Ralph de Toledano
Ralph de Toledano (born Tangiers, Morocco, August 14, 1916 – died Bethesda, Maryland, February 3, 2007) was a major figure in the conservative movement in the United States throughout the second half of the 20th century.
 Early years
His interests quickly shifted from music to politics, however, as he became involved in the Socialist Party of America and became youth leader of the avowedly anticommunist "Old Guard" faction led by Louis Waldman. The Old Guard left the Socialist Party in 1936. He graduated from Columbia University in 1938. Toledano became editor of their magazine, The New Leader, succeeding James Oneal.
 Journalistic career
Pursuing a career in journalism, Toledano was for almost 20 years on the editorial board of Newsweek, and was among the founders of National Review in 1955. His differences with his conservative colleagues became very pronounced before long, first in 1960 when Toledano dissented from the other National Review editors when they endorsed Richard Nixon over Barry Goldwater.
Years later when Nixon became president, Toledano was particularly close to the administration, in a rivalry with Daniel Patrick Moynihan over the privilege of being named guru of Nixon's domestic policies, which conservatives both supporting and opposing them characterized as a kind of Tory socialism. Moynihan's victory in this struggle was likely a key moment in the rise of neoconservatism.
Never straying far from his first passion of music, Toledano distinguished himself as an avid scholar of jazz. During the latter half of his long career at National Review, he was relegated to writing a music review column, on account of his growing variance with the direction of American conservatism. He also wrote about music a good deal for The American Conservative during his last years.
Toledano held forth until the end of his life at the National Press Club, where in 2005 he succeeded John Cosgrove as National Press Club American Legion Post No. 20 commander.
Toledano's last book, Cry Havoc: The Great American Bring-down and How It Happened was published in 2006, shortly before his 90th birthday. National Review founder William F. Buckley, Jr. said about it: "Cry Havoc! is must reading ... writing at Ralph de Toledano's best" which "focuses on the historical and the contemporary, casting a sharp light on the players and the events of our deeply troubled times." Professor Paul Gottfried wrote that "Toledano uncovers continuities between the Frankfurt School's conspiracy and the rampant cultural terrorism in America."
 Death and legacy
Ralph de Toledano died February 3, 2007, aged 90.
- Seeds of Treason (with Victor Lasky) (New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1950)
- Spies, Dupes, and Diplomats (New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1952)
- Nixon (New York: Holt, 1956)
- Lament for a Generation (New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1960)
- The Winning side, the Case for Goldwater Republicanism (New York: Putnam, 1963)
- The Greatest Plot in History (New York; Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1963)
- RFK, the Man Who Would Be President (New York: Putnam, 1967)
- One Man Alone (New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1969)
- J. Edgar Hoover (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1973)
- Let Our Cities Burn (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1975)
- Hit and Run (New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1975)
- The Apocrypha of Limbo (Gretna, LA: Pelican, 1994)
- Notes from the Underground (Washington: Regnery, 1997)
- Cry Havoc: The Great American Bring-down and How It Happened (New York: Anthem, 2006)
- Day of Reckoning (New York: Holt, 1955)
- Devil Take Him (New York: Putnam, 1979)
- Poems, You and I (Gretna, LA: Pelican, 1978)
- Frontiers of Jazz (New York: O. Durrell, 1947)
- Satchmo at the National Press Club: Red Beans and Rice-ly Yours: Louis Armstrong, Tyree Glenn, Tommy Gwaltney (Smithsonian Folkways Special Series, 1972) - linear notes for recording
- "Satchmo at the National Press Club: Red Beans and Rice-ly Yours". Smithsonian Folkways. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- "Amy Henderson: Satchmo at the National Press Club". Smithsonian - Around the Mall. 24 April 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
- Interview with Ralph de Toledano.
- American Music: Classical, Popular, & Jazz
- Online Archive of California Register of the Ralph De Toledano Papers, 1940–1971