List of Ramsar sites in Japan

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The Ramsar Convention (Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat) is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.[1] Adopted in 1971, it entered into force in 1975 and as of March 2011 has 160 Contracting Parties.[2] Japan was the twenty-fourth party to accede, on 17 October 1980.[2] Kushiro-shitsugen was the first of Japan's thirty-seven Ramsar Sites as of the tenth Conference of the Contracting Parties (2008), with protected wetlands totalling 130,027 hectares.[3][4] Japan set the objective of designating six more sites by the time of COP11 in 2012.[4] In May 2012 it was announced that nine candidate sites had been identified.[5][6]


Designated sites[edit]

Name[7] Prefecture Altitude Area Designated Image National Park status Ref.
Akan-ko (阿寒湖?) Hokkaido
43°27′6″N 144°5′55″E / 43.45167°N 144.09861°E / 43.45167; 144.09861 (Akan-ko)
420 m 1,318 ha 2005 Akanko.JPG Akan National Park [8]
Akiyoshidai Groundwater System (秋吉台地下水系?) Yamaguchi 80-426 m 563 ha 2005 Akiyoshi-doCave.jpg Akiyoshidai Quasi-National Park [9]
Akkeshi-ko & Bekambeushi-shitsugen (厚岸湖 別寒辺牛湿原?) Hokkaido
43°3′N 144°54′E / 43.050°N 144.900°E / 43.050; 144.900 (Akkeshi-ko & Bekambeushi-shitsugen)
0-20 m 5,277 ha 1993 Lake akkeshi landsat.jpg N/A [10]
Biwa-ko (琵琶湖?) Shiga
35°20′N 136°10′E / 35.333°N 136.167°E / 35.333; 136.167 (Biwa-ko)
86 m 65,984 ha 1993 Biwa Lake.jpg Biwako Quasi-National Park [11]
Fujimae-Higata (藤前干潟?) Aichi
35°4′N 136°50′E / 35.067°N 136.833°E / 35.067; 136.833 (Fujimae-Higata)
1-4 m 323 ha 2002 Fujimae-higata.jpg N/A [12]
Furen-ko & Shunkuni-tai (風蓮湖 春国岱?) Hokkaido
43°18′N 145°21′E / 43.300°N 145.350°E / 43.300; 145.350 (Furen-ko & Shunkuni-tai)
1 m 6,139 ha 2005 Sunset at Shunkunitai.jpg N/A [13]
Hotokenuma (仏沼?) Aomori 0-10 m 222 ha 2005 仏沼 風景.JPG N/A [14]
Hyo-ko (瓢湖?) Niigata 8.6 m 24 ha 2008 Lake Hyouko.jpg N/A [15]
Imuta-ike (藺牟田池?) Kagoshima 296 m 60 ha 2005 Imutaike 2.jpg N/A [16]
Izu-numa and Uchi-numa (伊豆沼・内沼?) Miyagi 7 m 559 ha 1985 Izunuma 02.jpg N/A [17]
Kabukuri-numa and the surrounding rice paddies (蕪栗沼・周辺水田?) Miyagi 5.7 m 423 ha 2005 Kabukuri numa 15Dec07.jpg N/A [18]
Katano-kamoike (片野鴨池?) Ishikawa 2.5-8 m 10 ha 1993 Katano Kamoike.jpg Echizen-Kaga Kaigan Quasi-National Park [19]
Kejo-numa (化女沼?) Miyagi 25.9 m 34 ha 2008 Kejonuma Dam lake.jpg N/A [20]
Kerama-shoto Coral Reef (慶良間諸島海域?) Okinawa 0 m 353 ha 2005 Akajima2.jpg Okinawa Kaigan Quasi-National Park [21]
Kiritappu-shitsugen (霧多布湿原?) Hokkaido 0-3 m 2504 ha 1993 Kiritappu peatland01.jpg N/A [22]
Kuju Bogatsuru and Tadewara-shitsugen (くじゅう坊ガツル・タデ原湿原?) Ōita 1000-1270 m 91 ha 2005 Bogaturu.jpg Aso Kujū National Park [23]
Kushimoto Coral Communities (串本沿岸海域?) Wakayama -20-0 m 574 ha 2005 Umikongo Feb2010.jpg Yoshino-Kumano National Park [24]
Kushiro-shitsugen (釧路湿原?) Kushiro Wetland Hokkaido 3-10 m 7863 ha 2005 Kushiro Marsh.jpg Kushiro Shitsugen National Park [25]
Kutcharo-ko (クッチャロ湖?) Hokkaido 1-2 m 1607 ha 1989 Lake Kuccharo.jpg N/A [26]
Manko (漫湖?) Okinawa -0.5 m 58 ha 1999 Lake Man.jpg N/A [27]
Mikata-goko (三方五湖?) Fukui 0 m 1110 ha 2005 P3200169.JPG Wakasawan Quasi-National Park [28]
Miyajima-numa (宮島沼?) Hokkaido 13 m 41 ha 2002 Miyajimanuma2004 0429 01.jpg N/A [29]
Nagura-Ampuru (名蔵アンパル?) Okinawa 0 m 157 ha 2005 Anparu.jpg N/A [30]
Nakaumi (中海?) Shimane 0 m 8043 ha 2005 SakaiminatoCity.jpg N/A [31]
Notsuke-hanto and Notsuke-wan (野付半島野付湾?) Hokkaido 0-10 m 6053 ha 2005 Notsuke Peninsula Hokkaido Japan SRTM.jpg N/A [32]
Oku-Nikko-shitsugen (奥日光湿原?) Tochigi 1400-1475 m 260 ha 2005 Okunikko.JPG Nikkō National Park [33]
Oyama Kami-ike and Shimo-ike (大山上池・下池?) Yamagata 12 m 39 ha 2008 N/A [34]
Oze (尾瀬?) Fukushima 1400-2356 m 8711 2005 Hiuchigatake 080924 2.JPG Oze National Park [35]
Sakata (佐潟?) Niigata 5 m 76 ha 1996 佐潟(新潟市)1.JPG Sado-Yahiko-Yoneyama Quasi-National Park [36]
Sarobetsu-genya (サロベツ原野?) Hokkaido 3-7 m 2560 ha 2005 Hokkaido, Sarobetsu Plain.jpg N/A [37]
Shinji-ko (宍道湖?) Shimane 0.3 m 7652 ha 2005 Lake Shinji, Matsue.jpg N/A [38]
Streams in Kumejima (久米島の渓流・湿地?) Okinawa 120-280 m 255 ha 2009 Tatami ishi.JPG N/A [39]
Tofutsu-ko (濤沸湖?) Hokkaido 1 m 900 ha 2005 Lake Tofutsu 2011.JPG N/A [40]
Uryunuma-shitsugen (雨竜沼湿原?) Hokkaido 850-900 m 624 ha 2005 暑寒別岳 P7020151.JPG Shokanbetsu-Teuri-Yagishiri Quasi-National Park [41]
Utonai-ko (ウトナイ湖?) Hokkaido 1-5 m 510 ha 1991 Utonai Lake Hokkaido Japan.jpg N/A [42]
Yakushima Nagata-hama (屋久島永田浜?) Kagoshima <10 m 10 ha 2005 Turtle eggs yakushima relocation - count.jpg Kirishima-Yaku National Park [43]
Yatsu-higata (谷津干潟?) Chiba 0 m 40 ha 1993 Seitakashigi 06f7682v.jpg N/A [44]

