Ralph H. Johnson

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This article is about the marine. For the philosopher, see Ralph Johnson (philosopher).
Ralph Henry Johnson
Johnson RH.jpg  A light blue neck ribbon with a gold star shaped medallion hanging from it. The ribbon is similar in shape to a bowtie with 13 white stars in the center of the ribbon.
Born (1949-01-11)January 11, 1949
Charleston, South Carolina
Died March 5, 1968(1968-03-05) (aged 19)
KIA in Vietnam
Place of burial Beaufort National Cemetery South Carolina
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1967-1968
Rank Private First Class
Unit 1st Reconnaissance Battalion
Battles/wars Vietnam War
Awards Medal of Honor
Purple Heart

Ralph Henry Johnson (January 11, 1949 – March 5, 1968) was a United States Marine who posthumously received the Medal of Honor for heroism in March 1968 during the Vietnam War. When a hand grenade was thrown into his fighting hole, he immediately covered it with his body—absorbing the full impact of the blast—sacrificing his life to save a fellow Marine and preventing the enemy from penetrating his patrol perimeter.

Biography[edit]

Ralph Johnson was born on January 11, 1949, in Charleston, South Carolina. He attended Courtnay Elementary School and Simonton Jr. High School in Charleston, South Carolina.

Johnson enlisted in the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve at Oakland, California on March 23, 1967, and was discharged to enlist in the regular Marine Corps on July 2, 1967.

Upon completion of recruit training with the 1st Recruit Training Battalion, Recruit Training Regiment, MCRD San Diego, California, in September 1967, he was transferred to the Camp Pendleton, California. He underwent individual combat training with Company Y, 3rd Battalion, 2nd Infantry Regiment, and basic infantry training with the Basic Infantry Training Company, 2nd Infantry Training Regiment, completing the latter in November 1967. He was promoted to private first class on November 1, 1967.

In January 1968, he arrived in the Republic of Vietnam, and served as a reconnaissance scout with Company A, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division.

On March 5, 1968, while on Operation Rock, deep in enemy-held territory near the Quan Duc Valley, his 15-man reconnaissance patrol was attacked by a platoon-sized enemy force. When a hand grenade landed in the fighting hole he shared with fellow Marines, he yelled a warning and immediately hurled his body over the explosive charge. Absorbing the full impact of the blast, he was killed instantly. His heroic actions on that day were recognized with a posthumous award of the United States' highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor.

Ralph H. Johnson is buried in the Beaufort National Cemetery in South Carolina.[1]

Decorations and honors[edit]

Military decorations[edit]

A complete list of his medals and decorations includes: the Medal of Honor, the Purple Heart, the National Defense Service Medal, the Vietnam Service Medal with two bronze stars, the Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm, the Vietnamese Military Merit Medal, and the Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal.

A light blue ribbon with five white five pointed stars
Bronze star
Bronze star
Medal of Honor
Purple Heart National Defense Service Medal Vietnam Service Medal with two bronze stars
Vietnam Military Merit Medal Vietnam Gallantry Cross with palm Vietnam Campaign Medal

Honors[edit]

The Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center in Charleston, South Carolina, formerly the Charleston VA Medical Center, was renamed in honor of PFC Johnson, with a formal dedication on September 5, 1991.[2][3] Johnson's Medal of Honor, along with his Medal of Honor citation and a portrait of him, is framed and on public display at the Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center's front lobby.

On February 15, 2012, the Navy announced that a new Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyer would be named the USS Ralph Johnson (DDG-114) in his honor.[4]

Johnson's name is inscribed on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial ("The Wall") in Washington, D.C. on Panel 43E, Line 008.[5]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

The President of the United States takes pride in presenting the MEDAL OF HONOR posthumously to

PRIVATE FIRST CLASS RALPH H. JOHNSON
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS

for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a reconnaissance scout with Company A, First Reconnaissance Battalion, First Marine Division in action against the North Vietnamese Army and Viet Cong forces in the Republic of Vietnam. In the early morning hours of March 5, 1968, during OPERATION ROCK, First Class Johnson was a member of a fifteen-man reconnaissance patrol manning an observation post on Hill 146 overlooking the Quan Duc Valley deep in enemy controlled territory. They were attacked by a platoon-size hostile force employing automatic weapons, satchel charges and hand grenades. Suddenly a hand grenade landed in the three- man fighting hole occupied by Private First Class Johnson and two fellow Marines. Realizing the inherent danger to his comrades, he shouted a warning and unhesitatingly hurled himself upon the explosive device. When the grenade exploded, Private First Class Johnson absorbed the tremendous impact of the blast and was killed instantly. His prompt and heroic act saved the life of one Marine at the cost of his own and undoubtedly prevented the enemy from penetrating his sector of the patrol's perimeter. Private First Class Johnson's courage inspiring valor and selfless devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the United States Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.[6]

/S/ RICHARD M. NIXON

See also[edit]

Noted[edit]

  1. ^ "Ralph H. Johnson". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-10-25. 
  2. ^ "PFC Ralph H. Johnson, USMC — Charleston VAMC". Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  3. ^ "Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center". Facilities and Locator Directory. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  4. ^ http://www.staradvertiser.com/news/breaking/Navy_destroyers_named_after_Hawaii_heros.html?id=139381193
  5. ^ "Ralph Henry Johnson, USMC", Virtual Wall.
  6. ^ "PFC Ralph H. Johnson", Marines Awarded the Medal of Honor.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.

Further reading[edit]

  • Greene, Robert Ewell (1974). Black Defenders of America, 1775-1973. Chicago: Johnson Publishing Company, Inc. 

External links[edit]

  • Botch, Robert E. (January 1998). "PFC Ralph Johnson, USMC". Political Science Department, University of South Carolina-Aiken. Retrieved 2006-04-16.