|• Mayor||Naresh Dakliya|
|Elevation||307 m (1,007 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, Chhattisgarhi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1023 ♂/♀|
Rajnandgaon (Devnagari राजनांदगाँव) is the primary town of Rajnandgaon District, in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. The population of the city is 163,122 (2011 census). It came into existence on 26 January 1973, by way of division of district Durg. The District headquarters of Rajnandgaon is on the Bombay - Howrah line of southeastern railways. The town is surrounded by ponds and rivers and is known for its small-scale industries and traders. Another name used for the city is Shanskardhani, representing the peacefulness of how the residents live together in religious harmony. National Highway 6 (Great Eastern Road) also passes through the town of Rajnandgaon. The nearest airport is at Mana (Raipur), about 80 km away.
The Rajnandgaon was originally named Nandgram. The Rajnandgaon state was ruled by Somvanshis, Kalchuris and Marathas. The palaces in the town of Rajnandgaon reveal their own tale of the rulers, their society and culture, and the splendid traditions of those times. Rajnandgaon is a major road and rail junction. The city was ruled by a dynasty of Hindu caretakers (mahants) with titles "Vaishnav" and Gond rajas (chiefs). Succession was by adoption. Its foundation is traced to a religious celibate, who came from the Punjab towards the end of the 18th century. From the founder it passed through a succession of chosen disciples until 1879, when the British government recognized the ruler as an hereditary chief and afterwards conferred upon his son the title of Raja Bahadur.
|1865-1883||Mahant Ghasi Das||Married|
|1883-1897||Mahant Balram Das Bahadur||Born in 1866, succeeded 4 November 1883 (#1), title of Raja Bahadur granted on 2 January 1893 as a personal distinction, died 1897.|
|1897-1912||Mahant Rajendra Das Vaishnav|
|1912-unknown||Mahant Sarveshwar Das Vaishnav|
|unknown-1957||Mahant Digvijay Das Vaishnav||Died in 1957|
First ruler [Ghasi Das], was recognized as a feudal chief by the British government in 1865 and was granted a sanad, or right of adoption. Later the British conferred the title of raja to the ruling mahant. One member of the Rajnandgaon royal family, Mr. Kamleshwar Das, who was educated at the Rajkumar College, Raipur and Cambridge University, England served at the U.N.O. and was a prominent Human rights activist in 1960's. Rajnandgaon was the capital of the former Raj Nandgaon princely state, which merged with Durg district. The last ruler of Raj Nandgaon, Mahant Digvijay Das, gave his palace for opening a college that was later named after him as Digvijay Mahavidyalaya.
As of 2011[update] India census, Rajnandgaon had a population of 163,122. Males constitute 50.19% of the population and females 49.81%. Rajnandgaon has an average literacy rate of 76.97%, male literacy is 87.19%, and female literacy is 66.98%.
As of 2001[update] India census, Rajnandgaon had a population of 143,727. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Rajnandgaon had an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 65%. In Rajnandgaon, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Govt. Multipurpose Higher Secondary School (State School), which was established in 1886, is the oldest school in Chhattisgarh.
- There are many English medium schools in Rajnandgaon such as MCI Public School, Balod Road, Haldi, Indian Public School, Yugantar Public School, Neeraj Public School, Gayatri Vidya mandir, Weidner Memorial Senior Secondary School, Wesleyan English Medium School an ICSE board school, the Royal Kids' Convent.
- The rich cultural heritage of the district is highlighted with Indira Sangeet and Kala Vishwavidyalay at Khairagarh, a tehsil head quarter. The university has the distinction of being the only university in music and fine arts in India. The university offers various diplomas, graduate and post graduate courses in vocal and instrumental music, dance forms, fine arts and folk dances. Many colleges offering courses in music and fine arts are affiliated with this university.
- Government Digvijay College is conducted in the former palace of the king of Rajnandgaon, Mahant Raja Digvijay Das. The college was established in 1957 by nandgaon siksha mandal and later handedover to the government: this is one of the oldest colleges in Chhattisgarh. The college offered 17 cources in different subjects. Famous Hindi writer and poet Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Padumlal Punnalal Baxy served here as assistant professor in the Hindi department. Current famous researchers and professors in Digvijay college are Dr. Omkar Lal Shrivastava, Dr. Sumita Shrivastava and Dr. Chandra Kumar Jain. Their research work is published in different international and National journals and they have given lectures on Mathematics of the Vedas, Jain mathematics, and also in economics and medicinal plants. Dr. Omkar Lal Shrivastava was recognized by the Red and White Award in 2004 by the then Governor of Chhattisgarh state, H.H. K.M.Seth. Dr. Chandra Kumar Jain received the Yati Yatan Lal award in 2006 by the President of India, H.H. Dr. Abdul Kalam. department of zoology is the excellence department of college. industrial fish and fisheries, run also under the department of zoology. Dr. sanjay Thiske is completing his research in the fild of limnology and fish production he is continue wring paper in research front which is published from Digvijay College. he is the member of renowned malaria journal.
- Chhattisgarh's first private dental college is located here.
- For engineering studies there is the Chhattishgarh Institute of Technology, where courses in computer science, electronics and telecommunications, and mechanical engineering are offered. There is the Ashoka Institute of Technology and Management, where students can study engineering in mechanical, electronics and telecommunications, computer science and information technology.
- Professional Institute :- Mahobia Campus of Information Technology (MCI). Educating Various IT/Management & Commerce Courses since 1998
- Computer Institute :- Yash Technical Institute Tulsipur Rajnandgaon course offer BCA, DCA, PGDCA, M.Sc.(IT)
- Rajnandgaon also has an Ayurvedic college.
- Other than these special fields, Rajnandgaon has many colleges for studies of science, arts, commerce etc.
Diwali is perhaps the most well-celebrated festivals in the town, it is known as the "festival of lights & crackers" in the honors of Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Ganesha Chaturthi is very joyfully celebrated with Lord Ganesha's idols installed in every corner, every street and every homes, with arrangements for lighting & flower-decoration. Similar to Mumbai Ganpati Visarjan is very popular in Rajnandgaon. Celebrations include "Mohara Mela" (a fair organized on the bank of the river Shivnath), "Bull Run" (a competition of running bulls in festival Pola), and the Mina Bazaar(organised only for a few months in a year) .
There are many temples in the city such as Gayatri Mandir, Sitla Mandir, and Barfaani Ashram
Rajnandgaon railway station is on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. Local trains provides frequent service west to Dongargarh and Nagpur Station, and east to Raipur, while direct express trains are available for New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.
- "census 2011". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "official website of rajnandgaon".
- "Official Website of District Rajnandgaon".
- Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely stastes aur Jamindariyaa. Raipur: Vaibhav Prakashan. ISBN 81-89244-96-5.
- Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes. Delhi: Mansi publication. ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8.
- "census 2001". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raj Nandgaon