Ramsbottom

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Coordinates: 53°38′54″N 2°19′01″W / 53.6484°N 2.3169°W / 53.6484; -2.3169

Ramsbottom
View of Ramsbottom.jpg
A view over Ramsbottom
Ramsbottom is located in Greater Manchester
Ramsbottom
Ramsbottom
 Ramsbottom shown within Greater Manchester
Population 17,352  (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SD790169
    - London  174 mi (280 km) SSE 
Metropolitan borough Bury
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BURY
Postcode district BL0
Dialling code 01706
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Bury North
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Ramsbottom is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England.[1] Historically within Lancashire, it is situated on the course of the River Irwell, in the West Pennine Moors.[2][3] It is located 3.9 miles (6.3 km) north-northwest of Bury, and 12 miles (19 km) north-northwest of Manchester. The name Ramsbottom is believed to derive from the Old English ramm and botm, meaning "valley of the ram". Ramsbottom is described as a "thriving market town in spectacular surroundings".[4] Its Victorian architecture, Pennine landscape, industrial heritage and the East Lancashire Railway contribute to heritage tourism in the town.

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name probably means "ram's valley" from the Old English ramm, a ram and botm, a valley. However some toponymists interpret it as wild-garlic-valley, with the first element representing the Old English hramsa meaning "wild garlic". A record from 1324 recording the name as Ramesbothum is inconclusive.[5] The town was alternatively recorded as Ramysbothom in 1540.[6]

Early history[edit]

Evidence of prehistoric human activity has been discovered in the hills surrounding the town. Early records show that in Norman times Ramsbottom was part of the Forest of Rossendale. There are a number of Bronze Age burial sites around the town, the most notable of which is Whitelow Cairn, one mile (1.6 km) southeast of the town centre and three miles (4.8 km) north of Bury. The cairn was excavated by Bury Archaeological Group between 1960–62, under the leadership of Norman Tyson.[7] Finds include one main and seven secondary cremations, four in urns, dating to the mid Bronze Age. Artefacts found during the excavation are housed in Bury Museum.[8]

The early Anglo-Saxons who gave Ramsbottom its name progressively felled the woodland during the Middle Ages. Ramsbottom became an area of scattered woods, farmsteads, moorland and swamp with a small community of families until the late 18th century.

Industrial Revolution[edit]

Ramsbottom developed during the 19th century as a manufacturing and mill town on the road from Bury to Haslingden by the River Irwell, its suburbs stretched south to Hazelhurst and north to Stubbins.[9] Mills were built for spinning, weaving and printing. Square Mill was in its day innovative in combining many such processes under one roof.

With a readily available source of water power, Sir Robert Peel purchased land in Ramsbottom in the late 18th century to commence a major manufacturing career. It is this exchange that effectively founded Ramsbottom as a homogeneous settlement; the factory system, and Industrial Revolution facilitated a process of unplanned urbanisation in the area, contributing to it becoming an important and populous mill town.

The Grant Arms Hotel in Market Place was the home of William and Daniel Grant, 19th-century industrialists closely associated with the rise of the town and reputed to be the inspiration for the Cheeryble brothers in Nicholas Nickleby by Charles Dickens.[9][10] The Grants' employees were paid in tokens that had to be redeemed at a public house owned by the company. The landlord converted the tokens into cash, but only after deducting threepence per person, which had to be spent on beer, a variation on the truck system.[11]

A network of roads and railways routed through Ramsbottom allowed for a series of diverse industries, including calico-printing, cotton spinning, machine-making, rope-making, and iron and brass founding. Imports of foreign goods during the mid-20th century precipitated the decline of these sectors.

Governance[edit]

From the Middle Ages Ramsbottom was an area in the township of Lower Tottington, in the parish of Bury, and Salford hundred in Lancashire.[12] It was part of the Bury Poor Law Union formed in February 1837, overseen by a Board of 25 Guardians including three from Tottington Lower End using the old workhouses at Bury, Radcliffe, Pilkington and Heywood until a new workhouse at Jericho opened in 1857.[13] In 1864 the Ramsbottom Local Board of Health was formed for the Ramsbottom area in Tottington Lower End township. In 1883 parts of Elton, Tottington Higher End and Walmersley with Shuttleworth townships were added to the area of the Local Board. In 1894 the area of the Local Board became Ramsbottom Urban District. Parts of Bury Borough and Walmersley with Shuttleworth civil parish were added to the urban district in 1933. The urban district was dissolved in 1974 and the Central, East, South and West wards were included in Bury Metropolitan Borough and the remainder in the Rossendale District of Lancashire.[14]

Ramsbottom is part of the Bury North constituency which was created in 1983 from parts of the former seats of the former Rossendale and Bury and Radcliffe constituencies.

Geography[edit]

Ramsbottom lies amongst the South Pennines

The Ramsbottom parish formed in 1844 was a mile and a quarter in length and about three-quarters of a mile in width in the Lower Tottington township in the valley of the River Irwell that extends from Bury to Rossendale.[12] It is bounded to the south by Holcombe Brook and Summerseat; to the north by Edenfield, Irwell Vale, Stubbins and the hamlets of Chatterton and Strongstry; to the west by Holcombe and to the east by Shuttleworth and Turn Village.

