Rajinikanth at the audio release of Enthiran in 2010
12 December 1950 
Bangalore, Mysore State, India
|Residence||Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India|
|Occupation||Film actor, producer, screenwriter|
|Awards||Padma Bhushan (2000)|
Rajinikanth (born 12 December 1950 as Shivajirao Gaikwad), popularly referred to and credited in films as Superstar Rajini, is an Indian film actor, media personality, and cultural icon. He made his debut as an actor in the National Film Award–winning Tamil film Apoorva Raagangal (1975), directed by K. Balachander, whom the actor considers his mentor.
After a brief phase of portraying antagonistic characters in Tamil films, he gradually rose to become an established film actor. He continues to hold a matinee idol status in the popular culture of India. His mannerisms and stylised delivery of dialogue in films contribute to his mass popularity and appeal. After being paid 26 crore (US$4.5 million) for his role in Sivaji (2007), he became the highest paid actor in Asia after Jackie Chan.
Rajinikanth has worked in over 150 films across in Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi film Industry. He has won six Tamil Nadu State Film Awards—four Best Actor Awards and two Special Awards for Best Actor—and a Filmfare Best Tamil Actor Award. He was bestowed the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honour in 2000. Other than acting, Rajinikanth has also worked as a producer and screenwriter.
Rajinikanth was born as Shivajirao Gaikwad, to mother Jijabai and father Ramoji Rao Gaikwad, a police constable, on 12 December 1950 in the Indian city of Bangalore in Mysore State, present-day Karnataka. He was the youngest of four siblings and has two brothers and a sister. After his mother's death when he was nine years old, he struggled with an impoverished lifestyle during his childhood. During that time, he often did odd jobs as a coolie in his community. He attended the Government Model Primary School at Gavipuram, Bangalore, where he had his elementary education in Kannada.
Between 1966 and 1973 he worked in many places in Bangalore and Madras. He performed various jobs before joining the Bangalore Transport Service (BTS) as a bus conductor. He began to take part in stage plays after Kannada playwright and director Topi Muniappa offered him a chance to act in mythological moral plays. His most notable was that of the villainous Duryodhana. In 1973, his friend and co-worker Raj Bahadur motivated him to join the Madras Film Institute and also financially supported him during this phase. His performance in a stage play eventually caught the eye of film director K. Balachander. The director advised him to learn to speak Tamil, a recommendation that Rajinikanth quickly followed and which proved to be extremely useful in his career.
In 1975, Rajinikanth began his career in cinema through the Tamil movie Apoorva Raagangal. Starring Kamal Haasan, the film was directed by K. Balachander, who gave Rajinikanth a relatively small role as an abusive husband of Srividya. The film went on to win the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil at the following year's ceremony. His second film, a Kannada film, Katha Sangama, was directed by Puttanna Kanagal and released in 1976. His next film Anthuleni Katha, a Telugu film directed by K. Balachander which was a remake of his own Tamil film Aval Oru Thodar Kathai (1974), had Rajinikanth playing a more pivotal role. In the following years, he continued to perform a variety of negative roles: a sadistic husband of Sujatha in Avargal, a womaniser in Moondru Mudichu, and a lust-filled village rowdy in P. Bharathiraja's 16 Vayadhinile. In 1977, he accepted his first-ever lead role in the Telugu film Chilakamma Cheppindi. Though Rajinikanth always refers to K. Balachander as his mentor, it was S. P. Muthuraman who revamped his image. Muthuraman first experimented with him in a positive role in Bhuvana Oru Kelvikkuri (1977), as a failed lover in the first half of the film and a protagonist in the second half. The duo went on to work in 25 films till the 1990s.
The 1978 film Bairavi was the first Tamil film to cast him as a main hero. Films such as Mullum Malarum and Aval Appadithan that released during this period won him critical acclaim. The success of Bhuvana Oru Kelvikkuri prompted Muthuraman to make a mushy melodrama with Rajinikanth as a hero sacrificing everything for his siblings in Aarilirunthu Arubathu Varai (1979). Following this, he made his Malayalam film-debut through Allauddinum Albhutha Vilakkum. In the same year, he acted in Dharma Yuddam, in which he played a mentally ill person taking revenge for his parents' death. He also shared the screen with N. T. Rama Rao in his 50th film Tiger. Some of the popular films that also released during this period are the youthful entertainer Ninaithale Inikkum, the Tamil–Kannada bilingual Priya, and the Telugu film Amma Evarikkaina Amma.
