|Francis Ralph Hay Murray|
|Born||3 March 1908|
|Died||11 September 1983(aged 75)|
|Alma mater||St Edmund Hall, Oxford|
|Title||Director, Information Research Department (1949-)
British Minister, Cairo (c.1956-)
British Ambassador to Greece (1962-1967)
Governor of the BBC (1967-)
|Spouse(s)||Mauricette Vladimira Marie Reichsgräfin von Kuenburg|
|Children||Ingram, Nicholas, Georgina and Simon|
|Parents||Revd. Charles Murray & Mabel Umfreville|
|Relatives||Al Murray (grandson)|
Background and education
A member of Clan Murray headed by the Duke of Atholl, he was the son of the Reverend Charles Murray, Rector of Kirby Knowle, Yorkshire, and Mabel (née Umfreville). He was the great-grandson of the Right Reverend George Murray, Bishop of Rochester, while the actor Stephen Murray was his younger brother. He was educated at Brentwood School and St Edmund Hall, Oxford. His father died in 1919 in the Spanish flu pandemic.
Murray was a talented linguist, he spoke many languages fluently including French, German, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and some Russian. Before the Second World War he worked for the BBC as a journalist, having previously worked for a Bristol newspaper. In 1935 he reported the Saarland Plebiscite - and succeeded in broadcasting live during the 9 o'clock news holding a microphone out of the window to capture the chants of the mob - a major technical feat, and possibly the first time an international live outside broadcast had been undertaken. In common with many on the periphery of Special Operations Executive (SOE), knowledge of his wartime service is hazy. He was most closely associated with propaganda, and from 1941 was a member of the Underground Propaganda Committee (UPC) which had been formed to fuel a whispering campaign to undermine any invasion. He was also associated with Bletchley Park, and was involved in supporting resistance activity, notably, from 1943, of the Yugoslavian Partisans where he met Josip Broz Tito. His wife Mauricette was involved in propaganda broadcasting to occupied Europe, notably to Sweden where she had spent several years as a child.
In 1949 he became the director of the Information Research Department (IRD), This organisation, which had close links with SIS/MI6, was formed by Attlee in 1947 to carry on the work of the wartime "Political Warfare Executive", itself closely affiliated with SOE. At that time the intention was to promote a socialist Britain as an international third way, although in practice its resources were mainly devoted to attacking Communism and the Soviet Union. During this time Murray coined the phrase "Communo-fascism" to emphasise the similarity between Soviet communism and the Nazis.
In a pattern that was later to be repeated, Murray was appointed Minister at the British Embassy in Cairo in Egypt during the tense run up to the Suez crisis in 1956. Personally fond of, and having some admiration for, President Nasser, he found himself in the invidious situation of having considerable distaste for the policy he was required to implement.
Murray was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in 1962, when he was appointed British Ambassador to Greece in 1962. He held this post until 1967 and the right wing coup of the Greek army Colonels which led to the formation of the Greek military junta of 1967-1974. He appears to have been frustrated with the passivity of the British government's actions both in the lead up to the coup of which there was some intelligence foreknowledge, and its ineffectual response. In particular he had little regard for George Brown, the then Foreign Secretary. He retired from the diplomatic service in 1967, when he was appointed a BBC governor.
Murray married Mauricette Vladimira Marie Reichsgräfin von Kuenburg, an Austrian aristocrat, in 1935. They had four children; Ingram, Nicholas, Georgina and Simon. Comedian Al Murray is his grandson. Murray died in 1983.
- "Ralph Murray (JPEG Image, 400×302 pixels)". psywar.org. 2007. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
- Lundy, Darryl (2012). "Sir Francis Ralph Hay Murray". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
- Crook, Tim, International radio journalism: History, Theory and Practice
- Richards, Lee (2012). "Whispers of War - The British World War II rumour campaign". psywar.org. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
- PRO/FO 1110/191 PR704/14/G Murray to Warner 5 August 1940 Warner note 7
- Maragkou, Konstantina (2012). "British reactions to the "rape of Greek democracy"". London School of Economics & Political Science Hellenic Observatory. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
|British Ambassador to Greece
Sir Michael Stewart