Ramos Arizpe

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Ramos Arizpe
Municipal seat
Ramos Arizpe is located in Mexico
Ramos Arizpe
Ramos Arizpe
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 25°33′N 100°58′W / 25.550°N 100.967°W / 25.550; -100.967
Country  Mexico
State Coahuila
Municipality Ramos Arizpe
Population (2005)
 • Total 48,228

Ramos Arizpe (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈramos aˈɾispe]) is a city and seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name in the Mexican state of Coahuila. Ramos Arizpe is located 11 km from the state capital of Saltillo. It is part of the Saltillo metropolitan area. The city reported a population of 48,228 in the 2005 census; the municipality had a population of 56,708. Its area is 5,306.6 km² (2,048.9 sq mi).

Ramos Arizpe was established originally in 1577 as Valle de las Labores, a name chosen as the soil was conducive to agriculture.

History[edit]

In the year 1606 the town was renamed Valle de San Nicolás de la Capellanía, because Spanish missionaries had taken there a sacred image of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino.

It is now a major industrial center, founded in 1974, featuring many automotive industrial parks. Several major companies have large operations in Ramos Arizpe or vicinity, such the General Motors assembly plant (Home of the Chevy C2, Pontiac Aztek, Buick Rendezvous, Saturn Vue, Cadillac SRX, Saab 9-4X and HHR), Chrysler Saltillo Engine Plant (Home of the 5,7Lt V8 HEMI engine) and other suppliers such as Magna, ZF Sachs and Macimex.

Plan de Guadalupe International Airport serving Saltillo and Ramos Arizpe (Iata: SLW) is located there.

Climate[edit]

Ramos Arizpe has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh[1] Owing to its altitude of 1,400 to 1,500 m (4,600 to 4,900 ft) above sea level, temperatures are more milder than other desert cities at lower elevations. Winters are mild with warm temperatures during the day and cold nights.The January average temperature is 11.9 °C (53.4 °F).[2] On average, temperatures drop below freezing on 18 days per year, which can occur in the months November to April.[3] Occasionally, it can receive snowfall.[3] Precipitation is low during the winter months and many days are clear and sunny, averaging 20-22 clear days from December to March.[3]

Summers are warm to hot with the warmest month being June and July, each with an average temperature of 23.2 °C (73.8 °F). Temperatures frequently exceed 30 °C (86 °F) and occasionally 40.0 °C (104.0 °F) during the summer months. Most of the precipitation that Ramos Arizpe receives falls during the summer months. On average, Ramoz Arizpe receives 245.6 millimetres (9.7 in) of precipitation per year and there are 37 days with measureable precipitation. The wettest record month was June 1990 with 385 millimetres (15.2 in) and the wettest day record was June 28, 2007 with 166 millimetres (6.5 in).[4]

Climate data for Ramos Arizpe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95)
37.0
(98.6)
43.0
(109.4)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
44.0
(111.2)
49.0
(120.2)
42.0
(107.6)
41.0
(105.8)
36.0
(96.8)
36.0
(96.8)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
21.1
(70)
24.5
(76.1)
26.8
(80.2)
28.3
(82.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.9
(84)
28.5
(83.3)
25.8
(78.4)
23.6
(74.5)
21.4
(70.5)
19.9
(67.8)
24.8
(76.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
13.4
(56.1)
16.7
(62.1)
19.9
(67.8)
22.0
(71.6)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73)
20.6
(69.1)
17.8
(64)
14.8
(58.6)
12.9
(55.2)
18.3
(64.9)
Average low °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
5.8
(42.4)
8.9
(48)
13.0
(55.4)
15.7
(60.3)
17.3
(63.1)
17.5
(63.5)
17.2
(63)
15.4
(59.7)
12.1
(53.8)
8.2
(46.8)
5.9
(42.6)
11.8
(53.2)
Record low °C (°F) −13.0
(8.6)
−10.0
(14)
−8.0
(17.6)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
2.0
(35.6)
7.0
(44.6)
8.3
(46.9)
0.0
(32)
−1.0
(30.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
−10.0
(14)
−13.0
(8.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12.3
(0.484)
9.5
(0.374)
5.8
(0.228)
13.0
(0.512)
27.4
(1.079)
26.7
(1.051)
32.9
(1.295)
30.1
(1.185)
43.9
(1.728)
20.9
(0.823)
11.1
(0.437)
12.0
(0.472)
245.6
(9.669)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.3 1.8 1.3 2.6 4.4 3.6 4.9 4.6 4.6 3.2 1.8 2.0 37.1
Avg. snowy days 0.30 0.26 0.03 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.06 0.06 0.20 0.91
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[2][5][6]
Source #2: Colegio de Postgraduados (snow days)[3]

Landmarks[edit]

Historical landmarks are Don Miguel Ramos Arizpe's house, father of Mexican federalism, Hacienda Santa María built in 1721, where Fr. Miguel Hidalgo conducted his final mass, and Hacienda de Guadalupe, where the Plan de Guadalupe was signed during the Mexican Revolution in 1913.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  2. ^ a b "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010 - Ramos Arizpe (SMN)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Climatological Normals for Ramos Arizpe 1951-1980" (in Spanish). Colegio de Postgraduados. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  4. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010 - Ramos Arizpe (DGE)" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Extreme Temperature and Precipitation for Ramos Arizpe 1908-1995" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Extreme Temperature and Precipitation for Ramos Arizpe 1981-2007" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved February 28, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°33′N 100°58′W / 25.550°N 100.967°W / 25.550; -100.967