Rajnandgaon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Rajnandgaon district.
Rajnandgaon
singh jila
city
Nickname(s): Nandgaon
Rajnandgaon is located in Chhattisgarh
Rajnandgaon
Rajnandgaon
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
Coordinates: 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°E / 21.10; 81.03Coordinates: 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°E / 21.10; 81.03
Country  India
State Chhattisgarh
District Rajnandgaon
Government
 • Mayor Naresh Dakliya
Elevation 307 m (1,007 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 163,122
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Chhattisgarhi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 491441
Telephone code 7744
Vehicle registration CG-08
Sex ratio 1023 /
Website www.rajnandgaon.gov.in

Rajnandgaon (Devnagari राजनांदगाँव) is the primary town of Rajnandgaon District, in the state of Chhattisgarh, India. The population of the city is 163,122 (2011 census).[1] Rajnandgaon district came into existence on 26 January 1973, by way of division of district Durg.[2] The District headquarters of Rajnandgaon is on the Bombay - Howrah line of southeastern railways. National Highway 6 (Great Eastern Road) also passes through the town of Rajnandgaon. The nearest airport is at Mana (Raipur), about 80 km away.

History[edit]

Main article: Nandgaon State

The Rajnandgaon was originally named Nandgram. The Rajnandgaon State was ruled by Somvanshis, Kalchuris and Marathas.[3] The palaces in the town of Rajnandgaon reveal their own tale of the rulers, their society and culture, and the splendid traditions of those times.[2] The city was ruled by a dynasty of Hindu caretakers (mahants) with titles "Vaishnav" and Gond rajas (chiefs). Succession was by adoption. Its foundation is traced to a religious celibate, who came from the Punjab towards the end of the 18th century. From the founder it passed through a succession of chosen disciples until 1879, when the British government recognized the ruler as an hereditary chief it came to be known as princely state of Raj Nandgaon. Afterwards conferred upon his son the title of Raja Bahadur. First ruler Ghasi Das Mahant, was recognized as a feudal chief by the British government in 1865 and was granted a sanad, or right of adoption. Later the British conferred the title of raja to the ruling mahant.[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

Census 2011[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[1] Rajnandgaon had a population of 163,122. Males constitute 50.19% of the population and females 49.81%. Rajnandgaon has an average literacy rate of 76.97%, male literacy is 87.19%, and female literacy is 66.98%.

Census 2001[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Rajnandgaon had a population of 143,727. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Rajnandgaon had an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 65%. In Rajnandgaon, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Language[edit]

Hindi and Chhattisgarhi are main spoken languages in Rajnandgaon.

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

  • Govt. Multipurpose Higher Secondary School (State School), which was established in 1886, is the oldest school in Chhattisgarh.
  • There are many English medium schools in Rajnandgaon such as MCI Public School, Balod Road, Haldi, Yugantar Public School, Neeraj Public School, Gayatri Vidya mandir, Weidner Memorial Senior Secondary School, Wesleyan English Medium School an ICSE board school, the Royal Kids' Convent.

Higher Education[edit]