The area is characterised by its position on the south side of the West Pennine Moors. The high ground rises sharply on either side of the town with Holcombe Moor, Harcles Hill and Bull Hill to the west and Top O' Th' Hoof, Harden Moor, Scout Moor and Whittle Hill to the east.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

LMS 'Jinty' 0-6-0T No. 47324 at Ramsbottom railway station

The railway arrived in Ramsbottom in 1846 when the Manchester, Bury and Rossendale Railway Company built the railway from Bury to a junction with the Manchester and Bolton Railway and extended the line northwards to Rawtenstall and opened a railway station in the town centre. The line between Bury and Rawtenstall remained open to passengers until 1972 and for goods until 1980. This line is used by the East Lancashire Railway, a modern heritage railway which opened in 1987.

Road[edit]

The district straddles the A676, A56 and B6214 roads with its centre 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Bury, 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Rawtenstall and 6 miles (9.7 km) north east of Bolton. The M66 motorway runs to the east of the town, linking it north to the M65 motorway and south to the M62 motorway and the Manchester Outer Ring Road.

Landmarks[edit]

The Peel Monument looking south towards Bury

The skyline is dominated by the Peel Monument which stands on Holcombe Moor, a memorial to Sir Robert Peel, the 19th century British Prime Minister and creator of the modern British police force. The tower stands 128 feet (39.0 m) tall on Holcombe Moor.[15] There are spectacular views over West Yorkshire, North Lancashire, Greater Manchester, North Wales and the Lancashire Plain. From the top of the tower it is possible to see Blackpool Tower on a clear day.

Edward Allington's sculpture "Tilted Vase" in the centre of Ramsbottom

Ramsbottom is on the path of the Irwell Sculpture Trail. The 'Tilted Vase' by Edward Allington, a sculpture both classical in shape to reflect the surrounding buildings but apparently bolted together to reflect the old industries, is located in Market Place. This piece of work, weighing around two tons and locally known as 'the Urn', was funded with £250,000 of National Lottery money.[16]

Nuttall Park is a large park with facilities for bowls, tennis, football and public events. The park hosts regular fun fairs and family events, and is a popular attraction with locals and tourists alike.

Education[edit]

In 1841, cotton mill owners, the Ashtons built a day school in Crow Lane which was used as a Sunday school and for church services.[17]

  • Edenfield CE Primary, Stubbins Community Primary, St Joseph's RC Primary, St Andrew's CE Primary, Hazelhurst County Primary, Emmanuel Holcombe CE Primary, Holcombe Brook Community Primary, Summerseat Methodist Primary, Peel Brow Primary
  • Rossendale School founded in 1989 is a specialist residential and day school for children aged eight to 16 with behavioural, emotional and social difficulties.[18]
  • Woodhey High School
  • Darul Uloom Islamic College

Religion[edit]

St Andrew's Church, the oldest church in Ramsbottom, was built by the Grant family in 1834 as a Scottish Presbyterian Church. In the 1860s a member of the Grant family deprived the congregation of its church and in 1869 offered the building to the Bishop of Manchester as an Anglican church. It became a mission church for St Paul's until 1875 when it was consecrated as the Parish Church of St Andrew. In 1993 the church was refurbished and re-ordered and dedicated in 1994.[19] The Ashton brothers donated farm land as site for St Paul's Church which cost £3,400. It was consecrated in 1850.[17] The Anglican Churches in Ramsbottom are part of the Ramsbottom & Edenfield Team Ministry [20] comprising Christ Church Baptist Methodist Church, Dundee United Reformed Church, Greenmount United Reformed Church, Ramsbottom Pentecostal Church, Ramsbottom Evangelical Church, St Andrew's CE Church, St Joseph's RC Church, St Paul's CE Church and Darul Uloom Islamic College.

Sports[edit]

Ramsbottom Cricket Club plays in the Lancashire League. The team has included professional players such as Seymour Nurse (West Indies),[21] Chris Harris (New Zealand), Brad Hodge (Australia and Lancashire CCC), Ian Harvey (Australia and currently Derbyshire CCC) and Ian Chappell (Australia). Its ground, close to Ramsbottom railway station, has a reputation as being one of the best and most picturesque in the North West of England.

Ramsbottom United F.C. play in the Northern Premier League Division One North (level 8 in the English Football League System). They were crowned champions of the North West Counties League at the end of the 2011-12 season. The club's home games are played at its floodlit pitch, the Riverside Ground which has a capacity of 2,000, adjacent to the cricket ground.