By the end of the 1980s, he became a popular actor in the South Indian cinema. During this phase of his career, Rajinikanth abruptly chose to quit acting, but was coaxed back. He made a comeback with the Tamil film Billa, which was a remake of the Bollywood film Don (1978). It had Rajinikanth playing dual roles and eventually became his first ever commercial success. His pairing with Sridevi continued in Johnny where he was once again cast in a double role. In 1981, he appeared in Garjanai which was shot simultaneously in Kannada and Malayalam, making it his last film in those two languages till date. He also starred in Murattu Kaalai which was a commercial success. In K. Balachander’s first home production, Netrikan, he performed dual roles as a womanising father and a responsible son. He acted in Thillu Mullu directed by K. Balachander, which was Rajinikanth's first full-length comedy. He agreed to it solely due to the strong suggestion by his mentor that he should do non-commercial roles, to break the stereotyped action-hero mould by which he was getting famous at the time. In 1982, he starred in Pokkiri Raja and Thanikattu Raja. Moondru Mugam had Rajinikanth playing three roles for the first time.
In 1983, he starred in his first Bollywood film, Andha Kanoon, alongside Amitabh Bachchan and Hema Malini. The film went on to become one of the highest grossing films of that time. His 1984 film, Naan Mahaan Alla, was directed by Muturaman and produced by K. Balachander. He acted in his first cameo role in the film Anbulla Rajinikanth. He played a triple role in John Jani Janardhan. His performance in Nallavanuku Nallavan earned him a Filmfare Best Tamil Actor Award. In his 100th movie, Sri Raghavendra (1985), he played the Hindu saint Raghavendra Swami.
In the second half of the 1980s, Rajinikanth acted in many superhit Tamil films like Naan Sigappu Manithan (1985), Padikkathavan (1985), Mr. Bharath (1986), Velaikaran (1987), Guru Sishyan (1988) and Dharmathin Thalaivan (1988). In 1988, he made his only English film appearance in Bloodstone, directed by Dwight Little. Rajinikanth finished the decade with films including Rajadhi Raja, Siva, Raja Chinna Roja and Mappillai while also starring in a few Bollywood productions. Raja Chinna Roja was the first Indian film to use animated characters with actors.
During this decade, Rajinikanth established himself as a commercial entertainer. Almost all the films released during this period were highly successful at the box office. He began the decade with Panakkaran (1990). His stint with Bollywood continued since the past decade as he went on to star in more Hindi films. Hum released in 1991 saw him doing the second main lead with Amitabh Bachchan became an inspiration for Badsha. In 1991, he worked with Mani Ratnam in Thalapathi, which was heavily inspired from the Sanskrit epic, Mahabharata. in which he co-starred with actor Mammooty, the film dealt with the friendship between two unknown characters based on Karna and Duryodhana, respectively, and was set in a more contemporary milieu and was both critically acclaimed and successful upon release. He went on to appear in remakes of films from other languages, mostly from Hindi and Telugu. Annamalai, which released in 1992, was yet another friendship eccentric film and was loosely based on the 1987 Bollywood film Khudgarz. Mannan, directed by P. Vasu, also became a box-office success. Rajinikanth wrote his first screenplay for the film Valli (1993), in which he also made a special appearance. He also starred in the movie Yejaman, in which he played the role of Vaanavaraayan, a village chieftain. His romantic-comedy Veera (1994) was controversial for its climax but went on to become one of the highest grossing films in 1994. He joined hands with Suresh Krishna for Baasha (1995), which emerged as an industry record, and is routinely touted by fans and critics alike as a major-hit, as the film elevated him from being just another very popular actor to nearly a demigod status among the masses. He made a cameo in Peddarayudu for his friend Mohan Babu and also helped him in obtaining the remake rights. The same year, he acted in yet another gangster film, Aatank Hi Aatank with Aamir Khan which was also his last Hindi film in a major role till date. His film Muthu was another commercial success, directed by K. S. Ravikumar and produced by K. Balachander, and became the first Tamil film to be dubbed into Japanese, as Mutu: Odoru Maharaja. The film grossed a record $1.6 million in Japan in 1998 and was responsible for creating a large Japanese fan-base for Rajinikanth, which was unique among international film stars outside of the United States. Muthu's success in Japan led American news magazine Newsweek to comment in a 1999 article that Rajinikanth had "supplanted Leonardo DiCaprio as Japan's trendiest heartthrob". He also entered Bengali cinema through Bhagya Debata, which released at the end of 1995.
After a brief gap, Rajinikanth starred in Baba in 2002, for which he had also written the screenplay. Released with much fanfare and hype at the time, the film featured a story revolving around the reforming of a gangster, who is revealed to be the reincarnation of the Hindu saint Mahavatar Babaji, and fights against political corruption. It fell short of market expectations and the high bids reportedly translated to heavy losses for the distributors. Rajinikanth himself repaid the losses incurred by the distributors. The film was received with comments such as "the bloom was off the rose" and that "the gold does not glitter any more". Pattali Makkal Katchi leader S. Ramadoss condemned him for smoking and posing with beedis in the film. He was criticised for spoiling Tamil youth by glorifying smoking and drinking. PMK volunteers attacked theatres which screened the movie Baba and usurped film rolls and burnt it. Amidst controversies and negative criticism, Rajinikanth kept himself away from acting. Despite this, a few novice directors approached him with scripts, all of which he rejected.
