Ram Singh

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This article is about 19th-century Sikh religious leader. For other uses, see Ram Singh (disambiguation).
This article is about 19th-century Sikh religious leader. For other uses, see Ram Singh (disambiguation).
Ram Singh
Born Ram Singh
(1816-02-03)3 February 1816
Sri Bhaini Sahib, Punjab
Died Exiled by British Govt.18 January 1872(1872-01-18) (aged 55)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Nationality Indian
Philosophy Guru Granth Sahib philosophy.
Namdhari
Motto "ਕਿਰਤ ਕਰੋ, ਵੰਡ ਛਕੋ ਅਤੇ ਨਾਮ ਜਪੋ"
- Civilize the world !
Formation 1857
Type Religious and Spiritual
Legal status Active
Purpose EducationalReligious StudiesSpirituality
Headquarters India, Punjab,Sri Bhaini Sahib
Membership
Leader
Leader Ram Singh
Website www.satgururamsingh.info

Ram Singh (known by his followers as Satguru) (3 February 1816-)[1] born at Bhaini Sahib, a small village in District Ludhiana (Punjab). He was a religious leader and social reformer,[1] a spiritual teacher and national leader and the first Indian to use non-cooperation and boycotting of British merchandise and services as a political weapon. He was the religious leader of the Namdhari (Kuka) sect of Sikhism. Ram Singh launched his revolt against the British on 12 April 1857 by hoisting a white flag of freedom and announced a programme of far reaching significance.

Early life[edit]

Sardar Jassa Singh was his father, who was carpenter by profession and Ramgarhia (Matharoo) by cast. He got his early education at Bhaini Sahib in Gumukhi and Gurbani. He joined Khalsa army and served for several years under Kanwar Naunihal Singh (grandson of maharaja Ranjit Singh ). While serving in the army he came across Baba Balak Singh . The word and teaching of Baba Balak Singh sank deep into his mind. One day Ram Singh said goodbye to his job and started his spiritual life.

Boycott British[edit]

He called for the people to boycott government services[citation needed], boycott British run educational institutions and law courts, boycott foreign made goods and defy British laws. He was the originator of the nonviolent[citation needed] and civil disobedience movement in Punjab in 1872.

History[edit]

Ram Singh's fight for independence was a turning point in world history for it eventually sounded the death-knell of colonial rule in the British empire. Mahatma Gandhi later used the concepts of non-cooperation and civil disobedience propounded by Ram Singh as political weapons against the British[citation needed]. His ideas played a key part in securing India's Independence from the British.He was a great person.

Malerkotla massacre[edit]

In 1872 after the Malerkotala Massacre the whole Kuka movement was outlawed, Bhaini sahib was surrounded. Ram Singh was taken into custody and was deported first to Alahabad and then to Burma, where he remained as state prisoner Even in exile Ram Singh continued to have contact with his followers.

Succession[edit]

After Ram Singh died his successor Hari Singh was followed by Partap Singh , and then Jagjit Singh.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.in.com/ram-singh/biography-228255.html

External links[edit]