Raleigh County, West Virginia
|Raleigh County, West Virginia|
Location in the state of West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Sir Walter Raleigh|
|• Total||609 sq mi (1,577 km2)|
|• Land||607 sq mi (1,572 km2)|
|• Water||2 sq mi (5 km2), 0.40%|
|• Density||129/sq mi (50/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Raleigh County was formed on January 23, 1850 from portions of Fayette County, then a part of Virginia.
Alfred Beckley (1802–1888) said he gave Raleigh County its name in honor of Sir Walter Raleigh (1552–1618), the “enterprising and far-seeing patron of the earliest attempts to colonize our old Mother State of Virginia,” according to Raleigh County: West Virginia by Jim Wood.
The county was the scene in 1914 of the Eccles Mine Disaster, the second-worst coal mining disaster in West Virginia history. The death toll was at least 180. More recently, the Upper Big Branch Mine disaster of 2010, which killed 29, also occurred in Raleigh County.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 609 square miles (1,578 km²), of which 607 square miles (1,572 km²) is land and 2 square miles (6 km²) (0.40%) is water.
- Kanawha County (north)
- Fayette County (northeast)
- Summers County (east)
- Mercer County (southeast)
- Wyoming County (southwest)
- Boone County (northwest)
||Boone County||Kanawha County||Fayette County|
|Wyoming County||Mercer County|
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 79,220 people, 31,793 households, and 22,096 families residing in the county. The population density was 130 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 35,678 housing units at an average density of 59 per square mile (23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.63% White, 8.52% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. This number is around 0.3% based on a 2006 Census Estimate by the U.S. Census Bureau
There were 31,793 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.88.
In the county, the population was spread out with 21.50% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,181, and the median income for a family was $35,315. Males had a median income of $33,000 versus $20,672 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,233. About 14.60% of families and 18.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.70% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
Incorporated cities and towns
Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Raleigh County. A complete listing is available here
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Raleigh County, West Virginia
- New River Coalfield
- Little Beaver State Park
- Upper Big Branch mine explosion
- Winding Gulf Coalfield
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Wood, Jim (1994). Raleigh County: West Virginia. BJW Printing & Office Supplies, Beckley, W. Va. 91.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved August 27, 2013.
Raleigh County Links
- Beckley-Raleigh County Chamber of Commerce
- Raleigh County Government
- Raleigh County Board of Education
- History of Raleigh County Flag