Ramgarh Cantonment

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Ramgarh Cantonment
City, District Headquarters
Ramgarh Cantonment is located in Jharkhand
Ramgarh Cantonment
Ramgarh Cantonment
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 23°37′N 85°29′E / 23.62°N 85.48°E / 23.62; 85.48Coordinates: 23°37′N 85°29′E / 23.62°N 85.48°E / 23.62; 85.48
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Ramgarh
Population (2011)
 • Total 949,159
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Santali
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 829122
Vehicle registration JH 02
Website www.ramgarhcantt.hpage.com

Ramgarh Cantonment (Hindi: रामगढ़ छावनी) Known as Ramgarh Cantt. or Ramgarh is a cantonment town in Ramgarh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. On 12 September 2007, new district Ramgarh was created and Ramgarh Cantonment town become district headquarters.

Ramgarh Cantonment is surrounded by coal-fields at Rajrappa, Laiyo, Ghato, Bhurkunda, Topa, Sarubera, Sirka, Urrimari, Sayal, Gidi etc. Patratu Thermal Power Station is about 30 km from Ramgarh.

Damodar River flows past the town. The is spreads over a very large area on the both sides of NH 33.

Ramgarh Cantonment is a Category-I Cantonment. The emergence of Cantonment Board as a municipal body in Cantonments was basically in response to the need for maintenance of proper sanitation and health and hygiene of these areas. The scope of the Cantonment Board function extends to the entire gamut of municipal administration. In addition to providing basic amenities, the Cantonment Board also ensures various social, cultural, educational and medical institutions to the residents of the area. Cantonment board is a policy making body.

It is a centre for two Indian Army Regiments, S. R. C. (Sikh Regimental Centre) and P. R. C. (Punjab Regimental Centre)

The Cantonment board consists of 16 members including 8 elected members. But the board is the varied board under Section 12 of The Cantonments Act, 2006 consisting of the president, The Chief Executive Officer and one civil Nominated members. During the year under report the following held office as indicated.

History[edit]

The word Ram is derived from Murram and Gadh is derived from Beluagadha. There is enormous source of coal i.e. area of coal. In Hazaribagh district, there is sitagadha and Vishnugadha. It can be said keeping all name of Ramgarh was declared.

Mahajanapadas:In District gazetteer, hazaribagh chapter IV, page no. – 65, it is mentioned that gigantic king Jarasandh was very powerful. Chotanagpur was in his jurisdiction probably the Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Mahapadam of Magadh. Nand Ugrasen of Nagwanshi’s.

Maurya Empire:It is also said that entire Chhotanagpur was under sub-ordination of Ashoka the Great (C,273 – C,232 B.C.) so that in Budha period, there was also Ramgarh.

It is certified by the symbolic relies of Buddha period in the temple of Gola. Probably in 8th Centre B.C. (3) Jain Trithankar was constructed in Parasnath. It is clarified by this that in the beginning of Jainism, There is existence of Ramgarh.

Gupta Empire:Again in Chapter IV of Gazetteer IV it is described that Samudragupta ( C.385-C-380 A.D.) had invader Eastern Deccan by passing through Ramgarh so that Ramgarh was Present at that time also.

In the Regime of the king of Mundaraj, Mudra Munda Ramgarh was present too. This fast is corroborated by the presence of Munda tribe in Ramgarh. In Nagvanshi regime, too Ramgarh was present because Chhotanagpur was under control.

Muslim Regime : - In Turk-Afghan period (1206-1526 A.D.), Jharkhand the forest country was under subordination of ruler of that time. So, Ramgarh was present in that region too. It’s clear certificate is present in District Gazetteer, Hazaribagh, Chapter IV, Page no.- 68. according to that Ramgarh regime was established in 1368. The founder King of Ramgarh regime was King Bagdeo Singh. At that time the capital of Ramgarh was in Sira. The headquarters of capital was transferred in urda, Badam and Ramgarh one by one. In 1670 the headquarters of Ramgarh regime was transferred in Ramgarh.

It is mentioned in District Gazetteer, Hazaribagh, Chapter IV, Page no.- 69 in around 1740, Ramgarh was “Jungle District of Ramgarh”

British Regime : – The Power of obtaining reference from Ramgarh regime was given to East India Company by King Shah Alam II.