Two years later, Rajinikanth signed up for P. Vasu's Chandramukhi (2005), a remake of the Malayalam evergreen hit classic Manichitrathazhu. The film eventually broke the record of being the longest running Tamil film as of 2007. It was also dubbed in Turkish and German as Der Geisterjäger and released in those respective nations. Following Chandramukhi's release, it was reported that AVM Productions were set to produce a film directed by S. Shankar starring Rajinikanth—the largest collaboration yet for a Tamil film. The film was Sivaji and released in the summer of 2007, following two years of filming and production. It became the first Tamil film to be charted as one of the top-ten best films of United Kingdom and South Africa box-offices upon release. Rajinikanth received a salary of 20 crore (US$3.4 million), for his role in the film, which made him become the second highest paid actor in all of Asia. During the production of Sivaji, Soundarya Rajinikanth announced her intention of producing a computer-generated imagery film starring an animated version of her father titled Sultan: The Warrior. The film was set for release in 2008, however it entered development hell and its development status would become unknown over the next few years.
He worked with P. Vasu again for Kuselan a malayalam movie remake story of srinivasan, which was made simultaneously in Telugu as Kathanayakudu, in which Rajinikanth played an extended cameo role as himself, a film star in the Indian cinema, and as a best friend to the film's protagonist. According to Rajinikanth, the film somewhat narrated his early life. The film, however, performed poorly at box offices and led to many distributors incurring major losses. Rajinikanth also stated that he would work with Pyramid Saimira again in order to compensate for Kuselan.
Rajinikanth worked again with S. Shankar for the science fiction film, Enthiran. The film was released worldwide in 2010 as the most expensive Indian film ever made, ultimately becoming the highest-grossing tamil film in India of its time. Rajinikanth was paid a remuneration of 45 crore (US$7.7 million) for the film.
In January 2011, Rajinikanth was slated to appear in Rana, a period film to be produced by Soundarya Rajinikanth and directed by K. S. Ravikumar, who will work with Rajinikanth for the third time. During the principal photography of the film on 29 April 2011, he suffered a mild foodborne illness that caused emesis which resulted in dehydration and exhaustion. He was treated at St. Isabel's Hospital for a day before being discharged. On 4 May 2011, five days after his last hospital visit, he was rushed to the same hospital again after complaining of breathlessness and fever. He was diagnosed with bronchitis and was kept at the hospital for a week, while spending a few days under an intensive care unit. Several conflicting reports of discharge dates had arose, as well as claims of Rajinikanth's health deteriorating, which were continuously denied by Latha Rajinikanth. By this time, CNN-IBN reported that "Rajinikanth dead" was one of the top trends on Twitter and most searched term on Google in India. Two days after his last discharge, Rajinikanth was admitted to the Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre on 16 May 2011 for recurring respiratory and gastrointestinal problems. The hospital, however, continued to maintain that Rajinikanth was in a stable condition and showed positive response to treatment. On 19 May 2011, he was shifted to the intensive care unit after showing initial signs of renal failure and was undergoing temporary dialysis. It was widely reported that he required a kidney transplantation, which was later denied by Dhanush. On 21 May 2011, Aishwarya Rajinikanth released a photo of her and Rajinikanth, both posing with a thumbs signal in his hospital ward, responding to fans' negative reaction to news reports. The hospital restricted unauthorised visitors. Rajinikanth's brother, Sathyanarayana Rao Gaikwad, reported that the cause of the sudden illness was due to stress from rapid weight-loss and changes in diet, as well as withdrawal of alcohol consumption and smoking cessation. After addressing fans in a 4-minute digitally recorded voice message to the media, Rajinikanth, under the advice of Amitabh Bachchan, travelled from Chennai to Singapore with his family on 21 May 2011, where he was to undergo further treatment for nephropathy at Mount Elizabeth Hospital. After spending over two weeks at the hospital, he was finally discharged on 15 June 2011 and continued to stay in Singapore for vacation, before returning to Chennai on 13 July 2011.
Despite several failed attempts to restart Rana, Rajinikanth appeared in the Bollywood science-fiction film Ra.One (2011) in a cameo appearance alongside Shahrukh Khan and Kareena Kapoor. In November 2011, it was decided that Rana would be shelved to make way for a new project with Rajinikanth in the lead, titled Kochadaiyaan, to be directed by Soundarya Rajinikanth and written by K. S. Ravikumar.
Rajinikanth has been called the most popular Indian film actor of his time. His popularity has been attributed to "his uniquely styled dialogues and idiosyncrasies in films, as well as his political statements and philanthropy". Many also cite reasons for Rajinikanth's popularity as coming from his larger-than-life super-hero appearance in many films, supported by gravity-defying stunts and charismatic expressions, all while attempting to maintain modesty in real-life. Almost every film of Rajinikanth has punchlines delivered by him in an inimitable style, and these punchlines often have a message or even to warn the film's antagonists. These dialogues are usually fabricated to create new ones or even taken in a comical way, but do not fail to create a sense of entertainment among viewers. It is suggested by the media that some popular actors who worked with Rajinikanth earlier in their careers, such as Gouthami Tadimalla and Nayanthara, were recognised because of their association with Rajinikanth, giving other aspiring actors the urge to work with him. Some fellow actors, such as Cho Ramaswamy, have commentated that Rajinikanth has the potential to be successful in Indian politics due to his popularity and fan base alone.
