|Elevation||747 m (2,451 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Ramanagara (known as Closepet, after Sir Barry Close (1756–1813), in pre-Independence times and retained in geology) is a town and a city municipal council in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of Ramanagar district.
As of 2001[update] India census, Ramanagar had a population of 79,365. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ramanagar has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 58%. In Ramanagar, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Figures for the district, which was carved out of Bangalore Rural in September 2007, are not available as yet.now its change to Ramanagram District
Ramanagar has educational institutes like Ghousia College of Engineering and Government engineering college, M.M.U. College of Pharmacy(MMUCP),Jnana Vikas Institute of TechnologyJVIT, Government Law College, B.S.V.P (Bharatiya Samskriti Vidyapitha),Government Women's Polytechnic, MH College of Education, Shantiniketan Group of institution,Vasavi vidyaniketan, sharada B Ed, D Ed college, RK TECHNOLOGIES etc..
Ramanagar is famous for its sericulture, and is nicknamed Silk Town & Silk City . The silk produced in this region forms the input for the famous Mysore Silk. Ramanagar is the largest market for silk cocoons in Asia. 50 tonnes of cocoon a day arrive at the town.
Hills and landscape
Ramanagar is also famous some of the world's oldest granite outcrops. The hill Ramadevarabetta, along with Savandurga was one of the shooting locations for David Lean's A Passage to India. Small door like grottoes were made in the rock to resemble caves. It was also in this region that the path-breaking Hindi movie, Sholay, was shot.
Other well known hills in the region include the Revanasideshwara hill and Handigundi. These hills have been threatened by quarrying and also plans to carve these hills into statues. The region is covered in scrub forest and is home to threatened bird species such as the Yellow-throated Bulbul and Long-billed Vultures. The hill is today one of the few locations in south India where Long-billed Vultures nest. The region is also home to numerous sloth bears. Tigers were found in the region in the 1900s. Rangarayara doddi has a large lake and boating facilities available for as cheap as Rs. 25 per hour, area has been developed by RCUDA. and has hill named as panchavatti, a slope hill with caves and Bears do visit often in dark.
The Closepet granites are a major geological feature of this region and are from the Lower Proterozoic era. This belt of rocks extend in the north-south direction in 50 km belt. This belt has younger potassic granites and is believed to separate two distinct crustal blocks of Archaean age. The block to the west has low grade granite-greenstone belts with iron-manganese ores and to the east are younger gneisses of granitic and granodioritic composition with gold-bearing schist belts.
Ramanagar hills have been the earliest rock climbing locations in South India. Climbers have been undertaking technical climbing since the 1960s onwards. Those that are popular for rock climbing are; Ramadevarabetta, SRS betta and Thenginkalbetta.The region has several tall granitic hills which are famous for many short rock climbs, typically 1 to 2 pitches in length. Grades vary from 5.8 American to 5.11 American. Some of the interesting climbs are on the Wanakkal wall ("Gabbar ki asli pasand", "Labor pain"), on the Rainbow wall ("UIAA", "Kalia"), on Anna-Thamma ("Darkness at dawn", "Black Diamond", the name Anna-Thama means 'elder-brother-younger-brother' in Kannada). There are multiple bolted routes here, put up by various local climbers. Some of the older bolts are in precarious condition. There is very little free climbing possibilities as the rock is compact. Additionally, the forest department since a few years has been insisting on a permit system to climb here, and getting permits is typically a laborious process, considering that these have to be obtained during weekdays from a Forest office (Aranya Bhawan) close Ramanagar, thus precluding this place for Bangalore based climbers in recent times.
Birds in Ramanagar
It is home of many critical birds like Long-billed Vulture, Egyptian vulture, Yellow-throated bulbul. Most of the vultures habitat can be also seen around the mountain. The State government has declared 346.14 hectares in Ramanagar as Ramadevarabetta Vulture Sanctuary (RVS), to protect long-billed vultures, which are on the verge of extinction.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- cocoon market
- A Passage to India - locations Accessed December 2006
- Subramanya, S. and Naveein, O. C. 2006. Breeding of Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus at Ramanagar hills, Karnataka, India. Indian Birds 2(2):32 Full text[dead link]
- [dead link]
- CEM Russell (1900) Bullet and shot in Indian forest, plain and hill. W. Thacker & Co. scanned book
- Atomic minerals directorate[dead link]
- The beckoning monoliths
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