Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona

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Ramon Berenguer I the Old
RamonBerenguel1prijimatribut.jpg
Ramon Berenguer I and his wife, Almodis de la Marche, counting out 2000 ounces of gold coins as payment to William Raymond and Adelaide, count and countess of Cerdagne, in return for their rights over Carcassonne in 1067.[1]
Count of Barcelona
Reign 1035–1076
Predecessor Berenguer Ramon I
Successor

Ramon Berenguer II and

Berenguer Ramon II
Spouse(s) Elisabeth of Narbonne
Blanca of Narbonne
Almodis de la Marche
Noble family House of Barcelona
Father Berenguer Ramon I the Crooked
Mother Sancha Sanchez
Born 1023
Died 26 May 1076
Buried Barcelona Cathedral
Signature Signum-ramon-berenguer-I-barcelona.jpg
Religion Roman Catholicism

Ramon Berenguer I (1023–1076), called the Old (Catalan: el Vell, French: le Vieux), was Count of Barcelona in 1035–1076. He promulgated the earliest versions of a written code of Catalan law, the Usages of Barcelona.

Born in 1024, he succeeded his father, Berenguer Ramon I the Crooked in 1035. It was during his reign that the dominant position of Barcelona among the other Catalan counties became evident.

Ramon Berenguer campaigned against the Moors, extending his dominions as far west as Barbastro and imposing heavy tributes (parias) on other Moorish cities. Historians claim that those tributes helped create the first wave of prosperity in Catalan history. During his reign Catalan maritime power started to be felt in the western Mediterranean. Ramon Berenguer the Old was also the first count of Catalonia to acquire lands (the counties of Carcassonne and Razés) and influence north of the Pyrenees.[citation needed]

Another major achievement of his was beginning the codification of Catalan law in the written Usatges of Barcelona which was to become the first full compilation of feudal law in Western Europe. Legal codification was part of the count's efforts to forward and somehow control the process of feudalization which started during the reign of his weak father, Berenguer Ramon. Another major contributor was the Church acting through the institution of the Peace and Truce of God. This established a general truce among warring factions and lords in a given region for a given time. The earliest extant date for introducing the Truce of God in Western Europe is 1027 in Catalonia, during the reign of his father, Berenguer Ramon.

Ramon Berenguer I, together with his third wife Almodis, also founded the Romanesque cathedral of Barcelona, to replace the older basilica presumably destroyed by Al-Mansur. Their velvet and brass bound wooden coffins are still displayed in the Gothic cathedral which eventually replaced the cathedral that they founded..

He was succeeded by his twin sons Ramon Berenguer II and Berenguer Ramon II.

Family and issue[edit]

Sepulchers of Ramon Berenguer I and Almodis de la Marche in the Cathedral of Barcelona.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Julian Bishko (1968–9), "Fernando I and the Origins of the Leonese-Castilian Alliance with Cluny," Studies in Medieval Spanish Frontier History (Variorum Reprints), 40.
Preceded by
Berenguer Ramon I
Count of Barcelona
(Barcelona, Girona and Manresa)

1035–1076
(under regency of Ermesinde of Carcassonne, 1035-1041)
(with Almodis de La Marche, 1052-1071)
Succeeded by
Ramon Berenguer II and
Berenguer Ramon II
Preceded by
Guisla of Lluçá and
William I
Count of Osona
1054–1076
(with Almodis de La Marche, 1054-1071)
Succeeded by
Ramon Berenguer II and
Berenguer Ramon II
Preceded by
Garsenda I
Ermengarde I
and Adelaide I
Count of Carcassonne
(Carcassonne and Razès)

1069–1076
(with Almodis de La Marche, 1069-1071)
Succeeded by
Ramon Berenguer II and
Berenguer Ramon II