|Zone||3 (Central, East & West)|
|Rajkot Municipal Corporation||1973|
|• Body||1 (RUDA)|
|• Mayor||Mrs,Raxaben Boricha,|
|• Total||170.00 km2 (65.64 sq mi)|
|Elevation||134 m (440 ft)|
|• Total||1.28 million|
|• Density||12,735/km2 (32,980/sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||[[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]|
|Vehicle registration||GJ-3 & GJ-30 ( East Rajkot )[unreliable source?]|
|Lok Sabha constituency||1|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||3|
|Planning agency||1 (RUDA)|
|Precipitation||500 millimetres (20 in)|
|Avg. annual temperature||26 °C (79 °F)|
|† Estimated as on 2008|
Rajkot (Gujarati: રાજકોટ Rājkot ) is the fourth largest city in the state of Gujarat, India, after Ahmedabad, Surat, and Vadodara. Rajkot is the 35th-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population more than 1.6 million as of 2012. Rajkot is also the 22nd-fastest-growing city in the world. The city contains the administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, 245 km from the state capital Gandhinagar, and is located on the banks of the Aji and Nyari Rivers. Rajkot was the capital of the Saurashtra State from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956, before its merger to Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was reincorporated into Gujarat State from May 1, 1960. They are popularly known as "Rockets" among fellow Indians.
- 1 Geography and climate
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Culture
- 4 Economy
- 5 Law and government
- 6 Education
- 7 Transport
- 8 Sister cities
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
Geography and climate
Rajkot is located at  It has an average elevation of 134 metres (439 ft). The city is located on the bank of Aji River and Nyari River which remains dry except the monsoon months of July to September. The city is spread in the area of 104.86 km². Rajkot has a semi-arid climate, with hot, dry summers from mid-March to mid-June and the wet monsoon season from mid-June to October, when the city receives 500 mm of rain on average. The months from November to February are mild, the average temperature being around 20°C, with low humidity..
One of the most important weather phenomena that are associated with the city of Rajkot is cyclone. The cyclones generally occur in the Arabian Sea during the months after the rainy season. The region experiences a lot of rainfall and high-speed winds during the time of the year after the monsoon season as well as the months of May and June. However, June experiences lesser amount of rainfall and winds than the post-monsoon time. Thunderstorms are another important part of the Rajkot weather in the months of June and July. During summer time, the temperature ranges between 24°C and 42°C. In the months of winter, Rajkot temperature varies between 10°C and 22°C but on a whole winters are pleasant.
|Climate data for Rajkot|
|Record high °C (°F)||36
|Average high °C (°F)||28
|Average low °C (°F)||10
|Record low °C (°F)||−0.55
|Precipitation mm (inches)||0
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 in)||0.2||0.4||0.2||0.1||1.2||6.5||13.4||7.8||5.2||1.3||0.6||0.3||37.2|
As of the 2011 India census, Rajkot recorded a total population of 1,286,995. Rajkot city has an average literacy rate of 89%, higher than the national average. Males are 525,880 and females are 477,134 in percent males are 52.43% and females are 47.57% A clear majority of the people here are Hindus 97%.and Muslim population is more than two percent. In Muslim population 2% is Sunni Muslim.Many intermarriages between the Hindus and the Jains occur quite frequently.
The people in Rajkot are predominantly vegetarians and are vehemently against any form of hunting. The women in Rajkot are very fond of jewelery. Large chains, pendants and other heavy gold jewelry are a common sight during marriages, festivals and family functions. The attire changes with the season and approaching festivals. The ladies normally wear the Gujarati flavor of the Sari and men can be seen in flowing Kurtas and in the formal wears (shirts and trousers).
Rajkot is multicultural. One can find many languages, like Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, English, Sindhi, Bengali, Tamil, Malayalam and Marathi. However, only Gujarati, Hindi, Urdu, and English are well understood. Rajkot is the part of Kathiyawad. Because of this people of Rajkot are also known as Kathiyawadi.
Rajkot is frequently referred to as "Rangilu Rajkot" (રંગીલુ રાજકોટ) meaning colorful Rajkot. The people of Rajkot like to enjoy themselves to the fullest no matter which season or time of the day. You can find them eating out at 1 am. Shopkeepers mostly close their business between 1.30 pm to 4.30 pm.