According to District Gazetteer, Page no.- 70, in 1771 Captain Comac was made Military Collector of Ramgarh District, whose headquarters was in Chatra. The military district of Ramgarh contains Nagpur, Palamoo, Hazaribagh, Chatra, Giridih and Kodarm. At that time the headquarters of Ramgarh Battalion was Hazaribagh, whose commander was a European. It is mentioned such in District Gazetteer, Hazaribagh Chapter IV, Page no.- 72.

“It appears that the great social reformer and the founder of the Brahm Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy was in Ramgarh in1805-06. He went there with Mr. William Digby who was then acting Magistrate and Registrar of Ramgarh. Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the Sheristeder of the Collectorate and lived both at Cahtra and Ramgarh in this capacity when Mr. William Digby was transferred else here he took Ram Mohan Roy with him to his new place of work”.

In 1811, Ramgarh Battalion was used for suppressing the Munda Uraon and Tamad Revolt and Kol revolt. In 1837, Ramgarh was police station of British government. In 1938 new G.T. road was started and Banaras road was closed. It is worth mentioning the name of Lubia Manghi. Bainu Manjhi and Arjun Manjhi. In Sitagarh, the cropping of coffee was taking place. The name of Rupu Manjhi is famous in the first national revolt of 1957.

On 8 January 1856, Sheik Bhikari and Thakur Upraon Singh were hanged on a Bunyan tree of Chhuttupalu valley. This valley is also known as lalki Ghaati and that Bunyan tree is called “Phansiyahi bore”. In 1923, Srhi K.B. Sahay of Swaraj party was elected for Provincial legislative Council of Hazaribagh district (including Ramgarh) (Gazetteer, Page No. 78). During World War II, the Chinese X force was trained at Ramgarh by American instructors at British expense.

Indian National Congress 53rd Session:In 1940 INC 53rd Session was accomplished under the presidency of Maulana Abul Qalam Ajad at that time, under the leadership of Netajee Subhash Chandra Bose conference against Samjhauta was completed also. Storm and hurricane was on the peak. In Ramgarh, Subhsha Chandra Bose was seen as president of All India Forward Block and M.N. Roy was seen as leader of Radical Democratic Party.

Chinese troops at Ramgarh Training Center June 1944.
During WWII Chinese troops underwent training at Ramgarh.

Ramgarh Cant council was structured in 1941. The history of Cantonment started with the land administration for quartering of troops. Housing was the core objective which attracted the civilian population also to reside in the Cantonment. The Bazaar area was recognized and the Cantonment clearly defined in military, bungalow and civil area.

On 12 September 2007, Ramgarh became a new district taking the total count of district in state to 24.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Ramgarh Cantonment had a population of 73,455. Males constitute 57% of the population and females 43%. Ramgarh Cantonment has an average literacy rate of 68%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 59%. In Ramgarh Cantonment, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

Main article: Ramgarh Cant Station

Ramgarh Cantonment has four Railway Stations Ramgarh Cant Station (RMT)SER, Ranchi Road(RRME)ECR, Argada(ARGD)ECR And Barkakana Junction(BRKA)ECR. Ramgarh Cantonment has two railway stations: 1-Ramgarh Cantt Rly Stn & 2-Barkakana Junction in the Muri-Barkakhana section.

Places of interest[edit]

Pilgrimage sites[edit]

Rajrappa Temple: 28 km from Ramgarh Cantonment is a panoramic view of the merging of river Bhairavi and Damodar, near Mata Chhinmastika Temple visited by lakhs of visitors and pilgrims every year.

Mata Vaishno Devi Temple: Situated in the heart of Ramgarh Cantt mata temple established in 1991 by Punjabi Hindu Biradari Ramgarh Cantonment visited by various pilgrims from all over India. Gumbad of the temple is made by gold.

Tooti Jharna Temple Situated about 7 km from Ramgarh cantonment on NH-33 Patna Ranchi highway a famous temple of Lord Shiva where the source of water that falls on Shiv Linga is unknown. The Raghu baba of this temple is belongs from the nearby village Digwar and hence most of the Digwar villagers are connected with this temple. To reach this temple is very simple. Just take a route of Ranchi–Patna Road and take a right turn from Ranchi Road. It is very near to Ranchi Road, just 2–3 km ahead towards the way of Village Digwar. Simply it is situated in Sandi of Ramgarh district.