During a visit to Japan in 2006, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh acknowledged the success of Muthu in the country during a speech, justifying the positive relationship between the two nations. Chandramukhi is notable for being the longest-running Tamil film in India, playing for a total of over 800 days. Sivaji was instrumental in making one of the largest releases for an Indian film in the world; the film entered the list of top ten films of the United Kingdom upon release. Chandramukhi and Sivaji were also released in South Africa, where they eventually became high box-office grossers. In December 2010, it was reported that students of the post-graduate management program at the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad would use Enthiran as a case study to analyse the business of cinema and its success story, as part of an elective course called Contemporary Film Industry: A Business Perspective. The course would also study Muthu.
"Rajinikanth facts" or "Rajinikanth jokes" are satirical factoids about Rajinikanth. They are widely circulated in text messages and over the internet. Most Rajinikanth "facts" are said to be lifted from Chuck Norris facts. These satirical jokes have also inspired an iPad application. It has been reported that the first biography of the actor will be launched by Penguin Books on 12 December 2012, coinciding with his 62nd birthday. Rajinikanth is the only actor who became a chapter in the lesson for CBSE syllabus titled ‘From Bus Conductor to Superstar’ which comes under the category Dignity of Work.
Rajinikanth married Latha Rangachari on 26 February 1981, at the age of 31 in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh. The couple have two daughters named Aishwarya Rajinikanth and Soundarya Rajinikanth. His wife, Latha Rajinikanth, currently runs a school named "The Ashram". His elder daughter, Aishwarya, married actor Dhanush on 18 November 2004 and they have two sons named Yathra and Linga. His younger daughter, Soundarya, works in the film industry as a director, producer and graphic designer. She married industrialist Ashwin Ramkumar on 3 September 2010.
Rajinikanth is a follower of Hinduism, spiritualism, and a strong believer of spirituality. As a reader, he also enjoys books on such topics. He is also a practitioner of yoga and meditation. Rajinikanth is known for visiting temples prior to the release of each of his films; for instance he visited the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple before the release of Sivaji in 2007 and visited Sathya Sai Baba at Prasanthi Nilayam in Andhra Pradesh before the release of Kuselan the following year. He also occasionally leaves for pilgrimage to the Himalayas. He has often referred to Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Swami Satchidananda, Ragavendra Swami, Mahavatar Babaji, and Ramana Maharishi as his favourite spiritual leaders.
Social work and politics
In 1995, Rajinikanth began supporting the Indian National Congress after meeting Prime Minister Narasimha Rao. An opinion poll conducted by the magazine Kumudam predicted that Congress with Rajinikanth's support might win up to 130 seats in Tamil Nadu Assembly. In 1996, when the Congress Party decided to align with All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) for the assembly election in Tamil Nadu, Rajinikanth changed loyalties and supported Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)-Tamil Maanila Congress (TMC) alliance. The TMC used a bicycle as their election symbol and used an image of Rajinikanth riding a bicycle from the film Annamalai in their posters. Rajinikanth said, "Even God cannot save Tamil Nadu if AIADMK returns to power." Rajinikanth wholeheartedly supported the DMK and TMC alliance and asked the people of Tamil Nadu and his fans to vote for that alliance. This alliance had a complete victory in 1996. Rajinikanth also supported the DMK-TMC alliance in the parliamentary election held the same year.
In 2002, Rajinikanth undertook a daylong fast to protest the Government of Karnataka's decision to not release Kaveri River water into Tamil Nadu and announced that he would contribute 1 crore (US$170,000) toward a plan to interlink Indian rivers. He met with Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and many experts to canvass support for the project. However, most other members of the Tamil film industry, including members of the South Indian Film Artistes' Association (SIFAA), organised their own solidarity protest. Film director Bharathi Raja stated that Rajinikanth was on the verge of dividing the film industry and called him "traitor who had a tacit understanding with the Karnataka government".
Later in 2004, Rajnikanth said he would personally vote for the BJP but would not extend his support to any front.  The alliance was completely thrashed in the election and did not even win a single seat out of the 39 seats for Tamil Nadu in the Lok Sabha.
