Ramsgate Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ramsgate Airport
RAF Ramsgate
Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg
IATA: noneICAO: X2RT
Summary
Airport type Closed
Serves Ramsgate
Coordinates 51°21′14.67″N 1°24′27.52″E / 51.3540750°N 1.4076444°E / 51.3540750; 1.4076444Coordinates: 51°21′14.67″N 1°24′27.52″E / 51.3540750°N 1.4076444°E / 51.3540750; 1.4076444
Map
Ramsgate Airport is located in Kent
Ramsgate Airport
Ramsgate Airport
Location in Kent
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
3,000 914 Grass

Ramsgate Airport was a civil airfield at Ramsgate, Kent, United Kingdom which opened in July 1935. It was briefly taken over by the Royal Air Force in the Second World War, becoming RAF Ramsgate. The airfield was then closed and obstructed to prevent its use. It reopened in 1953 and served until final closure in 1968. The site has now been redeveloped as an industrial estate.

History[edit]

1935 - 40[edit]

Ramsgate was selected to be the site of a Landing Ground during the First World War, but no work was carried out.[1] Built at a cost of £26,000,[2] Ramsgate Airport opened on 1 July 1935,[3] on a 90-acre (36 ha) site.[4] With the opening of the airport, Hillman's Airways inaugurated a service to Belgium. As Ostend Airport was not then ready, services were initially to Le Zoute Airfield, Knokke. Four services per day were operated.[5] The airport was operated by Ramsgate Airport Ltd, which was registered as a private limited company on 20 July 1935 with capital of £5,000 in £1 shares.[6] The directors were a Mr F Gwatkin, Richard Seaman and Whitney Straight. The official opening ceremony was performed by the Mayor of Ramsgate, who was then flown to Belgium in a de Havilland Dragon by Neville Stack. A representative from Crilly Airways also attended the dinner to celebrate the opening of the airport.[7] Customs facilities were provided within a month of the airport opening.[8] In October 1935, plans were made to extend the airport, with a control tower and a hangar amongst the facilities to be provided.[4]

In February 1936, the site measured 850 by 860 yd (780 by 790 m). Fuel and customs facilities had been provided and a temporary hangar erected.[3] By March 1936, the Thanet Aero Club had been formed at Ramsgate, operating a de Havilland Hornet Moth.[9] Mignet HM.14 "Flying Flea" aircraft had been grounded following a crash at Penshurst in May 1936,[10][11] The ban had been lifted following wind tunnel tests which resulted in modifications to the wings.[12] A race was held on 3 August in which seven aircraft took part, with a £100 prize at stake. An eighth aircraft was flown by Henri Mignet, who performed various aerobatics. The aircraft bore the inscription "Flying Flea flies in England. I thank the Air Ministry".[13] Following the race, Short Scion aircraft flew pleasure flights.[14] From 29 August - 26 September, an Aviation Camp was held at Ramsgate. It was sponsored by the National League of Airmen.[15]

On 3 July 1937, the official opening of Ramsgate Airport was performed by Director-General of Civil Aviation Sir Francis Shelmerdine.[2] The airport building incorporated the control tower at its centre.[16] From 17–31 July, 611 (West Lancashire) (Bomber) Squadron, Royal Air Force held a camp at Ramsgate.[17] In August, an air race was held at Ramsgate. The race was won by Paul Elwell in Taylor Cub G-AESK. Alex Henshaw was third in Percival Mew Gull G-AEXF and Geoffrey de Havilland was seventh in De Havilland T.K.2 G-ADNO. Sixteen aircraft participated in the race. Thirteen of them were British, with two German and one Latvian entry.[18]

At Easter 1938, a week-long aviation camp was held at Ramsgate. This was followed by another held from 4 June - 17 September.[19] In July, Southern Airways Ltd started a twice-daily service between Ilford, Essex and Ramsgate.[20]

In April 1939, the annual aviation camp was organised by the Civil Air Guard. An intensive two-week course enabled pilots to obtain their "A" licence at a cost of £10 3s. In previous years it would have cost £25 13s to obtain an A licence.[21]

In 1940, Ramsgate was used as a satellite of RAF Manston during the Battle of Britain. With the need for this diminishing following the end of the battle, the airfield was closed and obstructions placed on it to prevent its use.[1] Post-war, the site was used for agricultural purposes.[22]

1952 - 68[edit]

On 1 June 1952, Ramsgate Airport reopened. Air Kruise (Kent) Ltd had taken a 21 year lease on the land.[23] They extended their Le Touquet - Lympne service to Ramsgate. The war-damaged hangars and buildings were repaired. A 1,000 yards (910 m) grass runway was available, suitable to operate Avro Anson, de Havilland Dragon Rapide and de Havilland Heron aircraft.[24] The first aircraft to land at Ramsgate was Auster J/1 Autocrat G-AIZZ.[25] Early services from Ramsgate were operated by Dragon Rapides.[26]

Ramsgate Airport was officially reopened on 27 June 1953 by Minister for Civil Aviation Alan Lennox-Boyd.[22] The prototype Heron was amongst the aircraft that gave displays at the opening ceremony.[22] A new flying club was formed, the Ramsgate Flying Club.[23] Air Kruise moved its operations from Lympne to Ramsgate later that year.[26] Air Kruise traded as Trans-Channel Airways. It carried 22,500 passengers in 1953.[27]