Rajkot has many historical landmarks and places to visit. The Jubilee Garden is a large, open park in the center of the city featuring many monuments from colonial times. Located prominently in the center of the garden is the Connaught Hall. Other notable points of interest near the garden include the historic Mohandas Gandhi High School, Kaba Gandhi No Delo (Mohandas Gandhi's childhood residence), Rashtriya Shala, Watson Museum, Lang Library and Rotary Midtown Library.
The Lang Library and the G.T. Sheth Library collect thousands of documents and books covering every period in Rajkot and Saurashtra (region) history. Rajkot has many other public libraries with many branches throughout the city. It includes Rotary Midtown of Rajkot City Library and many more.
Other points of interest in Rajkot include Gebanshah Pir Dargah,Hashanshah Pir Dargah, Turkibapu's Dargah, Swaminarayan Gurukul, Masonic Hall, Jam Tower, Race Course, Aji Dam, Ramakrishna Aashram, Shri Ranchhoddas Ashram, Swaminarayan Temple, Nageshwar Parswanath Jain Temple, Balkrishna Haveli, Ishwariya Temple and Garden, Mukti Dhama, Lal Pari Lake, Randerda Lake, Kaba Gandhi no Delo: Sri Sathya Sai Heart Hospital[ Sri Sathya Sai Heart Hospital Performing Heart Surgeries Free of Cost] Gandhiji's ancestral home which now houses the Gandhi Smriti, a permanent exhibition. Watson Museum And Library: The Watson Museum today has a collection of human history and culture. Its collection has precious objects of colonial period of India and History of Rajkot. Located in the pleasant Jubilee Garden, the museum is a good introduction to Saurashtra's cultural heritage. Rajkot Memon Boarding;is head quarter of Muslim activities before 1947. Saurashtra Muslim league held many Muslim convention at Rajkot Memon boarding ground.
Best LAW and Order city - 2013
Rajkot is a major regional center for the arts, with many venues for the performing arts in the city. Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha, one of the first non-profit regional theaters, is rich with history and dedicated to the Gujarati Play.
Rajkot has its own native music genre, called Dayro, which is used to convey folk stories and sayings. Rajkot also inherited Kathiyawadi folk music.
The city also has various orchestra groups, which perform professionally. They mainly perform the music albums from Bollywood.
Cricket is the most famous sport in the city. One-day internationals, domestic tournaments such as the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy and many inter-school and collegiate tournaments are played at the Madhavrao Sindhia Cricket Ground. The newly-constructed 2nd International Cricket Stadium situated in Rajkot, Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, formerly known as Khandheri Cricket Stadium, is a cricket stadium in Khandheri, about 15 kilometers outside Rajkot, India. The Stadium has a capacity of 28,000 to 32,000 spectators. In this cricket stadium Day/Night matches can now also be played. The stadium hosted its 1st International Cricket Match played on 11 January 2013 between India and England.[unreliable source?] The stadium will part of a larger sports complex that will include venues for other sports such as badminton, basketball, and volleyball. It will host Saurashtra Cricket Association matches along with Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground. Rajkot has produced cricketers such as K S Ranjitsinhji, Karsan Ghavri, Ravindra Jadeja and Cheteshwar Pujara who have been members of the Indian cricket team. Rajkot has many other cricket grounds around city, including Railway Cricket Ground and Rajkumar College South Ground. Apart from cricket, other sports such as hockey, football, volleyball, badminton, tennis, table-tennis, chess, swimming and squash are rapidly growing popular in the city. There has been a significant increase in recent years in the number of private sports clubs, gymkhanas and gymnasiums. Kathiawar gymkhana, indoor stadium and swimming pools of Rajkot Municipal Corporation are major sports clubs in city. Recently, the Gujarat Hockey Team (Under 14) was assembled with all 16 players coming from Rajkot.A new modernized cricket ground is even under construction at the outskirts. Many new talents are arising due to sports facilities like cricketers Cheteshwar Pujara, Ravindra Jadeja.There are numerous swimming pools too.
The indoor stadium also runs sport activities and is near to the International Cricket ground. Many of the free yoga classes and laughing club can be found there. Free Ayruvedic medicine (Kadvu Kadiyatu) can be provided in early morning for walkers.