During the 2008 hunger strike organised by SIFAA against Karnataka's stance on the Hogenakkal Falls water dispute, he reprimanded politicians in Karnataka. Further, he appealed to leaders not to inflame the water project issue for political gains and requested that the issue should be resolved soon. He urged the Karnataka politicians "to speak the truth". "They cannot be fooled and will not remain silent if you continue to act in such manner," he stated. Vatal Nagaraj, a hardline Kannada activist and leader of the Kannada Chaluvali Vatal Paksha, demanded an apology from Rajinikanth and threatened that he would not be allowed in the state of Karnataka and all his films would be boycotted. This was also echoed by other pro-Kannada organisations such as the Karnataka Rakshana Vedike. In an effort to save the economy of Tamil cinema in Karnataka and ensure welfare of Tamil Nadu-based filmmakers, Rajinikanth made a brief media appearance on the news channel TV9 Kannada and clarified his speech, issuing an apology for his statements. Following the release of Kuselan in Karnataka, Rajinikanth thanked the Kannada film industry for allowing the release of the film and lifting the ban. Fellow Tamil actors R. Sarathkumar, Sathyaraj and Radha Ravi condemned the apology, calling it a "disgrace to Tamilians" and stating that "there was no need for him to apologise as his speech never provoked the sentiments of Kannadigas or the Kannada film industry".
Local fan associations of Rajinikanth in Tamil Nadu continuously speculated his entry in politics. In this regard, a few fans in Coimbatore began a political party in 2008 for Rajinikanth, in an attempt to pressure his entry. The party was named the Desiya Dravadar Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam (DDMMK), introducing its own flag and symbol for the party. After learning about this, Rajinikanth wrote an open letter to the media and declared that he had no connection with these events and warned fans not to indulge in such activities and that he would take legal action if they failed to adhere. He also mentioned that he was not interested in politics and thus, was only committed to working in films. He added that nobody can force him to enter politics, just as no one can stop him from entering it. Later that year, Rajinikanth took part in the SIFAA-organized one-day hunger strike with other Tamil film personalities, demanding the government of Sri Lanka to stop the civil war and to provide Sri Lankan Tamils their rights and traditional land in the island nation. The hunger strike was responsible for sparking a series of protests in different parts of the world for the same cause. In 2010, Rajinikanth supported actor Ajith Kumar, who spoke against the forceful inclusion of Tamil cinema personae in political affairs, which broke into a controversy.
Later in 2011, Rajinikanth announced his support for the anti-corruption movement led by Gandhian Anna Hazare. He even offered his marriage hall, Raghavendra Kalyana Mandapam in Chennai free of cost for the India Against Corruption members to hold their fast.
Awards and honours
Rajinikanth has received numerous awards for many of his films mostly in Tamil. He received his first Filmfare Award for Best Tamil Actor in 1984 for Nallavanuku Nallavan. Later he received Filmfare Award nominations for his performances in Sivaji (2007) and Enthiran (2010). Rajinikanth also received Tamil Nadu State Film Awards in the Best Actor category for his roles in Muthu (1995), Padayappa (1999), Chandramukhi (2005), and Sivaji (2007). He also received numerous awards from Cinema Express and Filmfans' Association for his on-screen performances and off-screen contributions in writing and producing.
Rajinikanth received the Kalaimamani award in 1984 and the M. G. R. Award in 1989, both from the Government of Tamil Nadu. In 1995, the South Indian Film Artistes' Association presented him with the Kalaichelvam Award. He was named and honoured with the Padma Bhushan award, India's third highest civilian honour, in 2000 from the Government of India. He was selected as the Indian Entertainer of the Year for 2007 by NDTV, competing against the likes of Shahrukh Khan. The Government of Maharashtra honoured him with the Raj Kapoor Award the same year. He received the Chevalier Sivaji Ganesan Award for Excellence in Indian Cinema at the 2010 ceremony of the Vijay Awards. Rajinikanth was also named one of the most influential persons in South Asia by Asiaweek. He was also named by Forbes India as the most influential Indian of the year 2010. In 2011, he was awarded the Entertainer of the Decade Award by NDTV for the year 2010 by the then Indian Minister for Home Affairs P. Chidambaram.
- Ruma Singh (6 Jul 2007). "Even more acclaim will come his way". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 Apr 2011.
- NK, Jarshad (6 Feb 2013). "For south Indian movie stars, the glitter is in their title". The Economic Times. Retrieved 16 Feb 2013.
- M. R. Venkatesh. "Decoding Rajinikanth". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 16 Dec 2011.
- Ethiraj, Gopal (14 Dec 2009). "Rajini is simple, stylish, spiritual, that explains his uniqueness". Asian Tribune. Retrieved 14 Dec 2009.
- "Sivaji: The Boss set to release on Friday". Business of Cinema. 14 Jun 2007,. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- Reviews – Shivaji "The Boss" Retrieved 25 May 2010,.
- Ruma Singh (12 Apr 2011). "If it's election time in Tamil Nadu, Rajinikanth is the Boss". The Economic Times. Retrieved 1 Jan 2012.
- ""Rajinikanth should step into politics"". Bharatwaves.com. 6 Mar 2008. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- "When Rajnikanth met his 'god'". Rediff.com. 6 Oct 2010. Retrieved 6 Oct 2010.
- S, Anandan (6 Jan 2013). "Reel to real image, a tome". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 Feb 2013.
