Ramban district

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This article is about the District in India. For its namesake municipality, see Ramban (Jammu and Kashmir).
Ramban District
District
Ramban District is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Ramban District
Ramban District
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°14′24″N 75°14′24″E / 33.24000°N 75.24000°E / 33.24000; 75.24000Coordinates: 33°14′24″N 75°14′24″E / 33.24000°N 75.24000°E / 33.24000; 75.24000
Country  India
State Jammu and Kashmir
Headquarters Ramban
Languages
 • Official Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website http://ramban.gov.in

Ramban (Urdu: ضلع رام بن) is one of the 22 districts in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Ramban is located in the lap of Pir Panjal range of the mighty Himalayas. It was carved-out out of erstwhile Doda District keeping in view the backwardness, remoteness and aspiration of people of the area. District Ramban started functioning as independent unit on April 1, 2007.[1] Ramban town is the district headquarters. The town is located midway between Jammu and Srinagar along the Chenab river, on National Highway-44, (originally National Highway 1A (India)) approximately 150 km from Jammu and Srinagar.[2]

Administration[edit]

Presently District Ramban in Jammu and Kashmir is divided into two tehsils:

Each tehsil has its Tehsildar, who is the administrative head. The district is further divided into four blocks: Ramban, Banihal, Gool and Ramsu. The administrative head of each block is the Block Development Officer (BDO). Each block consists of a number of panchayats.The district consisted of 116 census villages and 127 revenue villages in 2001. The total number of panchayat Halqas in the district is 124.

Geography[3][edit]

Ramban district is 1,156 metres (3,792 feet) above sea level. The boundary lines of Ramban district encompass hill station Patnitop as its southernmost point, Assar on its eastern edge, Gool to the west, and Banihal to the north. TerrinTerrain of district Ramban is tough and hilly. District Ramban shares its boundary with Reasi, Udhampur, Doda, Anantnag and Kulgam.[4]

Climate[edit]

The climate of the District varies according to altitude. The temperature rises as high as 42 °C in the low lying areas like Ramban town located in between steep Mountains on the banks of river Chenab and drops to sub zero in the high altitude areas. The working season in most of the district is about eight months because of typical weather conditions in the district.

Politics[edit]

Ramban district has two assembly constituencies: Banihal and Ramban.[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Ramban district has a population of 283,313.[6] roughly equal to the nation of Barbados.[7] This gives it a ranking of 573rd in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550 /sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 31.81%.[6] Ramban has a sex ratio of 901 females for every 1000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 56.9%.[6]

Kashmiri language includes Poguli and Rambani. Siraji is also a widely spoken language in the district while Dogri is another important language spoken mostly in the Ramban and Batote areas. The eastern and southern edges of the district are Hindu dominated areas, while the western and northern areas are Muslim dominated.

Being geographically closer to valley and the dominance of Kashmiri language and Culture results in majority of people in North-Western edges including Banihal, Gool and some other areas closer to Kashmir Valley speak Kashmiri in their own adapted tones and accents. District Ramban is also known for 'Unity' and 'Brotherhood' between Hindus & Muslims making it one of the most peaceful district in state Jammu & Kashmir which never witnessed a single communal clash.[citation needed]

Major Projects[edit]

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel[edit]

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel is India's Longest Railway Tunnel. It is 11.2 km long and will connect Banihal with Qazigund in Kashmir Valley. This tunnel is a part of Kashmir Railway.[8]

Baglihar Dam[edit]

A major hydroelectric project, Baglihar Dam is being constructed by JP Industries at Chanderkote, about 8 km from Ramban. The potential of this project is 900 mW, and it will be completed in two phases of 450 mW each.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ - About Ramban
  2. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  3. ^ - Geography of Ramban
  4. ^ - About Ramban
  5. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Barbados 286,705 July 2011 est." 
  8. ^ - Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel

External links[edit]

  • [1] List of places in Ramban