Garba, a dance form, is popular both with men and women and is performed during the Navratri festival. The dance starts before midnight and continues until dawn. Mata Ambe, who rides a Lion, has a special reverential status with any highly religious Gujarati. The 'Janmastami Mela' organizes by for five days at the Race Course grounds to celebrate Janmastami. Diwali is the New Year for Hindus and people celebrate by doing Ma Laxmi Pujan. Moharam is new year of Muslim. Muslim's also celebrate ramzan Eid and bakri Eid. Rajkot Municipality arranges the Firecracker Show for the citizens of Rajkot. People clean and paint their houses and purchase new clothes to wear on New Year's Day. Dhuleti is the colour festival and Mahashivratri is God Shiva's day. People also celebrate Uttarayan (Makar Sankranti) on 14 January by flying kites from their terraces. Other holidays are Ganesh Utsava, Ram Navami, Mahavir Jayanti etc. Since Rajkot has people from many different castes and races, their various celebrations occur throughout the year.
The city contributes to the economy of the state with heavy and small scale industries under the patronage of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) and Gujarat State Financial Corporation (GSFC). The economy of Rajkot got another shot in the arm with 28 crore World Bank aid for development of infrastructure of the city. Many a renowned business houses made a beeline for grabbing the property market in the city, before it skyrockets. The plans are already in place to beautify and modernize the ancient city, including a Rock Garden, ala Chandigarh. Another 25 crore project to rebuild the Kaiser-e-Hind, the only major bridge linking to the city, is already nearing completion. All such infrastructure development will add to the economic wealth and promote the local business houses.
Rajkot is famous for its jewelry market, silk embroidery and watch parts. The city hosts several small scale manufacturing industries. Some of the industrial products for which Rajkot is known include bearings, diesel engines, kitchen knives and other cutting appliances, watch parts (cases & bracelets), automotive parts, forging industry, casting industry, machine tools, share market and software development. The city is also home to some of the largest CNC machine and auto parts manufacturers in the country such as Jyoti CNC Automation Pvt. Ltd, Macpower CNC Machines Pvt. Ltd. and Atul Auto Ltd. The Real Estate sector is also booming in the city, as the land prices in the city are some of the highest in India.
Rajkot is well known throughout the world for its casting and forging industries. Over the last few years, it has started to play an increasingly important role in the complex supply chains of many global engineering companies that make products such as electric motors, automobiles, machine tools, bearings, etc.
There are about 500 foundry units in Rajkot. The cluster came up mainly to cater to the casting requirements of the local diesel engine industry. The geographical spread of the cluster includes Aji Vasahat, Gondal Road and Bhavanagar Road areas. The majority of foundry units in Rajkot produce grey iron castings for the domestic market. A very small percentage (about 2%) of the foundry units export castings such as electric motor castings, automobile castings etc.
Rajkot is also famous for its gold purity and has one of the largest gold markets in India.
Rajkot is also growing up in Software Industries and ITeS. There are many SOHO companies working in Web Development along with many new multinational call centers and software companies such as NCrypted Technologies setting up their operations and development centers in Rajkot.
Rajkot's sister city Morbi is also a manufacturing hub for ceramics industry, wall clocks industry and electrical accessories. The city is a home to large industries such as Ajanta Clock, Samay Group, ORPAT Group, Sonera Industries, Rickon Quartz etc.
In the near future, the government of Gujarat will allocate large land areas for the development of Special Economic Zone which will be parted in three different areas and will include industries such as Software, Auto-Mobiles, etc. As per recent market reviews, Rajkot is becoming Asia's biggest Auto-Mobile Zone.
Rajkot is also famous for its textile printing units which produce cotton salwar suits and cotton print and silk sarees.
Rajkot was formerly the leading centre in India in the field of diesel engine and submersible pumps. Submersible pumps are still manufactured in the city and marketed throughout India, with some of the larger manufacturers also exporting them.
Rajkot is also home to some of India's leading snacks manufacturers such as Balaji Wafers Pvt Ltd, Gopal Snacks Pvt Ltd and is home to one of India's leading share broker Marwadi Shares & Finance Ltd.
Law and government
Rajkot is governed by many government bodies, including Jilla Seva Sadan (Rajkot District Collector Offices), Rajkot Municipal Corporation, Rajkot Urban Development Authority and bodies like the Police Department of Gujarat and the Rajkot City Traffic Police Department, which work to maintain law and order in the city.
Mrs Raxaben Bodiya
|City Municipal Commissioner
Mr. Ajay Bhadu
|City Police Commissioner
The city civic body has started a 24x7 call center, the first of its kind in Gujarat and the second in the country to take care of all complaints relating to civic management. Citizens can now get all their complaints registered with the Rajkot Municipal Corporation by dialling a single number with an assurance that the problem would be addressed within 72 hours.
