3 February 1816
Sri Bhaini Sahib, Punjab
|Died||Exiled by British Govt.18 January 1872
|Philosophy||Guru Granth Sahib philosophy.|
|Motto||"ਕਿਰਤ ਕਰੋ, ਵੰਡ ਛਕੋ ਅਤੇ ਨਾਮ ਜਪੋ"
- Civilize the world !
|Type||Religious and Spiritual|
|Purpose||Educational • Religious Studies • Spirituality|
|Headquarters||India, Punjab,Sri Bhaini Sahib|
Ram Singh (known by his followers as Satguru) (3 February 1816-) born at Bhaini Sahib, a small village in District Ludhiana (Punjab). He was a religious leader and social reformer, a spiritual teacher and national leader and the first Indian to use non-cooperation and boycotting of British merchandise and services as a political weapon. He was the religious leader of the Namdhari (Kuka) sect of Sikhism. Ram Singh launched his revolt against the British on 12 April 1857 by hoisting a white flag of freedom and announced a programme of far reaching significance.
Sardar Jassa Singh was his father, who was carpenter by profession and Ramgarhia (Matharoo) by cast. He got his early education at Bhaini Sahib in Gumukhi and Gurbani. He joined Khalsa army and served for several years under Kanwar Naunihal Singh (grandson of maharaja Ranjit Singh ). While serving in the army he came across Baba Balak Singh . The word and teaching of Baba Balak Singh sank deep into his mind. One day Ram Singh said goodbye to his job and started his spiritual life.
He called for the people to boycott government services, boycott British run educational institutions and law courts, boycott foreign made goods and defy British laws. He was the originator of the nonviolent and civil disobedience movement in Punjab in 1872.
Ram Singh's fight for independence was a turning point in world history for it eventually sounded the death-knell of colonial rule in the British empire. Mahatma Gandhi later used the concepts of non-cooperation and civil disobedience propounded by Ram Singh as political weapons against the British. His ideas played a key part in securing India's Independence from the British.He was a great person.
In 1872 after the Malerkotala Massacre the whole Kuka movement was outlawed, Bhaini sahib was surrounded. Ram Singh was taken into custody and was deported first to Alahabad and then to Burma, where he remained as state prisoner Even in exile Ram Singh continued to have contact with his followers.
After Ram Singh died his successor Hari Singh was followed by Partap Singh , and then Jagjit Singh.
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