Ralph Everard Gonsalves
|Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines|
28 March 2001
|Governor General||Charles Antrobus
Monica Dacon (acting)
|Preceded by||Arnhim Eustace|
|Leader of the Unity Labour Party|
6 December 1998
|Preceded by||Vincent Beache|
|Member of Parliament
for North Central Windward
8 August 1946 |
Colonarie, Saint Vincent, British Windward Islands
|Political party||Unity Labour Party|
Ralph Everard Gonsalves or "Uncle Ralph" (born 8 August 1946), also known as "Comrade Ralph", is the Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and leader of the Unity Labour Party (ULP). Gonsalves became Prime Minister after his party won a majority government in the 2001 general election. He is the first Prime Minister from the newly constructed ULP, following a merger of the Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Labour Party and the Movement for National Unity.
Gonsalves has been Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of North Central Windward since 1994. In 1994, upon the formation of the Unity Labour Party he became deputy leader, and became leader of the party in 1998.
Early life and education
Gonsalves was born in Colonarie, Saint Vincent, British Windward Islands to Theresa (née Francis) and Alban Gonsalves. He attended Colonarie Roman Catholic School, and later the St Vincent Grammar School. Gonsalves then enrolled at the University of the West Indies, where he completed a bachelor's degree in economics. He later returned there to earn a master's degree in government, which he completed in 1971. In 1974 he completed a PhD in government at the University of Manchester. Gonsalves was called to the degree of utter barrister at Gray’s Inn in London in 1981.
Gonsalves became involved in politics at university, as president of the University of West Indies' Guild of Undergraduates and Debating Society. In 1968 Gonsalves led a student protest of the deportation of historian and intellectual Walter Rodney by the Jamaican government.
In 1994 Gonsalves became the deputy leader of the ULP. After the resignation of Vincent Beache, Gonsalves became leader of the party in 1998. Gonsalves later led the ULP to win the 2001 general election, becoming prime minister. Gonsalves' ULP was re-elected in the 2005 general election. In the 2010 general election, Gonsalves and the ULP were narrowly re-elected with 51.11% of the popular vote.
In 2009 Gonsalves and the ULP led a referendum campaign in favour of constitutional reform that would have abolished the country's constitutional monarchy, replacing Elizabeth II with a non-executive president. The referendum was defeated, with 55.64% of voters rejecting the changes.
Gonsavles is married to Eloise Harris. He has three sons, Camillo, Adam and Storm, and two daughters, Isis and Soleil. He has fathered another child out of wedlock and the mother lived for the first year of the child's life in Canada until she was deported recently from Canada for being undocumented. While in Canada the mother and baby were financially supported by the Prime Minister.
Allegations of sexual misconduct
In February 2008 a policewoman raised allegations that earlier that year she was sexually assaulted by Gonsalves. Gonsalves denied the allegations, characterising them as "political manipulation". Saint Vincent and the Grenadines' Director of Public Prosecutions did not prosecute of the case, saying "the claim was determined to be groundless and lacked medical or genetic evidence."   Williams'[who?] decision was later upheld by a high court judge.
In May 2008 the Toronto Star reported human rights lawyer Margaret Parsons alleged that Gonsalves assaulted her and attempted to have sex with her five years earlier. Gonsalves categorically denied the accusations.
- Diary of a Prime Minister: Ten days among Benedictine Monks
- The Making of 'the Comrade': The Political Journey of Ralph Gonsalves
- The spectre of imperialism: the case of the Caribbean (University of the West Indies; 128 pages, 1976)
- The non-capitalist path of development: Africa and the Caribbean (One Caribbean Publishers; 1981)
- History and the future: a Caribbean perspective (169 pages, 1994)
- Notes on some basic ideas in Marxism-Leninism (University of the West Indies; 56 pages)
- The Rodney affair and its aftermath (University of the West Indies; 21 pages, 1975)
- The development and class character of the bourgeois state: the case of St. Vincent (University of the West Indies; 15 pages, 1976)
- Controls and influences on the civil service and statutory bodies in the Commonwealth Caribbean: a preliminary discussion (University of the West Indies; 67 pages, 1977)
- The development of the labour movement in St. Vincent (37 pages, 1977)
- Who killed sugar in St. Vincent? (United Liberation Movement; 21 pages, 1977)
- On the political economy of Barbados (One Caribbean Publishers; 49 pages, 1981)
- The trade union movement in St. Vincent and the Grenadines (Movement for National Unity; 64 pages, 1983)
- Ebenezer Joshua: his ideology and style (Movement for National Unity; 39 pages, 1984)
- (editor) The trial of George McIntosh (Caribbean Diaspora Press; 80 pages, 1985)
- Authority in the police force: its uses and abuses (Movement for National Unity; 45 pages, 1986)
- Banana in trouble: its present and future (Movement for National Unity; 22 pages, 1989)
|Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines