Ramappa Temple

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Coordinates: 18°15′33″N 79°56′36″E / 18.25917°N 79.94333°E / 18.25917; 79.94333

Ramappa Gudi
రామప్ప గుడి
Ramappa Temple
Ramappa Temple
Location
Country: India
State: Telangana
Location: Warangal
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Lord Siva
Architectural styles: South Indian

Ramappa gudi (Telugu: రామప్ప గుడి) also known as the Ramalingeswara temple, is located 77 km from Warangal, the ancient capital of the Kakatiya dynasty, 157 km from Hyderabad in the state of Telangana in southern India. It lies in a valley at Palampet village of Venkatapur Mandal, in erstwhile Mulug Taluq of Warangal district, a tiny village long past its days of glory in the 13th and 14th centuries.[1] An inscription in the temple dates it to the year 1213 and said to have been built by a General Recherla Rudra, during the period of the Kakatiya ruler Ganapati Deva.

The Temple[edit]

This medieval temple is a Shivalaya (where Shiva is worshipped) and named after the sculptor Ramappa. It is the only temple in the world named after its sculptor/architect. Its presiding deity, Ramalingeswara, is the form of Shiva and a personal god of the Avatar of Vishnu, Rama. The history says that it took 40 years to build this temple.

This is opposite the beautiful temple, an example of brilliant Kakatiya dynasty art, Planned and sculpted by Ramappa, the temple was built on the classical pattern of being lifted above the world on a high star-shaped platform. Intricate carvings line the walls and cover the pillars and ceilings. Starting at its base to its wall panels, pillars and ceiling are sculpted figures drawn from Hindu mythology.[2] The roof (garbhalayam) of the temple is built with bricks, which are so light that they are able to float on water.[3]

The hall in front of the sanctum is filled with exquisitely carved pillars that are placed as to combine light and space wonderfully with the finely chiselled walls and ceiling. There are two small Shiva shrines on either side of the main temple. The enormous Nandi within, facing the shrine of Shiva, remains in good condition. In most of the shiva temples, the Nandi was strait to deity but in the temples built by KAKATIYAS the nandi is in an alert position and waiting for the order of lord shiva. Acharya Nataraja Ramakrishna revived Perini Shivatandavam (Perini Dance), by seeing the sculptures in this temple. The dance poses written in NRITTA RATHNAVALI by JAYAPA SENAANI also appears in these sculptures. The temple built area is 5 acres and a twenty acres of land was developed by the greenery around the temple. A total of 25 km radious found historic temples in the district.

Also similar architectural features can be identified in Ghanpur group of temples.

How to Reach[edit]

Ramappa temple is located in Palampet, Venkatapur mandal which is 19 km far from Mulugu Mandal (50 km off Warangal Town). It is 6 km away from kotagulla where another shiva temple located.

Today[edit]

The temple had remained intact even after repeated wars, plunder and destruction by Muslim invaders and natural disasters. There was a major earthquake during the 17th century which caused some damage.

In the Ramappa temple, many of the smaller structures were neglected and are in ruins. The Archeological Survey of India (ASI) has taken charge of it. The main entrance gate in the outer wall of the temple is ruined.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Shiva temples at Palampet". Retrieved 2006-09-11. 
  2. ^ "Ramappa Temple - Symphony In Stone". Rakshan Sharma. Retrieved 2006-09-11. 
  3. ^ "Warangal Temples, Andhra Pradesh". Retrieved 2006-09-11. 
  4. ^ "Warangal Temples, Andhra Pradesh". Retrieved 2006-09-11. 

External links[edit]