Rajmala

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Kingdom of Tripura
Part of History of Tripura
Royal flag of Tripura
Kings of Tripura
Dhanya Manikya 1463-1515
Dharma Manikya II 1714-1733
Vijay Manikya II 1743-1760
Krishna Manikya 1760-1761
Rajdhar Manikya 1783-1804
Ramgana Manikya 1804-1809
Durga Manikya 1809-1813
Kashi Chandra 1826-1830
Krishna Kishore 1830-1849
Ishan Chandra 1849-1862
Bir Chandra 1862-1896
Radha Kishore 1896-1909
Birendra Kishore 1909-1923
Bir Bikram Kishore 1923–1947
Kirit Bikram Kishore 1947-1949
Kirit Pradyot Deb Barman 1978-
Tripura monarchy data
Manikya dynasty (Royal family)
Agartala (Capital of the kingdom)
Ujjayanta Palace (Royal residence)
Neermahal (Royal residence)
Rajmala (Royal chronicle)
Tripura Buranji (Chronicle)

Rajmala (Bengali: রাজমালা) is a chronicle of the Kings of Tripura, written in Bengali verse in the 15th century under Dharma Manikya I.[1]

Contents[edit]

Rajmala gives an account of the mythological origin of the kings of Tripura, tracing the genealogy of the ruling king to the Lunar Dynasty as the 149th king since Chandra (the Moon, treated as the founder of the dynasty). It also states that the ancient name of Tripura (Twipra) was Kirat, after the brother of Puru who was banished to the Eastern provinces by his father Yayati.[clarification needed]

Reportedly, the Bengali version was composed by the pandits Sukreshwar and Baneshwar of the royal court based on the recitations by the royal priest Dhurlabhendra Chantai of an oral tradition in the Tripuri language.[citation needed]

Royal genealogy[edit]

The Rajmala presents a list of 149 kings of Twipra as of 1431. The first king of the chronicle is Chandra, the Moon himself; the seventh is Druhyu, one of the sons of Yayati, a Lunar dynasty in mythology. The 46th king is called Tripur (Tripura) as a kind of mythological eponymous ancestor of the Sanskritic name of the kingdom. The list of historical kings begins with the 145th king, Ratna Fa (fl. 1280). He was the first to assume the title Manikya and as such can be considered the founder of the Manikya Dynasty.

Mythological or legendary kings[edit]

Sl. No. Name of King Sl. No. Name of King
1. Chandra 26. Basuman
2. Budh 27. Keerti
3. Pururoba - I 28. Kaniyan
4. Ayu 29. Pratishraba
5. Nahush 30. Pratishtho
6. Yayati 31. Shakrajit (Shatrujit)
7. Druhyu 32. Pratirddan
8. Babhru 33. Pramath
9. Setu 34. Kalinda
10. Anarta 35. Kromo (Krath)
11. Gandhar 36. Mitrari
12. Dharmma (Gharma) 37. Baribarha
13. Dhrita (Ghrita) 38. Karmuk
14. Durmad 39. Kalang (Kalinga)
15. Pracheta 40. Bhishan
16. Parachi(Shata Dharma) 41. Bhanumitra
17. Parabasu 42. Chitrasen (Agha Chitrasen)
18. Parishad 43. Chitrarath
19. Arijit 44. Chitrayudh
20. Sujit 45. Daitya
21. Pururoba - II 46. Tripur
22. Bibarn 47. Subrai (Trilochan)
23. Puru Sen 48. Dakshin
24. Megh Barna 49. Twidakshin
25. Bikarna 50. Sudakshin
Sl. No. Name of King Sl. No. Name of King
51. Tardakshin 76. Muchung Fa (Harihar)
52. Dharmataru (Dharmatar) 77. Maichung Fa (Chandrashekhar)
53. Dharmapal 78. Chandraraj (Tabhuraj or Tarurai)
54. Sadharma (Sudharma) 79. Tarfanai (Tripaly)
55. Tarbong 80. Sumanta
56. Debang 81. Roopabanat (Shretha)
57. Narangita 82. Tarham (Tarhom)
58. Dharmangad 83. Kha Ham (Hariraj)
59. Rukmangad 84. Kotor Fa (Kashiraj)
60. Somangad 85. Kalator Fa (Madhob)
61. Nojugrai (Nogjog) 86. Chandra Fa (Chandraraj)
62. Torjung 87. Gajeshwar
63. Tor Raj (Rajdharma) 88. Beerraj - II
64. Hamraj 89. Nageshwar (Nagpati)
65. Birraj 90. Sikhiraj (Siksharaj)
66. Shriraj 91. Debraj
67. Shriman (Shrimanta) 92. Dhusrang (Durasha or Dhara Ishwar)
68. Lakshmitaru 93. Barkeerti (Birraj or Biraj)
69. Tarlakshmi (Roopban) 94. Sagar Fa
70. Mailakshmi (Lakshmiban) 95. Maloy Chandra
71. Nageshwar 96. Surjyarai (Surjya Narayan)
72. Jogeshwar 97. Achong Fanai (Indra Keerti or Uttang Fani)
73. Ishwar Fa (Neeldhwaj) 98. Beer Singha (Charachar)
74. Rangkhai (Basuraj) 99. Hachung Fa (Achang Fa or Surendra)
75. Dhanraj Fa 100. Bimar
Sl. No. Name of King
101. Kumar
102. Sukumar
103. Twisarao (Beerchandra or Toksarao)
104. Rajyeshwar (Rajeshwar)
105. Nageshwar (Misliraj or Krodheshwar)
106. Twisong Fa (Tejong Fa
107. Narendra
108. Indrakeerti
109. Biman (Paimaraj)
110. Yashoraj
111. Gandhar
112. Gangaraj (Rajganga)
113. Sukurai (Chitrasen or Chhakru Rai)
114. Pratit
115. Misli (Marichi, Malsi or Marusom)
116. Gagan (Kathuk)
117. Keerjit (Noaraj or Nabrai)
  • 118. Hamtor Fa (Jujaru Fa or Himti or Birraj), see also Twipra Era
  • 119. Jangi Fa (Rajendra or Janak Fa)
  • 120. Partha (Debrai or Debraj)
  • 121. Sebrai
  • 122. Durgur Fa (Dankuru Fa, Harirai, Kirit, Adhidharma Fa)
  • 123. Kharung Fa (Kurung Fa, Ramchandra)
  • 124. Sengfanai (Nrisingha, Singhafani)
  • 125. Lalit Rai
  • 126. Mukunda Fa (Kunda Fa)
  • 127. Kamal Rai
  • 128. Krishnadas
  • 129. Jash Fa (Jashoraj)
  • 130. Muchung Fa (Udwab)
  • 131. Sadhu Rai
  • 132. Pratap Rai
  • 133. Vishnuprasad
  • 134. Baneshwar (Baneeshwar)
  • 135. Beerbahu
  • 136. Samrat
  • 137. Champakeshwar (Champa)
  • 138. Meghraj (Megh)
  • 139. Sengkwchak (Dharmadhar)
  • 140. Sengthum Fa (Kirtidhar, Singhatung Fa)
  • 141. Achong Fa (Rajsurjya, Kunjaham Fa)
  • 142. Khichung Fa (Mohon)
  • 143. Dangar Fa (Harirai)
  • 144. Raja Fa

Historical kings[edit]

see List of Tripuri Kings for the post-Rajmala kings.
  • 145. Ratna Fa (Ratna Manikya) fl. 1280
  • 146. Pratap Manikya
  • 147. Mukut Manikya (Mukunda)
  • 148. Maha Manikya
  • 149. Dharma Manikya fl. 1430

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]