- "Rajini's friends to renovate primary school". Sify. 13 Dec 2010. Retrieved 9 Jul 2011.
- M. D, Riti (22 Dec 1999). "You can see God in him at times". Rediff.com. Retrieved 14 Jun 2011.
- "Rajinikanth: Who Really Is the Super Star?". Forbes India. Retrieved 9 Apr 2011,.
- Lakhe, Manisha (27 Sep 2010,). "Why Rajinikanth Rocks". Forbes. Retrieved 9 Apr 2011.
- K. V. Subramanya (16 Jun 2007). "He drove Rajnikant to stardom". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 4 Nov 2010.
- "Meet the bus driver Rajni worked with". Rediff.com. 13 Jun 2007. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- N.S., Ramnath; D'Souza, Nilofer (22 Dec 2010). "Rajinikanth: Who Really Is the Super Star?". Forbes. Retrieved 22 Feb 2013.
- Sathyalaya Ramakrishnan (13 Dec 2010). "Super Star Rajnikanth turns 61: Fans celebrates enthusiastically". Asian Tribune. Retrieved 18 Jun 2011.
- C Raja Mohan (12 Dec 2010). "Fans celebrate Rajinikanth's 61st birthday". The Indian Express. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- "23rd National Film Awards". Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- Malathi Rangarajan (10 Apr 2011). "We will miss you, Sujatha". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- Special Correspondent (17 Nov 2010). "Professor Viswanathan passes away". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- S. Shiva Kumar (31 Dec 2010). "Immortality ode". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- Karthik Subramanian (3 Oct 2010). "Unabashed entertainer – Enthiran". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- "Success has humble beginnings". Rediff.com. 12 Dec 2012. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- Srinivasan, Meera (4 Sep 2010). "Fusion of culture at celebrity wedding". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 Feb 2013.
- Rajitha (22 Dec 1999). "Rajini acts in front of the camera, never behind it". Rediff.com. Retrieved 14 Jun 2011.
- D. Karthikeyan (13 Dec 2009). "A phenomenon called Rajnikanth". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 Feb 2013,.
- Rajitha (22 Dec 1999). "Rajini's real potential remains largely untapped". Rediff.com. Retrieved 12 Jul 2011.
- "The Rajini mystique". The Hindu. 2 Jul 2011. Retrieved 6 Jul 2011.
- Girija Jinnaa (15 Jun 2007). "'Yesterday I was a conductor, today I'm a star'". The Indian Express. Retrieved 4 Jan 2011.
- "Why we like... Thillu Mullu". The Hindu. 28 Mar 2008. Retrieved 9 Jul 2011.
- Srinivasan, Meera (29 Jan 2011). "Raana Rajini's next venture". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- "Top Earners 1980-1989 (Figures in Ind Rs)". Box Office India. Retrieved 22 Feb 2013.
- "Only Rajini can". The Economic Times. 10 Dec 2006,. Retrieved 21 Feb 2011.
- Collections. Update Video Publication. 1991. p. 394.
- K. Hariharan (24 Oct 2010). "Magazine : He's back". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- Weldon, Michael (1996). The Psychotronic Video Guide. Titan Books. p. 66. ISBN 978-1-85286-770-6. Retrieved 22 Feb 2013.
- S.R. Ashok Kumar (14 May 2004,). "Finger on people's pulse". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 Apr 2011.
- "Rajnikanth to make his re-entry into bollywood". Hinducinema.com. 21 Jan 2011. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- "It's India-Japan Friendship Year". The Hindu (in Tamil) (Chennai, India). 15 Dec 2006. Retrieved 20 Apr 2007.
- "Looking at Mani Ratnam's landmark movies – Rediff.com Movies". Rediff.com. 9 Jun 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Tamil superstar Rajnikant turns 60, fans celebrate". The Indian Express. 12 Dec 2009. Retrieved 23 Apr 2011.
- Megha Shenoy (4 Apr 2011). "Inspiration for remakes". The Deccan Herald. Retrieved 26 Feb 2013.
- "Working with Rajinikanth: Baasha director tells all". Rediff.com. 12 Dec 2012. Retrieved 26 Feb 2013.
- "Baasha, a blockbuster film". cinedust.com. Retrieved 27 Mar 2011.
- "Mutu: Odoru Maharaja" (PDF). Retrieved 4 Jan 2011.
- "Muthu was the first Tamil film to be dubbed into Japanese". itimes.com. Retrieved 28 Mar 2011.
- "Brand Rajinikanth is hot in Japan – India – DNA". Dnaindia.com. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- "Dancing Maharajas". Newsweek. 10 May 1999,.
- Rangarajan, Malathi (16 Aug 2002). "Baba". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- N Sathiya Moorthy (3 May 2003,). "Film producer GV commits suicide". Rediff.com. Retrieved 17 May 2007.