Maa Vighneshwari Temple Situated at Madhai Mela Tand (Subash Chowk). A glorious Maa Durga, Das Bhuji temple that is very attractive and ancient holy place.

Rudhni Math Situated in Camp Area (Temple Lane) and also Nag Baba Mandir. The two temples are precious and holy.

Kila Mandir Situated in Shivaji Road, in the heart of the town. The soldiers of Ramgarh Battalion had a barricade here, the temple was surrounded and secured by deep canyons filled with water, which was connected to the temple underground now named as Bijulia Talab (lake) which also served as water source for British camp. The Gadh (Kila) of Ramgarh regime was situated nearly 3 km. was on the bank of River Damodar. Famous 'Garh' was signaled from here by the means of Mashal (a source of light). The 'Garh' is still visible from the top of Kila Mandir.

Now Kila Mandir has Famous Radha Krishna Mandir which is a holy pilgrimage.

Gurudwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha (Gurudwara) Situated in Shivaji Road, near Subhash Chowk. The Gurudwara is a glorious and famous pilgrimage worshipped by people of all religions and it is famous for their Seva Bhav.

"JAMA MASJID" Situate in Chitarpur, 16 km away from Ramgarh, this masque is an excellent piece of Mughal art and architecture. It has the capacity to accommodate 5000 people to offer their holy namaz. It is the biggest mosque of its kind in Jharkhand. It is believed that this mosque was built around 1670 on a land donated by the then king of Ramgarh. In its present form this mosque resembles the Jama Masjid of Delhi. From architectural point of view this mosque presents excellent engravings on its wall which is replete with calligraphy.

Kothar Shiv Temple Situated 3 km. from Ramgarh on NH 23 (Ramgarh - Bokaro Road). It said, that this temple was built in the time of Gautam Buddhah Period. It has been marked by the Jharkhand Tourism Department and preserved by Archeological Survey of India.

Banjari Mandir (बंजारी मंदिर) Situated nearly 2 km. from Ramgarh on the Ramgarh - Patratu State Highway. An ancient Shakti Pooja place, established by Banjara Samaj.

Purni Madhai Situated at Golpar in Ramgarh Town near Bhudwa Mahadev Temple and Rameshwar Math.

Historic monuments[edit]

Mahatama Gandhi Samadhi Sathal: This sthal popularly known as Gandhi Ghat is situated on the bank of river Damodar in Ramgarh. Mahatma Gandhi had visited Ramgarh during the year 1940 at the time of congress session at Ramgarh. After the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi in 1948, the pitcher containing the remains of the departed soul were dispatched to different places of our country and Ramgarh is fortunate to be one of those places. A Samadhi of Gandhiji was erected on it. Earlier, a fair used to be organized here on the occasion of the birthday and anniversary of Bapu but now this practice has been abandoned. The Samadhi is made of black granite stones.

Mahatma Gandhi Samadhi Sathal, Ramgarh.

Fasiyahi Barh (फसियाही बढ़ ) Situated nearly 7 km from Ramgarh (Ramgarh Chuttupalu Ghati) on NH 33. Shaheed Umraon Singh and Shekh Bhikhari, well known Freedom Fighters of Jharkhand Pradesh were hanged by British Empire in the year 1857 gadar, Barka Gadh(बड़का गढ़) Ramgarh.

Phansi Ghar Situated in Maran Garah, Giddi. It is the place where the British Empire used to execute people by hanging till death. It is situated in the bank of River Damodar.

Rajendar Park Situated at Jhanda Chowk in the heart of Ramgarh Town where All India Congress Adhiveshan was organized by Congress Party on 19 March 1941, where all the top leaders of Congress assembled also Mahatma Gandhi, Abdul Kalam Azad and Rajendra Pasad took part in this session.

Nature tourism[edit]

Chutupallu Situated at about 10 km from Ramgarh on the Ramgarh Ranchi NH-33 is a hill top with beautiful scenery. The height is 2,930 ft. over sea level. There are many dhabas and motels in the way after crossing Chutupallu that offer great food. The scenic beauty in the ghats is worth seeing getting mesmerized by the scene is very common even if you visit the place daily. Needless to say chuttupalu is like shimla of jharkhand.

