Ramadi

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Ramadi
Arabic: الرمادي
Ar-Ramādī
The Ramadi Mosque in June 2004
The Ramadi Mosque in June 2004
Ramadi is located in Iraq
Ramadi
Ramadi
Ramadi's location inside Russia
Coordinates: 33°25′11″N 43°18′45″E / 33.41972°N 43.31250°E / 33.41972; 43.31250
Country  Iraq
Governorate Al Anbar Governorate
Population (2004)[1]
 • Total 483,209

Ramadi (Arabic: الرمادي‎; BGN: Ar Ramādī) is a city in central Iraq, about 110 kilometers (68 mi) west of Baghdad. It is the capital of Al Anbar Governorate.[2] The city extends more than 60 kilometers along the Euphrates and is the largest city in Al-Anbar.

Population[edit]

Ramadi's population has been stated as 500,000 according to UN data from 2003.[3] and 483,209 according to UN from 2004.[4] The former regime reported that it had about 700,000 inhabitants.[5]

in the 21st century, all of the inhabitants of the city were Sunni Muslims from the Dulaim tribe.[6][7][8]

History[edit]

Ramadi is located in a fertile, irrigated, alluvial plain, within Iraq's Sunni Triangle.[9] It was founded in 1869 under the Ottoman Empire. The main purpose of the city was to give the Ottomans a base for communications with and control of the Dulaim tribe of the region.

During the Mesopotamian Campaign of World War I, British forces under Lieutenant General Frederick Stanley Maude took Ramadi. In November 1917, British forces fought what was left of the Ottoman forces there. Sir Maude died soon after Ramadi was taken.

During the Anglo-Iraqi War during World War II, Ramadi was held by a brigade-sized unit loyal to Rashid Ali.

Ramadi was a base of resistance to the U.S. occupation of Iraq between 2003 and 2006.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Web
  2. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/iraq/ramadiyah.htmjj.
  3. ^ [1] UN Data, Retrieved 2003
  4. ^ [2] UN Data, Retrieved 2004
  5. ^ According to the former regime
  6. ^ Dulaim
  7. ^ Multi-National Force Iraq - Al-Anbar
  8. ^ 1
  9. ^ Henry Field, and Richard A. (Richard Arthur) Martin, The anthropology of Iraq, Chicago: Field Museum, 1940, p. 17.

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 33°25′N 43°18′E / 33.417°N 43.300°E / 33.417; 43.300