- Sudhish Kamath (12 May 2004,). "Superstar wannabes". Chennai, India: The Hindu: Metro Plus. Retrieved 17 May 2007.
- "Will Sivaji be Rajini's biggest hit?- History". Rediff.com. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
- "Rajini keeps everyone guessing". 23 Mar 2004. Archived from the original on 9 Mar 2007,. Retrieved 5 Apr 2007.
- "Baba suffers heavy loss". cinesouth.com. Retrieved 17 Apr 2011.
- "The Final Verdict – History". Sify. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- "Rajni's 'Chandramukhi' in Turkish and German". Oneindia.in. 2 Apr 2006. Retrieved 7 Jun 2011.
- "United Kingdom Box Office June 15–17, 2007". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 18 Jun 2007.
- "South Africa Box Office August 3–5, 2007". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 8 Jun 2007.
- early life of rajinikanth. mouthshut.com. 4 Jul 2009,. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
- "Sultan becomes "Hara"". behindwoods.com. 25 Oct 2010. Retrieved 27 Mar 2011.
- "Rajinikanth in Endhiran". Rediff.com. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- P, Krishnakumar (1 Aug 2008). "Pasupathy, the real star of Kuselan". Rediff.com. Rediff. Retrieved 12 Jun 2011.
- Pillai, Sreedhar (20 Aug 2008). "Kollywood in a flap". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- Iyengar, Pushpa. "Hope Floats For SRK". The Outlook. Retrieved 30 Jul 2011.
- S, Shyam Prasad (16 Dec 2008). "Kuselan may spark Tamil film boycott". Bangalore Mirror. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- Gupta, Shubhra (26 Dec 2010). "Chulbul Pandey Now Lives in Chennai". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 Jan 2012.
- "Is It True That Endhiran Will Gross Than Three Idiots?". Box Office India. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- "Rajini's Endhiran: A sell out in Chennai". NDTV. Retrieved 26 Sep 2010.
- "Endhiran — The Robot Expected Lifetime Business". Box Office India. 1 Nov 2010. Retrieved 4 Jan 2011.
- "Avatar technology powers Rajnikant in Enthiran". The Indian Express. 28 Aug 2010. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- "Rajinikanth admitted to hospital – Entertainment – DNA". Dnaindia.com. 29 Apr 2011. Retrieved 14 Jul 2011.
- "Rajinikanth hospitalised". Sify.com. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- ITGD Bureau (14 May 2011). "Actor Rajinikanth hospitalised again : Celebrities: India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajini writes letter to fans, says he will be back soon". Hindustan Times. India. 18 Jun 2011. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajinikanth's Condition Stable: Hospital". NDTV. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajinikanth death rumours are false, says family – Trends News – IBNLive". CNN-IBN. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Modi To Visit Rajini in Hospital". NDTV. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajini Back in Icu – Rajinikanth – Tamil Movie News". Behindwoods.com. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajini will soon be back to complete 'Raana': Dhanush – Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 1 Jun 2011. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajinikanth out of ICU, moved into private ward – Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajini getting better, say docs as fans pray for their superstar – Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajini suffering from lung, liver ailment: Brother". NDTV. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "International news of the week". Business Standard. 4 Jun 2011. Retrieved 17 Feb 2013.
- "Rajini in Singapore hospital on Big B’s advice". Zeenews.india.com. 30 May 2011. Retrieved 14 Jul 2011.
- By ApunKaChoice (28 May 2011). "Rajinikanth admitted to the best hospital in Singapore | Rajinikanth". ApunKaChoice.com. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- "Rajinikanth calls up Karunanidhi". Daijiworld.com. 17 Jun 2011. Retrieved 1 Jul 2011.
- Rudrappa, Chetan (16 Sep 2011). "Rajinikanth's cameo RA.One". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 Oct 2011.
- Bharti Dubey, TNN, 29 January 2011, 05.42 pm IST (29 Jan 2011,). "Rana, a triple delight for Rajini fans". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 Jan 2011.
- "Rajni set for quiet birthday". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 11 Dec 2007. Retrieved 14 Jun 2011.
- "Rajinikanth's health condition improving, says wife". Sify.com. 14 May 2011. Retrieved 14 Jun 2011.
- "Who rules South Cinema – Rajinikanth or Kamal Haasan?". Breakingnewsonline.net. 28 Sep 2010. Retrieved 20 Apr 2011.
- Hendrix, Grady (27 Sep 2010). "SUPERSTAR Rajinikanth!: The biggest movie star you've probably never heard of. – By Grady Hendrix – Slate Magazine". Slate.com. Archived from the original on 15 Mar 2011. Retrieved 20 Apr 2011.
- "Rajini's Punch dialogues". thesouthreports.com. Retrieved 12 Apr 2011.
- "It doesn't get bigger than Rajinikanth". Times of India (India). 18 Apr 2008. Retrieved 12 Apr 2011.