On 1 May 1954, Air Kruise was taken over by Britavia, which also owned Aquila Airways and Silver City Airways, but kept its separate identity.[28] In 1958, Air Kruise was absorbed into Silver City. Hugh Kennard, joint managing director of Silver City, formed Aircraft Engineering and Maintenance Ltd (AEM) at Ramsgate.The company overhauled aircraft engine gearboxes,[29] hydraulic systems and instruments. As of 2011, AEM is known as Aviation Engineering & Maintenance Ltd and is a part of Rio Tinto Zinc.[30] By 1960, AEM assembled the first Champion Tri-Traveller aircraft in the UK, G-APYT, at Ramsgate.[31] Further Tri-Travellers were also assembled at Ramsgate.[32]

In 1963, Chrisair were operating de Havilland Dragon G-ADDI from Ramsgate for pleasure flights.[33] In March 1965, Kennard formed Invicta International Airlines, based at Manston Airport, but with a head office based at Ramsgate.[34] Ramsgate Airport closed in 1968.[1]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 5 August 1935, an aircraft operating a pleasure flight from Ramsgate suffered a broken oil pipe. A forced landing was made at Northwood, Thanet. The aircraft tipped on its nose when it ran through a fence but the five passengers were uninjured. The aircraft sustained minor damage.[35]
  • On 17 July 1938, a light aircraft belonging to Thanet Aero Club crashed into the sea off Cliftonville, killing both occupants. The pilot had been performing aerobatics over HMS Revenge when it entered a spin.[36]
  • On 29 June 1957, de Havilland Dragon Rapide G-AGUE of Island Air Services crashed on take-off whilst operating a local pleasure flight. The aircraft was written off, but all on board escaped uninjured.[37]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Delve 2005, p. 202.
  2. ^ a b "Ramsgate Airport" The Times (London). Monday, 5 July 1937. (47728), col D, p. 11.
  3. ^ a b "Ramsgate's Airport". Flight (6 February 1936): p147. 
  4. ^ a b "Ramsgate Extension". Flight (24 October 1935): p446. 
  5. ^ "Expanded Air Services" The Times (London). Friday, 21 June 1935. (47096), col D, p. 11.
  6. ^ "New Companies". Flight (8 August 1935): p164. 
  7. ^ "London, Ramsgate and Ostend". Flight (25 July 1935): p113. 
  8. ^ "News in Brief" The Times (London). Thursday, 25 July 1935. (47125), col G, p. 11.
  9. ^ "Ramsgate". Flight (9 April 1936): p378. 
  10. ^ "Leigh in the War, 1939–45". Leigh and District Historical Society. September 1993. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  11. ^ "Another Fatal "Pou" Accident". Flight (7 May 1936): p492. 
  12. ^ "Pou Redivivous". Flight (6 August 1936): p132. 
  13. ^ ""Flying Flea" Race" The Times (London). Tuesday, 4 August 1936. (47444), col C, p. 7.
  14. ^ "The Four Winds". Flight (6 August 1936): p138. 
  15. ^ "Aviation Camps" The Times (London). Friday, 21 August 1936. (47459), col D, p. 8.
  16. ^ "A Thanet Inauguration". Flight (8 July 1937): p63–64.  (p63, p64)
  17. ^ "Royal Air Force". Flight (10 June 1937): p583. 
  18. ^ "Racing at Ramsgate". Flight (26 August 1937): p218–19.  (p218, p219)
  19. ^ "From the Clubs and Schools - Ramsgate". Flight (7 April 1938): p342. 
  20. ^ "Ilford to Ramsgate Air Service" The Times (London). Tuesday, 26 July 1938. (48056), col D, p. 14.
  21. ^ "Ramsgate Flying Camp Reopened" The Times (London). Thursday, 27 April 1939. (48290), col B, p. 14.
  22. ^ a b c "Ramsgate Reopened". Flight (3 July 1953): p5. 
  23. ^ a b "Ramsgate Re-opening". Flight (12 June 1953): p740. 
  24. ^ "Ramsgate To Re-open". Flight (9 May 1952): p569. 
  25. ^ Collyer 1992, p. 118.
  26. ^ a b Collyer 1992, p. 143.
  27. ^ "Air Kruise, Ltd., (Trans-Channel Airways)". Flight (21 May 1954). 
  28. ^ "Air Kruise". Flight (14 October 1955): p628. 
  29. ^ Finnis 2007, Chapter Two
  30. ^ "AEM Offer Comprehensive Repair and Overhaul Service". Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology 59 (4): p13. doi:10.1108/eb036425. 
  31. ^ "Sport and Business". Flight (27 May 1960): p734. 
  32. ^ Lambert, Mark. "Champion Tri-Traveler in the Air". Flight (10 June 1960): p789–90.  (p789, p790)
  33. ^ "Stevens Centralization". Flight International (21 February 1963): p270. 
  34. ^ "World Airline Survey...". Flight International (15 April 1965): p586. 
  35. ^ "Children In Flying Mishap" The Times (London). Tuesday, 6 August 1935. (47135), col D, p. 12.
  36. ^ "Two Killed In Flying Accident" The Times (London). Monday, 18 July 1938. (48049), col G, p. 12.
  37. ^ Humphreys 2001, p. p169.

Sources[edit]

  • Collyer, David G (1992). Lympne Airport in old photographs. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7509-0169-1. 
  • Delve, Ken (2005). The Military Airfields of Britain. Southern England: Kent, Hampshire, Surrey and Sussex. Ramsbury: The Crowood Press Ltd. ISBN 1-86126-729-0. 
  • Finnis, Malcolm (2007). Twilight of the Pistons. Air Ferry, a Manston Airline. Ramgate: Michael's Bookshop. ISBN 978-1-905477-93-7. 
  • Humphreys, Roy (2001). Kent Aviation, A Century of Flight. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0-7509-2790-9.