Rancho Las Cruces
Rancho Las Cruces was a 8,888-acre (35.97 km2) Mexican land grant in the Santa Ynez Mountains of present day Santa Barbara County, California given in 1837 by Governor Juan B. Alvarado to Miguel Cordero. The name means "the crosses". The grant was inland of present day Gaviota Beach and the Gaviota Tunnel.
Miguel Estanislao Cordero (1795-1851), son of Mariano Antonio Cordero (1750-1821), was the former majordomo of Mission La Purísima Concepción. In 1822, Miguel Cordero married Maria Antonia Jimenez (1796-1858). Miguel Cordero retired from active military service in 1833, and was granted the two square league Rancho Las Cruces. The rancho was only a few miles east Rancho Cañada de Salsipuedes granted to his brother Pedro Cordero in 1844.
Miguel Cordero died in 1851, at about the same time the U.S. Congress passed "An Act to Ascertain and Settle Private Land Grant Claims in the State of California". His widow and children did not realize the new requirement. Maria Antonia Jimenez died in 1858, and an undivided interest in Rancho Las Cruces to each of their 9 children. Establishing title became a priority after the enactment of the Homestead Act of 1862, when the US Surveyor General began measuring tracts for settlers. The limiting date for filing a claim, established by the Act of 1851, had long since passed. In 1876, the claimants submitted a petition to the US Congress in order that the claim might be heard in the US District Court. Congress approved the petition; the district court heard the case, confirmed the grant on August 31, 1880, and in 1881 directed a survey in accordance with the original description. The grant was patented to the heirs of Miguel Cordero in 1883.
Historic sites of the Rancho
- Las Cruces Adobe. The home of Miguel Cordero family members, probably constructed in the 1850s or earlier.
- Diseño del Rancho Las Cruces
- Santa Barbara County Rancho Map
- Mariano Antonio Cordero
- United States. District Court (California : Northern District) Land Case 430 ND
- Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886
- Robert H. Becker, 1964, Diseños of California ranchos; maps of thirty-seven land grants; 1822-1846, from the records of the United States District Court, San Francisco, San Francisco: San Francisco Book Club
- Barry N. Zarakov, 1976, A History of the Las Cruces Adobe, Noticias, Santa Barbara Historical Museum
- Hollister vs. Cordero,1888, Reports of cases determined in the Supreme Court of the State of California, Volume 76, pp. 649-653, Bancroft-Whitney Company, San Francisco