthan units". World Nuclear News. World Nuclear Association (WNA). 18 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 
  5. ^ Radiation scare in Rajasthan, workers exposed. NDTV.com (2012-06-30). Retrieved on 2013-12-06.
  6. ^ "RAPS’ fifth nuclear reactor attains criticality". The Hindu. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  7. ^ "Construction of RAPP-7&8 Begins – First Pour of Concrete Achieved" (Press release). NPCIL. 18 July 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011. 

External links[edit]