Ramón González Valencia

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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is González and the second or maternal family name is Valencia.
Ramón González Valencia
Ramon G. Valencia.jpg
6th President of Colombia
In office
August 4, 1909 – August 7, 1910
Preceded by Jorge Holguín
Succeeded by Carlos Eugenio Restrepo
4th Vice President of Colombia
In office
August 7, 1904 – March 10, 1905
President Rafael Reyes
Preceded by José Manuel Marroquín
Succeeded by Humberto De la Calle
Minister of War
In office
March 28, 1901 – July 11, 1901
President José Manuel Marroquín
Preceded by José Domingo Ospina
Succeeded by Pedro Nel Ospina
Personal details
Born (1851-05-24)May 24, 1851
Chitagá, Pamplona, Republic of New Granada
Died October 3, 1928(1928-10-03) (aged 77)
Pamplona, North Santander, Colombia
Nationality Colombian
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Antonia Ferrero Atalaya
Alma mater Our Lady of the Rosary University
Occupation Farmer (Livestock), Soldier (General), Statesman
Profession Lawyer
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Allegiance Colombia (Conservative party)
Service/branch Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Colombian Civil War of 1876
Colombian Civil War of 1895
Thousand Days War

Ramón González Valencia (May 24, 1851 – October 3, 1928) was a Colombian conservative, military officer and statesman. He participated in the civil wars of 1876, Colombian Civil War of 1895, and the Thousand Days War.[1]

Biographic data[edit]

González Valencia was born in the town of Chitagá, Santander del Norte, on May 24, 1851.[1] He died in the city of Pamplona, North Santander, on October 3, 1928.[2]

Military career[edit]

Although González Valencia was a young farmer, working in agriculture and cattle rising, he enlisted in the military during the civil wars of the time. His military career began in 1876, at the battle of “Hatogrande”, the conservative revolt against President Aquileo Parra.[1]

Later, González Valencia, during the liberal revolt against President Miguel Antonio Caro, in 1895, once again he enlists in the national army to fight for his conservative beliefs. He repeated this same action during the civil war of “the Thousand Days”. Throughout his military career he was highly regarded for his courageous and compassionate attitude. He was ascended to the rank of General of the Army.[1]

González Valencia also held the offices of “Jefe Civil y Militar” (Military Governor) of Santander Department and Minister of War during the administration of President José Manuel Marroquín, in 1901.[1]

The Presidency[edit]

González Valencia, in 1904, was chosen by the Colombian Conservative Party to be the running mate of Rafael Reyes as his vice-president. The Colombian Liberal Party abstained from participating in the presidential election of this year, and both Reyes and González Valencia won the election.[1] Nevertheless, and soon after the election, their ideological differences became apparent. González Valencia was a right wing conservative and Reyes was a moderate.[3]

General Reyes, who was politically more ambitious than General González Valencia, could not forget the events of July 31, 1900, when Vice-President José Manuel Marroquín, with the aid of the military and the conservative party, had removed for m office President Manuel Antonio Sanclemente.[1] Because President Rafael Reyes had opened the doors to a dialogue with the liberals, this made the conservatives very suspicious. Because General González Valencia was highly appreciated by both, the Army and the conservative party, this made General Reyes very uncomfortable.[3] Thus, General Reyes had to contrive a plan to remove General González Valencia from the vice-presidency. He requested the intervention of two common friends of him and General González, the Ambassador of the Vatican City State, Nuncio Apostólico Monsignor Francisco Ragonessi and Don Luis Martínez Silva, to whom he expressed his concerns and intentions. General Reyes asked them to please communicate, in the best possible manner, to General González his decision.[3]

Therefore, Monsignor Francisco Ragonessi and Martínez Silva contacted General González Valencia, who was in Cúcuta. They conveyed the message and explained to him that General Reyes would very much appreciate his “voluntary” resignation to the office he had been elected to. All three agreed to meet in Duitama, an equidistant point between Bogotá and Cúcuta. On March 9, 1905, they met, as agreed, and General González Valencia submitted his resignation.[3]

General González Valencia served as Vice President under Rafael Reyes, who because of personal and professional differences, fired him and abolished the office of the vice presidency. It was not until the enactment of the Colombian Constitution of 1991 that the vice-presidency was reinstated again. He also served as Interim President of Colombia from August 3, 1909 to August 7, 1910.[3]

General González Valencia, in his letter of resignation, addressed to the nation and not to General Reyes, said: “In the best interest of the country and for the high ideals of the party, I resign today voluntarily, before the nation that honored and trusted me with this high office, because of the incompatibilities between the President and the Vice-President”. The resignation was obviously not voluntarily, in light of the demands of the “dictador de facto”. The liberal party manifested great appreciation to Monsignor Ragonessi for his valuable service in furtherance of the peace process in the nation.[3]

The political tide and public opinion changed in disfavor of General Reyes. He resigned as President and handed over the office to President Interim Jorge Holguín. General Reyes, on his way out of the country, met with General González Valencia in the port of Gamarra and asked him to retake his office of Vice-President. General Reyes declined his offer, for obvious reasons. Nevertheless, once that General Reyes had left the country, Congress convened on July 20, 1909, and elected General González Valencia as president of Colombia. General González Valencia was inaugurated on August 3, 1909, and was to serve until August 6, 1910.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Gobernantes Colombianos, Ignacio Arismendi Posada, Interprint Editors Ltd., Italgraf, Segunda Edición, Page 155, Bogotá, Colombia, 1983
  2. ^ Gobernantes Colombianos, Ignacio Arismendi Posada, Interprint Editors Ltd., Italgraf, Segunda Edición, Page 158, Bogotá, Colombia, 1983
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gobernantes Colombianos, Ignacio Arismendi Posada, Interprint Editors Ltd., Italgraf, Segunda Edición, Page 156, Bogotá, Colombia, 1983
  4. ^ Gobernantes Colombianos, Ignacio Arismendi Posada, Interprint Editors Ltd., Italgraf, Segunda Edición, Page 157, Bogotá, Colombia, 1983

External links[edit]