Ramban district is 1,156 metres (3,792 feet) above sea level. The boundary lines of Ramban district encompass Patnitop as its southernmost point, Assar on its eastern edge, Gool to the west, and Banihal to the north. The river 'Chenab', also known as 'Chanderbhaga' river, passes through the district. The National Highway-1A (now 44) that connects Jammu with Srinagar passes through the district.
Ramban district consists of two tehsils, Ramban and Banihal, and four community development blocks, Ramban, Banihal, Gool and Ramsoo. Each block consists of a number of panchayats. The district consisted of 116 census villages and 127 revenue villages in 2001. The total number of panchayat Halqas in the district is 124.
Ramban town is the district headquarters. The town is located along the Chenab river, on National Highway-44, (originally 1A) approximately 150 km from Jammu, and about 150 km from Srinagar, making it a near-midpoint on Jammu-Srinagar National Highway.
Ramban district has two assembly constituencies: Banihal and Ramban. A hydroelectric project is being constructed by JP Industries at Chanderkote, about 8 km from Ramban. The potential of this project is 900 mW, and it will be completed in two phases of 450 mW each.
According to the 2011 census, Ramban district has a population of 283,313. roughly equal to the nation of Barbados. This gives it a ranking of 573rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 31.81%. Ramban has a sex ratio of 901 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 56.9%. It is a Pahri speaking majority tehsil banihal 65% are spoken this language which includes the pogli language. The pogli is spoken in the upper reaches of banihal tehsil I.e pongal, neel and khari areas of banihal tehsil the Gool nebiat of tehsil ramban has 65% Hindus population and language is also Pahari. Batote nebiat of tehsil ramban has 60% Hindus population and the rest of tehsil ramban has 80% Hindus population. The another ancient pahari language i.e. Rambani is spoken in Ramban Headquarter and its surrounding areas. (information given by Shabir Hussain Shabir poet, writer, critic)