- S.R, Ashok Kumar (20 Jul 2007). "Determined to make a mark, again". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- Moviebuzz. "Ghajini was a big mistake!". Sify. Archived from the original on 2 Oct 2012. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- Prem Panicker (14 Dec 2006). "When the PM wowed Japan's parliament". Rediff.com. Retrieved 8 Jan 2012.
- "Sivaji to delight Japanese and South African fans". Behindwoods.com. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- "Rajinikanth's Enthiran – Case study in IIM A". Times of India (India). 23 Dec 2010. Retrieved 9 Apr 2011,.
- "New Year Diary". The Outlook. 10 Jan 2011,. Retrieved 28 Mar 2011.
- Dabangg ideas bloom in New Age Bollywood "Rajinikanth jokes". Times of India. India. Retrieved 28 Mar 2011.
- "Rajinikanth global warming". Times of India (India). 17 Mar 2011. Retrieved 28 Mar 2011.
- "Rajinikanth first biography to be launched". IBNLive. India. 5 Jan 2012. Retrieved 6 Jan 2012.
- "Rajinikanth becomes a lesson for CBSE students". That Faisal Saif. Retrieved 13 Dec 2012.
- "Rajini's personal life". weeksupdate.com. Retrieved 28 Mar 2011.
- "Dhanush’s son named Linga – Tamil Movie News". IndiaGlitz. Retrieved 6 Oct 2010.
- "Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : Rajnikanth turns grandfather". The Hindu. 12 Oct 2006. Retrieved 10 Apr 2010.
- Gladwin Emanuel (4 Sep 2010). "Soundarya Rajinikanth’s celeb-studded wedding". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- "Rajnikanth is a firm believer in Hindutva". Rediff.com. 28 Apr 2004. Retrieved 22 Feb 2013.
- "Andhra Pradesh / Anantapur News : Rajinikanth in Puttaparthi". The Hindu. 14 Apr 2008. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- Ramanujam, Srinivasa (21 Aug 2011). "Rajinikanth love Himalayas". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- "Why does Rajini dwell in the hearts of millions?". cinefundas.com. 1 Jun 2011. Retrieved 15 Jun 2011.
- "Rajini blesses "Mahaan" actor". Indiaglitz.com. 22 Sep 2010. Retrieved 15 Jun 2011.
- "Rajini's tribute to Babaji". Indiaglitz.com. 10 May 2008. Retrieved 15 Jun 2011.
- "Tamil Cinema 1998-Year Highlights (Part-2)". Dinakaran. 21 Jan 1998. Archived from the original on 20 Jun 2008,. Retrieved 23 Sep 2009.
- "Rediff India News: Rajinikanth fasts for Kaveri waters". Rediff.com. 13 Oct 2002. Retrieved 23 Sep 2009.
- "Rediff India News:Rajinikanth to meet Indian PM". Rediff. 14 Oct 2002. Retrieved 23 Sep 2009.
- "Rally exposes politicised film industry". 12 Oct 2002. Retrieved 5 Apr 2007.
- "'Rajnikanth is a firm believer in Hindutva'". Rediff. 28 Apr 2004. Retrieved 12 Jun 2013.
- "AIADMK entering Parliament after five years". The Times of India. 17 May 2009.
- "Rajnikanth blasts Karnataka over water project – Thaindian News". Thaindian.com. Retrieved 23 Sep 2009.
- "Karnataka groups demand apology". Sify.com. 5 Apr 2008. Retrieved 23 Sep 2009.
- "Rajini earns the wrath of Tamil cinema". Behindwoods. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- "Now, Rajnikanth’s Fans Float Party: DDMMK". Extramirchi.com. 8 Dec 2008. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
- "No one can compel me to enter politics". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 14 Oct 2008. Retrieved 23 Sep 2009.
- "Kollywood fasts over Eelam Tamils' plight". Tamil Guardian. 12 Nov 2008. Retrieved 2 Nov 2010.
- "Karunanidhi against bringing politics into film world: The Hindu". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 7 Feb 2010. Retrieved 18 Oct 2010.
- "Actor Rajinikanth supports Anna Hazare". The Times of India. 23 Aug 2011.
- "Rajinikanth lends wedding hall for anti-corruption fast: Team Anna". Dnaindia.com. 26 Dec 2011. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- "Civilian Awards announced on 26 January 2000" (in Tamil). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). Archived from the original on 2 Mar 2007,. Retrieved 20 Apr 2007.
- "NDTV presents Indian of the Year awards". NDTV. 17 Jan 2008. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- "Indian Entertainer of the year". itimes.com. Retrieved 28 Mar 2011.
- "Air supply". The Hindu. 18 Jun 2010. Retrieved 24 Feb 2013.
- Buncombe, Andrew (3 Oct 2010). "Meet India's biggest film star". The Independent (London). Retrieved 3 Oct 2010.
- "Now, a film on Rajinikanth's life". The Times of India. 4 May 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
- "Rajinikanth is the Entertainer of the decade". Sify. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 9 Sep 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Rajinikanth|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Rajinikanth|