# Ralph René

Ralph René
Born August 24, 1933
Died December 10, 2008 (aged 75)
Nationality American
Education Self-taught
Notable work(s) The Last Skeptic of Science (aka MENSA Lectures);
NASA Mooned America!

ralphrene.com

Ralph René (August 24, 1933 – December 10, 2008) was an American conspiracy theorist, small press publisher and inventor. René was a vocal proponent of the Apollo Moon landing hoax theory. René's last self-published work, a pamphlet he distributed called WTC Lies and Fairy Tales, details his beliefs that the U.S. government was responsible for the September 11 attacks.[1]

René appeared frequently in shows produced by The History Channel, National Geographic Channel, Fox television and Showtime. In one such show, The Truth Behind the Moon Landings: Stranger Than Fiction, journalist and former NASA employee James Oberg referred to René and other Moon landing hoax proponents as cultural vandals.[2] René reacted onscreen with amusement and stated that he liked the characterization. René was also featured in an episode of Penn & Teller: Bullshit! covering conspiracy theories.[3] René was introduced as a physicist on the 2001 Fox documentary, Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land on the Moon?,[4] and had the designation "Author/Scientist" under his picture. However, René admitted in his biography that he did not hold a degree from any university[5] and always referred to himself as "self-taught."

## Apollo Moon landing

His 1992 self-published book, NASA Mooned America!, details why he felt that the Apollo Moon landings were faked and actually produced from a closed studio.

Some of his main arguments were that:

• Astronauts could not have survived the radiation that they would have been exposed to while passing through the Van Allen radiation belt.[6]
• That photos taken on the Moon do not show stars in the background.
• That video shows wind blowing the U.S. flag on the Moon although the Moon has no atmosphere.
• That the letter "C" is visible on a rock in a photo which indicates it was a Hollywood sound stage prop.
• The gloves on the Apollo space suits would have expanded in the vacuum of space to the point where they would be immobile.
• Who put the camera on the ground in front of the lunar lander to show Neil Armstrong stepping down the ladder for the first step on the Moon?
• The shaded side of objects are not dark due to three point lighting in a studio.

## Other beliefs

In addition to contending that NASA never sent astronauts to the Moon, René also proposes:

René addressed most of these issues in his self-published book, The Last Skeptic of Science (1995). The original title of the book, MENSA Lectures (1990), resulted in a lawsuit against him by Mensa who felt he was misappropriating the name of their organization and using it to suggest they backed his beliefs.

## Personal life

René referred to himself as an "extra bright kid from the slums." After attending Rutgers University for a time, he dropped out and went to work as a carpenter and millwright. He then continued to pursue his personal interests in structural and mechanical engineering, physics, writing and inventing. René held two patents for simple mechanical tools.[8][9] He maintained a website that archived many of his past columns and essays on a wide variety of subjects.

## Bibliography

### Books

#### Non-fiction

• René, Ralph; (as René) (1990). MENSA Lectures. Illustrations by Subi. Matlacha, FL: René. OCLC 21209369.
• ——; (as René) (1994). Lucas, Stu, ed. NASA Mooned America!. Drawings by Chris Wolfer. Passaic, NJ: René. OCLC 36317224.
• ——; (as René) (1998) [First published 1995 (formerly MENSA Lectures (1990))]. Lucas, Stu; Hughes, Ed, eds. The Last Skeptic of Science: "The Book Mensa Tried To Stop". Final edit by Steve Krisocki (1995 edition); Illustrations by Subi (Revised ed.). Passaic, NJ: René. OCLC 37029845.

#### Fiction

• René, Ralph. A Case of the Jitters.
• ——. A Case of the Missing Members.
• ——. Husa 1.
• ——. Husa 2.

### Pamphlets

• René, Ralph; (as René) (2000). ON SQUARING THE CIRCLE & The new π it brings!: Exploring Dan W. Gaddy's Quadrature of the Circle (Pamphlet). René.
• —— (2002). WTC Lies and Fairy Tales (Pamphlet). René.