Rana

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This article is about the South Asian Royal title. For other uses, see Rana (disambiguation).
Bhim Singh, the Rana of Mewar

Rana (Sanskrit: राणा; Urdu: رانا‎) is a Rajput title for Monarch.[1] In current situation Rana is being used as a self-proclaimed hereditary name by many different people but mostly it is still used by Rajput clans throughout South Asia.

Rani is the title for wife of a Rana or a female Monarch. Rani also applies to wife of a Raja.

Compound titles include Rana Sahib, Ranaji, Rana Bahadur, and Maharana.

Royal title in India[edit]

Maharana Pratap, a Sisodia Rajput ruler

Rana was used to be a title for martial sovereignty of Rajput kings in India.[2] As a prefix, Rana means a Rajput who has proven his worth in a hard-fought war and turned out as a Monarch by winning it against all odds.

As title "Rana" was conceived as carrying martial and highly prideful meaning, so it was earned through valiance, but very occasionally it was transferred from generation to generation. It is also used as surname by people of Rajput ancestry in India, Pakistan and Nepal. Rana Pratap Singh, ruler of Mewar, fought numerous wars against the Mughals. Jat rulers of Gohad were also awarded the title of Rana.

In the former princely states of Bangalore, Ali Rajpur, Bashahr, Baghal, Baghat and Keonthal, the rulers changed their titles from Rana to Raja. The style of the Rana of Porbandar was upgraded in 1918 to Maharana Sahib. There was only one incumbent before accession to of the state to the Republic of India.

Princely states that continued to use the title Rana for their rulers included Bhajji, Darkoti, Jobat, Jubbal, Khaneti, Kumharsain, Kuthar, Mangal, Kangra, Sakti, Wao and Dhami (a tributary state of Bilaspur). (Please add/delete).

The Thakurs of Balsan and Tharoch, promoted their self-styled titles to Rana.

Rana dynasty of Nepal[edit]

Maharaja Jang Bahadur Rana was a Rajput ruler of Nepal and founder of the Rana dynasty of Nepal.

The Rana dynasty ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1953, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions hereditary. It is descended from one Bal Narsingh Kunwar (Ranaji) of Kaski, who moved to Gorkha in the early 18th century and entered the service of Raja Nara Bhupal Shah around 1740. Originally, the Rana dynasty originated from the Royal family of Udaipur in India, also known as Mewar.

Maharaja Jang Bahadur Rana was the first ruler from this dynasty.[3]

Prime Ministers during the Rana era (1846–1951)[edit]
# Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term of Office
Took Office Left Office
1 Jung bahadur 1877.jpg Jang Bahadur Rana (1/2)
(1816–1877)
15 September 1846 1 August 1856
2 No image.png Bam Bahadur Kunwar Rana
(1818–1857)
1 August 1856 25 May 1857
No image.png Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana
(Acting)
(1823–1863)
25 May 1857 28 June 1857
(1) Jung bahadur 1877.jpg Jang Bahadur Rana (2/2)
(1816–1877)
28 June 1857 25 February 1877
3 No image.png Ranodip Singh Kunwar
(1825–1885)
27 February 1877 22 November 1885
4 Bir Shumsher.jpg Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1852–1901)
22 November 1885 5 March 1901
5 No image.png Dev Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1862–1914)
5 March 1901 27 June 1901
6 Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana c1910.jpg Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1863–1929)
27 June 1901 26 November 1929
7 No image.png Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1865–1932)
26 November 1929 1 September 1932
8 Juddha Shumsher.jpg Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1875–1952)
1 September 1932 29 November 1945
9 No image.png Padma Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1882–1961)
29 November 1945 30 April 1948
10 Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.jpg Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
(1885–1967)
30 April 1948 12 November 1951

Rana title in Pakistan[edit]

Members of many Rajput clans use Rana as hereditary title in Pakistan and their majority is Muslim. However Hindu Rajputs with this title are also there in Sindh.[4] Umerkot was a state of Hindu Rajput ruler in Pakistan.[5] In 16th century, The then Rana of Umerkot, Rana Prasad gave refuge to mughal prince Humayun and his wife Hamida Banu Begum who fled from military defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri and their son Akbar was born in the fort of the Rana of Umerkot.[6]

Gallery[edit]

Rana Sanga of Mewar Kingdom 
Rana Bhim Singh of Mewar Kingdom. 
Rana Raj Singh of Mewar Kingdom. 
Rana Jawan Singh of Udaipur Kingdom 
Maharana Fateh Singh portrait by Raja Ravi Varma. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Seesodia, Jessrajsingh (1915]]). The Rajputs: A Fighting Race. East and West, ltd. p. 41.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Bhattarai, Krishna (2009). Nepal. Infobase Publishing. p. 42. ISBN 9781438105239. 
  3. ^ Rose, Bhuwan (1966). Democratic Innovations in Nepal: A Case Study of Political Acculturation. University of California Press. p. 34. 
  4. ^ Rajput appeal from Amarkot
  5. ^ Rana kin in Pakistan for mourning
  6. ^ Umerkot’s former Rajput ruler is dead

External links[edit]