  • The rich cultural heritage of the district is highlighted with Indira Sangeet and Kala Vishwavidyalay at Khairagarh, a tehsil headquarters. The university has the distinction of being the only university in music and fine arts in India. The university offers various diplomas, graduate and post graduate courses in vocal and instrumental music, dance forms, fine arts and folk dances. Many colleges offering courses in music and fine arts are affiliated with this university.
  • Government Digvijay College is conducted in the former palace of the king of Rajnandgaon, Mahant Raja Digvijay Das. The college was established in 1957 by nandgaon siksha mandal and later handover to the government: this is one of the oldest colleges in Chhattisgarh. The college offered 17 cources in different subjects. Famous Hindi writer and poet Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Padumlal Punnalal Baxy served here as assistant professor in the Hindi department. Current famous researchers and professors in Digvijay college are Dr. Omkar Lal Shrivastava, Dr. Sumita Shrivastava . Their research work is published in different international and National journals and they have given lectures on Mathematics of the Vedas, Jain mathematics, and also in economics and medicinal plants. Dr. Omkar Lal Shrivastava was recognized by the Red and White Award in 2004 by the then Governor of Chhattisgarh state, H.H. K.M.Seth. Dr. Chandra Kumar Jain of Govt. Science College received the Yati Yatan Lal award in 2006 by the hand of President of India, H.H. Dr. Abdul Kalam.
  • Chhattisgarh's first private dental collegeChhattisgarh dental college and research institute is located .
  • Eight Engineering college are located in Rajnandgaon district.For engineering studies there is the Chhattishgarh Institute of Technology, Yugantar Institute of Technology,etc. where courses in computer science, electronics and telecommunications, and mechanical engineering are offered. There is the Ashoka Institute of Technology and Management, where students can study engineering in mechanical, electronics and telecommunications, computer science and information technology.
  • Rajnandgaon also has an Ayurvedic college.
  • Dr. CV Raman University Infor. Centre :- Yash Technical Institute Tulsipur, Rajnandgaon courses BCA, DCA, PGDCA,M.Sc(IT)
  • Other than these special fields, Rajnandgaon has many colleges for studies of science, arts, commerce etc.

Sports[edit]

The International Hockey Stadium (Rajnandgaon) which is Chhattisgarh's first international astroturf hockey stadium is spread over an area of nearly 9.5 acres, and built at an estimated cost of 22 crores was dedicated to public on 17 January 2014 by state Governor Shekhar Dutt and chief minister Raman Singh.[7]

Culture[edit]

Main festivals[edit]

Diwali is perhaps the most well-celebrated festivals in the town, it is known as the "festival of lights & crackers" in the honors of Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. Ganesha Chaturthi is very joyfully celebrated with Lord Ganesha's idols installed in every corner, every street and every homes, with arrangements for lighting & flower-decoration. Similar to Mumbai Ganpati Visarjan is very popular in Rajnandgaon. Celebrations include "Mohara Mela" (a fair organized on the bank of the river Shivnath), "Bull Run" (a competition of running bulls in festival Pola), and the Mina Bazaar(organised only for a few months in a year) .

Temples[edit]

There are many temples in the city such as Gayatri Mandir, Sitla Mandir, and Barfaani Ashram

Geography[edit]

Rajnandgaon is located at 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°E / 21.10; 81.03[8] in Chhattishgarh. It has an average elevation of 307 . metres (1010 feet).

Web portals[edit]

Internet penetration is gaining pace in Rajnandgaon.

Website name URL Notes
Rajnandgaon - Government Website http://rajnandgaon.gov.in/ Official government website for the city. Land records and other e-governance projects are available from here.
QuickSearch http://www.myquicksearch.in Local search service provider in the city
Rajnandgaon - Zila Panchayat Website http://zprajnandgaon.gov.in/ Official website of the Zila Panchayat of Rajnandgaon

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Rajnandgaon railway station is on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. Local trains provides frequent service west to Dongargarh and Nagpur Station, and east to Raipur, while direct express trains are available for all the metros New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, and Pune.

Bus[edit]

Rajnandgaon has two bus stands, Old Bus Stand and New Bus Stand. Bus connectivity is good for transportation to nearby cities and villages, however long distance bus connectivity is practically non-existent.

Air[edit]

Nearest Airport is Swami Vivekananda Airport which is situated at Raipur and is 87 km away.

Notable people[edit]

Rajnandgaon is associated with many famous political leaders.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "census 2011". Retrieved 29 January 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  2. ^ a b "official website of rajnandgaon". 
  3. ^ "Official Website of District Rajnandgaon". 
  4. ^ Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely stastes aur Jamindariyaa. Raipur: Vaibhav Prakashan. ISBN 81-89244-96-5. 
  5. ^ Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes. Delhi: Mansi publication. ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8. 
  6. ^ "census 2001". Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  7. ^ Astro turf hockey stadium inaugurated in Chhattisgarh
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raj Nandgaon

External links[edit]