Ram Karmi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ram Karmi
Native name רם כרמי
Born 1931
Jerusalem
Died 11 April 2013(2013-04-11) (aged 82)[1]
Citizenship Israeli
Alma mater Technion, Haifa, and Architectural Association School of Architecture, London
Occupation Architect
Employer Ram Karmi Architects Company
Style Brutalist
Home town Tel Aviv
Spouse(s) Rivka Karmi-Edry
Children 6

Ram Karmi (Hebrew: רם כרמי‎; 1931 – 11 April 2013[1]) was a leading Israeli architect. He was head of the Tel Aviv-based Ram Karmi Architects company, and is known for his Brutalist style.

Biography[edit]

Ram Karmi was born in Jerusalem. His father was architect Dov Karmi.[2] Karmi grew up in Tel Aviv, served in the Israel Defense Forces in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. He was one of the first soldiers to join the Nahal.[3]

He studied architecture at the Technion, Haifa, and Architectural Association School of Architecture, London in 1951–56.[3] His father, Dov Karmi, was also an architect and won the Israel Prize in 1957. His sister, the architect Ada Karmi-Melamede, was also awarded the Israel Prize for architecture, in 2007. He is married to Rivka Karmi-Edry with whom he has a son and two daughters. He also has two sons and a daughter from a previous marriage.[3]

Architectural career[edit]

Early in his career Ram Karmi was employed in his father's office where he worked on plans for the Knesset along with the design competition winner Joseph Klarwein.[4] Karmi planned the Negev Center, Beersheba, in 1960 and El Al building, Tel Aviv, in 1963. He continued his architectural work while lecturing at the Technion, designing the Amal School in Tel Aviv and the Tel Aviv Central Bus Station.[3]

According to Karmi, after the 1967 Six-Day War, the changed atmosphere in Israeli society caused him to re-think his brutalist style. In 1974,[5] Karmi voluntarily became the chief architect in the Housing and Construction Minister of Israel, a position he held until 1979, and worked to re-design the near-ubiquitous public housing projects in Israel.[3]

In 1986 Karmi and his sister Ada Karmi Melamede were invited to participate in the international competition for the design of the Supreme Court of Israel which they won. The building, designed by Karmi and Karmi Melamede opened in 1992.[6] New York Times architecture critic Paul Goldberger wrote of Karmi's design, "the sharpness of the Mediterranean architectural tradition and the dignity of the law are here married with remarkable grace."[7] Beginning in 2007, Karmi was the architect in charge of renovating the Habima Theatre.[8]

Academic career[edit]

Karmi taught at the Technion, Haifa between 1964 and 1994. He lectured at MIT, Columbia University and the University of Houston.

Karmi was a full professor at the School of Architecture of Ariel University Center of Samaria.[9]

Criticism and controversy[edit]

The massive Tel Aviv Central Bus Station, which Karmi designed along with the architects Tzvi Komet and Ya'el Rothschild, has been criticized over the years for being a difficult to navigate bloated structure which also destroyed the neighborhood it was built in, despite numerous advertising campaigns and improvements. In an interview, Haim Avigal, the CEO of the station from 2005, downplayed the navigation complaints, but said that "if I caught the architect who designed this building, I'd beat him up".[10] In 2010, his renovation of Habima Theatre, which at the time was still under way after three years of development, was fiercely criticized.[11]

Karmi was also involved in the Holyland Park project in Jerusalem, which is called the "Monster on the Hill" by many Jerusalemites.[12]

Awards[edit]

Karmi won the following awards:[3][13]

In 2005, he was voted the 192nd-greatest Israeli of all time, in a poll by the Israeli news website Ynet to determine whom the general public considered the 200 Greatest Israelis.[16]

Published works[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Associated Press. "JERUSALEM: Leading Israeli architect Ram Karmi dies - World Wires". MiamiHerald.com. Retrieved 2013-04-12. 
  2. ^ Architect Ram Karmi, known for his large scale Brutalist style, dies at 82 Haaretz
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Ram Karmi – Biography". Israel Prize Website. Ministry of Education (Israel). Retrieved October 17, 2008.  (Hebrew)
  4. ^ Rolef, Susan Hattis. "The Knesset Building in Giv'at Ram – Planning and Construction". Cathedra July 2000 issue (No. 96). Retrieved October 22, 2008. 
  5. ^ al-Sayyad, Nezar (2004). The End of Tradition?. Routledge. p. 236. ISBN 0-415-29040-6. Retrieved October 17, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Ram Karmi". Yad LaYeled Children's Museum. Retrieved October 17, 2008. 
  7. ^ Goldberger, Paul (August 13, 1995). "Architecture View: A Public Work That Ennobles As It Serves". New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2008. 
  8. ^ Shohat, Zipi. "A new stage for Habima". Haaretz. Retrieved October 20, 2008. 
  9. ^ Ram Karmi, Prof.The Department of Architecture, Ariel University Center of Samaria
  10. ^ Rubin, Lilakh. "15 Years Since the Founding of the New Central Bus Station". Retrieved October 17, 2008.  (Hebrew)
  11. ^ Habima architect tells critics: 'Kiss my ass'
  12. ^ "The horror on the hill". Haaretz. 2007-12-17. Retrieved 2014-05-13. 
  13. ^ "Architects: Ram Karmi". Caroun.com. Retrieved October 17, 2008. 
  14. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site (in Hebrew) – Recipient’s C.V.". 
  15. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site (in Hebrew) – Judges' Rationale for Grant to Recipient". 
  16. ^ גיא בניוביץ' (June 20, 1995). "הישראלי מספר 1: יצחק רבין – תרבות ובידור". Ynet. Retrieved July 10, 2011.