|Governorate||Al Anbar Governorate|
Ramadi (Arabic: الرمادي; BGN: Ar Ramādī) is a city in central Iraq, about 110 kilometers (68 mi) west of Baghdad. It is the capital of Al Anbar Governorate. The city extends more than 60 kilometers along the Euphrates and is the largest city in Al-Anbar.
Historically the city had a large Jewish community into the twentieth century, but most migrated to Israel after its wars of independence and the Six Days War. By the 21st century, all of the inhabitants of the city were Sunni Muslims from the Dulaim tribe.
Ramadi is located in a fertile, irrigated, alluvial plain, within Iraq's Sunni Triangle. It was founded in 1869 under the Ottoman Empire. The main purpose of the city was to give the Ottomans a base for communications with and control of the Dulaim tribe of the region.
During the Mesopotamian Campaign of World War I, British forces under Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude took Ramadi. In November 1917, British forces fought what was left of the Ottoman forces there. Sir Maude died soon after Ramadi was taken.
Ramadi was a base of resistance to the U.S. occupation of Iraq between 2003 and 2006.
-  UN Data, Retrieved 2003
-  UN Data, Retrieved 2004
- According to the former regime
- Multi-National Force Iraq - Al-Anbar
- Henry Field, and Richard A. (Richard Arthur) Martin, The anthropology of Iraq, Chicago: Field Museum, 1940, p. 17.
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