Ralph Brown Draughon was born in Hartford, Alabama in 1899. He graduated from Alabama Polytechnic Institute, now known as Auburn University, with a B.S. in 1922 and an M.S. in 1929. He was a member of the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity. In 1931, he became an Assistant Professor of History and Political Science at Auburn.
A library at Auburn University has been named after him.