A View of Vally between Ramgarh and Chutupallu

Gandhaunia, (Hindi: गंधौनिया (गरम पानी कुंड)) Situated at about 20 km. near Mandu. It is a hot water spring (pond).

Barso Paani Situated at about 30 km. from Ramgarh near Charhi towards Hazaribagh. Water falls from the ceiling giving the feeling of rainfall in a cave when someone claps.

Liril Fall Situated 6 km. from Ramgarh on the NH 33 NH-33 looks like the fall from the old Liril Soap advertisement. It is popularly known as Liril Fall. A great picnic spot.

Birsa Munda Zoological Garden Situated between Ranchi and Ramgarh at about 35 to 40 km. A zoological garden with a nice environment and large area.

Lugu Pahar(Hills) Situated nearly 20 km. from Ramgarh. Nearest railway station is Daniya, besides Gomia (famous Indian explosive factory).

Brigadier Puri Park Brigadier Puri Park is situated on NH 33 at Bijulia in the heart of Ramgarh Town. A statue of Late Brigadier Puri is situated in park.

Schools in Ramgarh Cantt.[edit]

  • D. A. V. Public School, N. T. S. Barkakana
  • Agrasen D. A. V. Public School, http://agrasendav.in, Bharech Nagar, Sandi.
  • Shri Guru Nanak Senior Secondary School-on NH-33, near Block Office.
  • Army Public School, on Ramgarh-Bhurkunda Road
  • Radha Gobind Public School, near Ramgarh College, Jara Tola.
  • Shri Krishna Vidhya Mandir, Vikas Nagar, near Gaushala, AT & PO - Ramgarh Cantt.
  • Sidhartha Public School, near Block Office.
  • Gandhi Memorial High School, Lohar Tola, near old bus stand.
  • St Ann's School, Kaitha, Gola Road.
  • Delhi Public School
  • K.G.T. School, near Block Office.
  • Islamic Academy, Saudagar Mohallah, Ramgarh Cantt.
  • Maulana Azad Public School(MAPS), Chaingada, Ramgarh
  • Darsgaah-e-Islaami, Chitarpur, Ramgarh
  • Sainik School, PRC.
  • Public High School, Kuju
  • Bal Vidya Mandir, Ara Colliery P.O. Sarubera (Kuju) Distt-Ramgarh Jharkhand,
  • D.A.V. Public School, Ara
  • D. A. V. Public School Tapin North (R R W) P.O. Tapin
  • D. A. V. Public School Rajrappa Project
  • D. A. V. Public School Urimari Sayal Po Sayal
  • D. A. V. Public School Kedla Ccl P O Kedla
  • Dav Public School P.O.-Gidi-A, Ccl, Argada Area., Argada Area
  • Holy Cross School Ghatotand West Bokaro Jharkhand, Ghatotand
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Bhurkunda Po Bhurkhunda
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Patratu Po Diesel Colony Patratu
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Barkakana
  • O P Jindal School P O Balkudra, Patratu,
  • Patratu School of Economics P.O. Patratu Thermal Power Station, P.O. Box No. 13, P.O. Patratu Thermal Power Station
  • Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir- P.O. Sarubera
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir-Rapappa Project Po Rajrappa
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir-At Sirka G M Office Post Argada
  • Ramprasad Chandra Bhan Public School, Bazar samitee, Ramgarh
  • D. A. V. Public School, Topa
  • Sri Agrasen Senior Secondary School, Patel Nagar, Bhurkunda, Ramgarh

Colleges in Ramgarh Cantt.[edit]

  • Ramgarh College, Ramgarh Cantt.
  • ChotaNagpur College, Ramanagar
  • Ramgarh Women's College, Ramgarh cantt
  • Ramgarh Inter Women's College, Ramgarh cantt
  • Radha Govind Teacher Training College, Ramgarh cantt
  • St xaviers school

Health care facilities.[edit]

Abdur Razzaque Ansari Memorial Apollo Hospital - a state of the art horpital facility is just 27 km from Ramgarh. It has the distinction of best rated hospital in the whole of Jharkhand. The hospital is associated with famous Apollo Hospitals group for its day to day management. The availability of high end medical equipments and updating with newest medical technology and systems in the hospital is giving an opportunity to the doctors to bring clinical excellence in the medical treatment.

Brindavan Hospital is another nursing home in the locality of Ranchi Road.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]