Rajkot is home to Rajkumar College, Rajkot, also know as RKC, which is one of the oldest schools of India. Located in the centre of the city, RKC offers world class schooling experience to its students. Initially founded for the education of princes from the royal families and even later, only boys were admitted into the school, but today RKC's doors are open for every worthy student.
Rajkot is famous for providing education to Mahatma Gandhi (Gandhiji), at the Alfred High School. A number of schools in the city are run by Rajkot Municipal Corporation.They include 20 schools and learning centers, which consist of 3 elementary schools, 7 middle schools, 4 junior high schools, 4 senior high schools, 1 education centers, and 1 special school. There are also some self-financed public schools. TGES (the galaxy educational system) is a group of sister schools.
Rajkot also has Union Government HRD Ministry run Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, now shifted to Jamnagar highway premise. Earlier it started at the Juni Khadki school premise of Sir Lakhajiraj High School and later on moved to its own building on the Jamnagar Road. It is CBSE Board affiliated, residential school for girls and boys, providing education to those selected at the Class VI level all India entrance test.
The city is home to Saurashtra University, several colleges, and other institutions of higher education, both public and private. The city has 12 engineering colleges. It has a Performing Arts College (Vocal, Classical dance, Tabla Vadan etc.) opposite Hemu Gadhvi Natya Gruh. The Saurashtra University is the city's public university. It is spread across approximately 410 acres (1.7 km2) of green land with 28 post graduation departments. RK University is the city's only private university. It was also the first private university in Saurashtra region. It offers more than 50 programs in various disciplines and at all levels of higher education from diploma to doctorate degrees. Rajkot is now a growing education hub having many Engineering Colleges/ Study Centers/ Schools / High Schools /Primary & Nursery Centers Etc.
Rajkot is connected to major Indian cities by Air, Railway and Road.
Roads and highways
The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) runs regular buses to and fro from Rajkot to other cities of Gujarat.More than 81000 people travel daily with GSRTC .Rajkot is very well connected with Gujarat State Highways and Rajkot is allocated the vehicle registration code GJ-3 by RTO. There are a number of private bus operators connecting city with other cities of Gujarat state and other states of India
Rail and Internal Transport
Trains for the all the major cities of India are available from here. Rajkot Junction is the more widely used railway station for passenger trains. Its elevation is 128 m above sea level. Its station code is "RJT".
Rajkot Municipal Corporation has restored city bus services with Public Private Partnership in 2007. RMC and a private company is providing around 80 CNG buses under 15 to 20 routes in city and suburbs.
Recently Rajkot BRTS was launched on 1 October 2012. The city of Rajkot is today getting a new Bus Rapid Transit System (BRTS) with launching of the 10-km long Blue corridor and two AC buses which will be free for the first three months. The corridor is located in the west part of the city through the 150 ft ring road connecting Madhapar chokdi on the Jamangar road to Gondal chokdi on the Gondal road. The corridor will host 11 buses in further stage.
Rajkot BRTS Route: The fully completed project in future will have two more corridors - green and red from Arvind Maniyar Nagar to Saurashtra University and Greenland Chowk to Saurashtra University respectively involving 157 buses in three colors. Rajkot thus becomes the second city in Gujarat to have BRTS after Ahmedabad. The city of Surat too is planning an ambitious BRTS project, construction of which is going on presently.
Rajkot has a large number of auto rickshaws, which operate around the clock within the city. Most of these are converted to CNG from petrol or diesel.
Air travel is developing slowly in the city. There are multiple daily flights to Mumbai, served by Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and other carriers. Intermittent services to Ahmedabad and a hopping service to Bhavnagar on the way to Mumbai have been undertaken periodically. Currently Indian Airlines and Jet Airways offer daily flights between Rajkot and Mumbai Airport. A new service planned is for Rajkot-Bhavnagar-Surat route. Another new service planned by Jet Airways to Mumbai and Bangalore would enhance aviation.
Direct Flights from abroad arrive at regional International Airport in Ahmedabad, 216 km away.
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- List of most populous metropolitan areas in India
- Status of Indian cities
- List of cities in India
- List of million-plus cities in India
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- Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC)
- Rajkot Urban Development Authority (RUDA)
- Ranchhoddas Bapu Ashram
- Ramnath Mahadev Temple
- Ishwariya Mahadev Temple
- Panchmukhi Hanuman Temple
- Rajkot travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Rajkot at the Open Directory Project