Candidate sites[edit]

The nine candidate sites identified for designation at COP 11 in July 2012 are:[6]

Name Prefecture Altitude Area Designated Image National Park status Ref.
Ōnuma (大沼?) Hokkaido Komagatake dusk.jpg Ōnuma Quasi-National Park
Watarase Reservoir (渡良瀬遊水地?) Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama WataraseYusuichi Yoshiyaki2.JPG
Tateyama Midagahara-Dainichidaira (立山弥陀ヶ原・大日平?) Toyama 20 Tateyama from Mikurigaike 1998-7-17.jpg
Nakaikemi wetlands (中池見湿地?) Fukui 中池見湿地.JPG
Tokai spring wetlands (東海丘陵湧水湿地群?) Aichi
Maruyama River basin and the surrounding rice paddies (円山川下流域・周辺水田?) Hyōgo
Miyajima (宮島?) Hiroshima ItsukushimaSeasideLanterns7496.jpg
Arao-higata (荒尾干潟?) Kumamoto
Yonaha Bay (与那覇湾?) Okinawa

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About the Ramsar Convention". Ramsar. Retrieved 23 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "About the Ramsar Convention". Ramsar. Retrieved 23 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "The Annotated Ramsar List: Japan". Ramsar. Retrieved 23 March 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Ramsar Sites in Japan". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 23 March 2011. 
  5. ^ "Nine sites eyed for Ramsar listing". The Japan Times. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "ラムサール条約に渡良瀬・大沼など9湿地 新たに登録へ" [Nine candidate Ramsar wetland sites - including Watarase and Ōnuma] (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  7. ^ "Ramsar List". Ramsar.org. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Akan-ko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  9. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Akiyoshidai Groundwater System". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Akkeshi-ko and Bekambeushi-shitsugen". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  11. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Biwa-ko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  12. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Fujimae-higata". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  13. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Furen-ko & Shunkuni-tai". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  14. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Hotokenuma". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  15. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Hyo-ko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  16. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Imutaike". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  17. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Izu-numa and Uchi-numa". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  18. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kabukuri-numa and the surrounding rice paddies". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Katano-kamoike". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  20. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kejo-numa". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  21. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kerama-shoto Coral Reef". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  22. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kiritappu-shitsugen". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  23. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kuju Bogatsuru and Tadewara-shitsugen". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  24. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kushimoto Coral Communities". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  25. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kushiro-shitsugen". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  26. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Kutcharo-ko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  27. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Manko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  28. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Mikata-goko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  29. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Miyajima-numa". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  30. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Nagura-Ampuru". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  31. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Nakaumi". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  32. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Notsuke-hanto and Notsuke-wan". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  33. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Oku-Nikko-shitsugen". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  34. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Oyama Kami-ike and Shimo-ike". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. [dead link]
  35. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Oze". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  36. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Sakata". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  37. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Sarobetsu-genya". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  38. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Shinji-ko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  39. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Streams in Kume-jima". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  40. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Tofutsu-ko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  41. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Uryunuma-shitsugen". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  42. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Utonai-ko". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  43. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Yakushima Nagata-hama". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  44. ^ "Ramsar Sites in Japan - Yatsu-higata". Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 

External links[edit]