Rajputs of Gujarat

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Rajputs of Gujarat
Languages
KutchiGujaratiEnglish
Religion
Hinduism
Related ethnic groups
Indo-Aryan peopleRajputsSindhi Rajputs

The Rajputs are a historically important part of the Hindu population of the state of Gujarat in India. Parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra (country ruled or protected by the Gurjars) or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries prior to the Mughal period.[1]

The four prominent clans to emerge in the post-Gupta period - Chauhans, Paramaras, Pratiharas and Solankis — all claimed their mythological origin to have been from a sacrificial fire at Mount Abu, near the border with Gujarat. The Gurjara-Pratihara imperial dynasty ruled over much of Northern India between mid-7th century to the 11th century and played a crucial part in the Battle of Rajasthan.

A Jadeja Chief in Kutchi attire during the reign of Maharao Deshalji II, 1838.

Rajputana meaning “Land of the Rajputs[2] was a historical region that included present day Indian state of Rajasthan and parts of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat,[2] and Pakistan.[3] A Jadeja dynasty ruled the princely state of Kutch between 1540 and 1948, at which time India became a republic. Among other territories or princely states ruled by Jadeja Rajputs before independence of India, were Dhrol[4] Gondal,[5] Morvi,[6] Nawanagar,[7] Rajkot,[8] and Virpur.[9]

The Jethwa of Gujarat are a Rajput clan that claim descent from Makardhwaja, son of Hanuman, who appears in the Hindu epic Ramayana. They are a branch of the Suryavanshi Rajput clan and are one of the oldest clans found in Rajput history.[10][11][12][13][14] Further, it is said that Muslim governors of Sindh in 8th century repeatedly sent naval armed ships to conquer the western and southern coast of Gujarat, which were again and again repulsed by the "Saindhavas" who called themselves "masters of the Western sea" (apara-samudr-ddhipati). It has been suggested that the Saindhava ruling family is now represented by the Jethwa Rajputs.[11][15]

There are also the Kathi Darbar, Karadiya Rajputs, Jinkara, and Nadoda Rajputs, especially in the Kathiawar and Kutch regions.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ramesh Chandra Majumdar; Achut Dattatrya Pusalker; A. K. Majumdar; Dilip Kumar Ghose; Vishvanath Govind Dighe; Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan (1977). The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 153. 
  2. ^ a b "Rajputana". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  3. ^ "Rajput". Encyclopædia Britannica. 
  4. ^ Gazetteers: Jamnagar District, Gujarat (India) - 1970 - Page 614 Before the integration of States, Dhrol was a Class II State founded by Jam Hardholji, the brother of Jam Raval, who hailed from the ruling Jadeja Rajput family of Kutch.
  5. ^ Gazetteer , Volume 8. Government Central Press, Bombay (India). 1884. pp. 61, 444. 
  6. ^ Rajkot. India. Superintendent of Census Operations, Gujarat. 1964. pp. 45–46. 
  7. ^ Indian Princely Medals: A Record of the Orders, Decorations, and Medals of ... By Tony McClenaghan. 1996. p. 207. 
  8. ^ Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey edited by Arnold Wright. 1922. p. 722. 
  9. ^ Gazetteers: Rajkot District. Directorate of Government Print., Stationery and Publications. 1965. p. 36. 
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference a was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference Z was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ The annals and antiquities of Rajastʾhan: or the central and western Rajpoot states of India
  13. ^ Cite error: The named reference c was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ [1] Gujarat, Part 3 By Kumar Suresh Singh, Rajendra Behari Lal, Anthropological Survey of India.
  15. ^ [2] Ancient India by Ramesh Chandra Majumdar 1964
  16. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Three edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 1173-1180