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Rana (rānā) is a Rajput title for Monarch. The title is derivative of the word 'Ran', which means "Battle Field". In status quo it is being used as a hereditary name by many Rajput clans throughout South Asia.
Compound titles include Rana Sahib, Ranaji, Rana Bahadur, and Maharana.
Royal title in India
Rana was used to be a title for martial sovereignty of Rajput kings in India. As a prefix, Rana means a Rajput who has proven his worth in a hard-fought war and turned out as a Monarch by winning it against all odds.
As title "Rana" was conceived as carrying martial and highly prideful meaning, so it was earned through valiance, but very occasionally it was transferred from generation to generation. It is also used as surname by people of Rajput ancestry in India, Pakistan and Nepal. Rana Pratap Singh, ruler of Mewar, fought numerous wars against the Mughals.
In the former princely states of Bangalore, Ali Rajpur, Bashahr, Baghal, Baghat and Keonthal, the rulers changed their titles from Rana to Raja. The style of the Rana of Porbandar was upgraded in 1918 to Maharana Sahib. There was only one incumbent before accession to of the state to the Republic of India.
Princely states that continued to use the title Rana for their rulers included Bhajji, Darkoti, Jobat, Jubbal, Khaneti, Kumharsain, Kuthar, Mangal, Kangra, Sakti, Wao[disambiguation needed] and Dhami (a tributary state of Bilaspur). (Please add/delete).
Rana dynasty of Nepal
The Rana dynasty ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1953, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions hereditary. It is descended from one Bal Narsingh Kunwar (Ranaji) of Kaski, who moved to Gorkha in the early 18th century and entered the service of Raja Nara Bhupal Shah around 1740. Originally, the Rana dynasty originated from the Royal family of Udaipur in India, also known as Mewar.
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