Culture and community[edit]

Hundreds of people climb Holcombe Hill on Good Friday.[22][23] A smaller gathering keeps alive the tradition of egg rolling before the start of the climb. Large gatherings on the hill are visible from miles away, and occasionally attract unorthodox religious preachers. In recent years the celebrations have become more secular, with the public house at the bottom of Holcombe Hill attracting as many as 3,000 visitors leading to complaints from residents and restrictions being imposed by the council.[24]

Since 1843 there has been an annual exhibition of game fowl on New Year's Day at the Old Dun Horse Hotel.[25] This competitive show replaced the annual cockfight that took place in the town square after the New Year Holcome Hunt.[26] The exhibition, organised by the Holcombe Old English Game Fowl Club, is said to be the oldest gamecock show in the world.[27]

The Summerseat Players, a registered charity run entirely not-for-profit, puts on five performances in each season, and performances by local schools and dance groups, and the company's youth theatre groups. The amateur dramatic group was formed in 1968, and performed at St Winifred's Church Hall in Summerseat. In 1990, with donations and loans from members and enthusiasts, the company purchased the Theatre Royal on Smithy Street in Ramsbottom.[28]

Ramsbottom hosts an annual rhythm & blues festival. The now defunct pub the Corner Pin, was where the band Elbow played their first gig.[29] The Ramsbottom Recorded Music Society was formed in 1967 to promote an interest and appreciation of music and meets bi-weekly on Thursday evenings at Christ Church Neighbourhood Centre.

The Black Pudding Throwing World Championships are held annually at the Royal Oak (now the Oaks) pub on Bridge Street. Participants have to toss black puddings in an attempt to dislodge a stack of Yorkshire puddings on plinths on two levels (one for children, the other for adults). The winner is the one who dislodges most Yorkshire puddings in three attempts.[30]

Media[edit]

The area is covered by the Bury Times, Lancashire Telegraph and Rossendale Free Press newspapers. News and sport in the area are covered by BBC Radio Lancashire and BBC Radio Manchester and by Rossendale Radio, a community radio station until it ceased broadcasts in March 2012. For free to air television the area is within the BBC North West and ITV Granada regions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ What is going on in Ramsbottom?, retrieved 15 September 2010 
  2. ^ Visiting West Pennine Moors- Food and Drink, retrieved 15 September 2010 
  3. ^ GENUKI- Ramsbottom, Lancashire, retrieved 15 September 2010 
  4. ^ http://www.bury.gov.uk/VisitorGuidesAndMaps/Ramsbottom/default.htm
  5. ^ Roome, A: Dictionary of Place-Names Bloomsbury (1988) ISBN 0-7475-0170-X
  6. ^ Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain, p. 157.
  7. ^ "Whitelow Hill investigation history". Pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 
  8. ^ "Whitelow Hill". Pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 26 January 2008. 
  9. ^ a b Farrer, William; Brownbill, J., eds. (1911), "Tottington", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 143–150, retrieved 19 September 2010 
  10. ^ Peacock, Doug. "Charles Dickens – writing from life". Cotton Times. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  11. ^ Aspin 1995, p. 111
  12. ^ a b Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Ramsbottom", A Topographical Dictionary of England (British History Online): 633–638, retrieved 19 September 2010 
  13. ^ Workhouse, Workhouses.org, retrieved 19 September 2010 
  14. ^ Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, archived from the original on 18 July 2011 
  15. ^ Bury Council reference to Peel Tower, Holcombe Moor
  16. ^ "Tilted vase sees light of day". Lancashire Evening Telegraph. 6 August 1998. Retrieved 16 January 2008. 
  17. ^ a b St Paul, Ramsbottom and Edenfield Team Ministry, retrieved 20 September 2010 
  18. ^ Rossendale School, ISBI.
  19. ^ St Andrew, Ramsbottom and Edenfield Team Ministry, retrieved 20 September 2010 
  20. ^ Team ministry, Ramsbottom and Edenfield Team Ministry, retrieved 20 September 2010 
  21. ^ "Cricketer of the Year 1967: Seymour Nurse". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. John Wisden & Co. 1967. Retrieved 12 July 2011. 
  22. ^ Woodcock, Thomas (1952). Haslingden: A Topographical History, 4. p. 55. 
  23. ^ Easter Traditions
  24. ^ Bury Council
  25. ^ "Game on for bird show". Bolton Evening News. 31 December 2002. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  26. ^ "Plenty to crow about". Bolton Evening News. 4 January 2000. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  27. ^ "Ode was a hit at Beulah". Rossendale Free Press (M.E.N. Media). 13 January 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  28. ^ Summerseat Players
  29. ^ Grimshaw, Jane (16 September 2009). "The Big Interview: Guy Garvey". Liverpool Confidential. Liverpool Confidential. Retrieved 25 September 2009. 
  30. ^ Benjamin, Tui (9 September 2013). "Hundreds flock to World Black Pudding Throwing Championships in Ramsbottom". The Bolton News (The Bolton News). Retrieved 24 November 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aspin, Chris (1995), The First industrial Society: Lancashire 1750–1850, Carnegie Publishing, ISBN 1-85936-016-5 
  • Nicolaisen, W. F. H.; Gelling, M.; Richards, M. (1970), The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain, B. T. Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-0113-3 

External links[edit]