In 2003, the Ranchi division was carved out from the existing Adra railway division of the South Eastern Railway Zone. As of 2012 Ranchi Station is being renovated and developed in the lines of Jaipur railway station. The ceilings of the Unreserved Ticketing System (UTS) and the Passenger Reservation System (PRS) are being beautified with scenery. The facade of the Ranchi station has been improved in February 2012. In Feb 2012 two new platforms were added to the Ranchi station along with mechanical interlocking system.
Ranchi Junction is located close to the bus terminal and domestic airport providing transport to important destinations of Jharkhand. Automatic ticket vending machines have been installed to reduce the queue for train tickets on the station. The Railway medical unit provides health facilities is located near Muri Junction. The nearest airports to Ranchi Junction are: