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Ralph Benatzky (5 June 1884, (Mährisch) Budwitz (Czech: Moravské Budějovice)), Moravia, Austrian Empire – 16 October 1957), born in Moravské Budějovice as Rudolf Josef František Benatzki, was an Austrian composer of Czech origin (when Benatzky was born Bohemia was part of the Austrian empire, Benatzky mostly worked in Vienna). He composed operas and operettas, such as Casanova (1928), Die drei Musketiere (1929), Im weißen Rössl (1930), and Meine Schwester und ich (1930). He died in Zürich, Switzerland.
Benatzky is often mistakenly referred to as Jewish due to an error published in a book of Jewish musicians during World War II. Benatzky himself was not Jewish, but he was twice married to Jewish women: Josma Selim, a singer (Hedwig Josma Fischer; born 1884 in Wien; died 1929 in Berlin) and Melanie "Mela" Hoffmann, a dancer.
^Theo Stengel, Herbert Gerigk: Lexikon der Juden in der Musik. Mit einem Titelverzeichnis jüdischer Werke. Zusammmengestellt im Auftrag der Reichsleitung der NSDAP auf Grund behördlich, parteiamtlich geprüfter Unterlagen. Hahnefeld, Berlin 1940. There were entrances for both women, but not one for Ralph Benatzky.
^Michael H. Kater: The Twisted Music. Musicians and Their Music in the Third Reich. Oxford University Press, New York 1999.