Рамешковский район (Russian)
Location of Rameshkovsky District in Tver Oblast
|Federal subject||Tver Oblast|
|Administrative structure (as of 2012)|
|Administrative center||urban-type settlement of Rameshki|
|Administrative divisions:|
|Inhabited localities:|
|Municipal structure (as of June 2006)|
|Municipally incorporated as||Rameshkovsky Municipal District|
|Area||2,511 km2 (970 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)||14,988 inhabitants|
|Density||5.97/km2 (15.5/sq mi)|
|Time zone||MSK (UTC+03:00)|
|Rameshkovsky District on WikiCommons|
Rameshkovsky District (Russian: Ра́мешковский райо́н) is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the eastern central part of the oblast and borders with Maksatikhinsky District in the north, Bezhetsky District in the northwest, Kashinsky District in the east, Kimrsky District in the southeast, Kalininsky District in the south, and with Likhoslavlsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,511 square kilometers (970 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Rameshki. Population: 14,988 (2010 Census); 15,600 (2002 Census); 18,029 (1989 Census). The population of Rameshki accounts for 28.8% of the district's total population.
Almost all of the area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Medveditsa River, a left tributary of the Volga River. The Medveditsa crosses the district from west to east. The major tributares of the Medveditsa inside the district are the Kushalka River and the Ivitsa River. Minor areas in the north of the district belong to the drainage basin of the Mologa River, another major left tributary of the Volga. Rivers in some areas in the south of the district drain into the Soz River, yet another left tributary of the Volga. In theis area, known as Orshinsky Mokh, there are also many lakes and swamps, and peat production is active.
In the Middle Ages, the area was divided between the Principality of Tver and the Novgorod Republic. The Tver Principality and the Bezhetsk Verkh, a part of the Novgorod Republic, were annexed by Moscow in the 14th century, and in the 15th century Novgorod followed, after which the north of the current area of the district was included into Bezhetsk Pyatina, one of the five pyatinas into which the Novgorod Lands were divided.
In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate), but in 1727 it was transferred to Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and the whole area was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty, which in 1796 was transformed to Tver Governorate. The area was split between Tverskoy, Bezhetsky, and Korchevskoy Uyezds.
On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Rameshkovsky District, with the administrative center in Rameshki, was established within Tver Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Rameshkovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On July 9, 1937 Rameshkovsky District was included into Karelian National Okrug, which was established as a Tver Karelians autonomy. On February 7, 1939 the okrug was abolished. In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.
On July 12, 1929 Goritsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Goritsy was created as well. It was a part of Kimry Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 1, 1936 it was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On February 13, 1963 the district was abolished and merged into Rameshkovsky District.
On March 5, 1935 Kushalinsky District with the center in the selo of Kushalino was established. On July 4, 1956 it was abolished and split between Kalininsky, Goritsky, and Rameshkovsky Districts.
On September 8, 1937 Orshinsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Rozhdestveno was established in the area which previously belonged to Konakovsky and Zavidovsky Districts. On October 22, 1959 the district was abolished and split between Konakovsky, Kalininsky, and Goritsky Districts.
As of 2011, there were twenty-four industrial enterprises in the district. Nine were in timber industry, and six more were in construction industry.
The main agricultural specializations of the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production, as well as crops growing. There is no food industry infrastructure in the district, and the agricultural production is exported to Tver and to Moscow Oblast.
A road connecting Tver with Vesyegonsk via Bezhetsk crosses the district from south to north. In Rameshki, another road branches off north to Maksatikha. In Kushalino, another road branches east and provides access to Kimry and Kashin. There are also local roads, with bus traffic originating from Rameshki.
Culture and recreation
The district contains twenty-two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance (six of them located in Rameshki) and additionally forty-three objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federal monuments include the ensemble of churches of the 18th and the 19th century in Rameshki, the Mikhnevo Estate in the village of Novo-Mikhnevo, the Odigitria Church in Kushalino, the Presentation Church in the village of Diyevo, as well as a number of archeological sites.
Rameshkovsky District is one of the areas with significant Tver Karelian population.
- Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 247», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 247, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
- Law #4-ZO
- Law #42-ZO
- О Рамешковском районе (in Russian). Администрация Рамешковского района Тверской области. Retrieved 12 April 2014.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
- Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Рамешковский район (in Russian). Литературная карта Тверского края. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
- Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
- Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №42-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Рамешковский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №52-ЗО от 6 июня 2006 г.. Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #42-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprising the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Rameshkovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #52-ZO of June 6, 2006 On Amending Various Laws of Tver Oblast on Regulating the Issues of Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).