Rancho La Ballona

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Rancho La Ballona was a 13,920-acre (56.3 km2) Mexican land grant in present day Los Angeles County, California confirmed by governor Juan Alvarado in 1839 to Ygnacio and Augustin Machado and Felipe and Tomas Talamantes. The Machados and Talamantes had already been given a Spanish concession to graze their cattle on this land in 1819.

History[edit]

The grant stretched inland from the ocean into what is now Mar Vista, Westside Village, Palms, and Culver City and north to Pico Boulevard in Santa Monica, and south to Playa Del Rey.[1][2][3]

Augustin Machado and Felipe Talamantes, in 1819 were given a land permit for the Rancho de Los Quintos in Santa Barbara but it was not a good venture for them. So, in 1821 they applied again, this time with Augustin and his brother, Ygnacio, and Felipe and son Tomas. The four received permission from the military commander José de la Guerra y Noriega to graze cattle on Rancho La Ballona, while still living at the Pueblo de Los Angeles.[4]

In 1839, the land grant was confirmed to the Machado and Talamantes families by Mexican Governor Alvarado.

With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored. As required by the Land Act of 1851, the Machados’ and Talamantes’ filed their claim for Rancho La Ballona with the Board of California Land Commissioners in 1852, which was approved in 1854.[5] The US District Court upheld the decision on appeal in 1873 (8 years after Agustín Machado's death), and Rancho La Ballona was patented at 13,920 acres (56 km2) to the original four claimants.[6]

In 1857, Benjamin D. Wilson received title to one fourth of Rancho La Ballona on foreclosure of a loan he had made to Tomas Talamantes in 1854. Wilson sold his undivided fourth of Rancho La Ballona to George A. Sanford and John D. Young, who in 1863 petitioned for a partition of the rancho. A partition decree amongst 23 parcels was issued in 1868. Each parcel got three types of land: "pasture", "irrigable"; and "bay". The bay is called Port Ballona. [7] The largest allotment was to the "Estate of Augustin Machado" and by a later partition in 1875, this allotment was re-divided among the heirs of Augustin.[8][9][10]

1902 Map of La Ballona and Port Ballona

During the civil war General George Wright ordered troops to secure Port Ballona against any Confederacy invasion, by 1862 a largest force of 6,000 Union troops were at Port by Ballona. The troop camp was called Latham after Milton Latham.

Machado family[edit]

José Manuel Machado (1756 - 1810) married María de la Luz Valenzuela Y Avilas in 1780, and traveled in Rivera's 1781 expedition to Alta California. In 1781, Machado retired to the Pueblo de Los Angeles. Two of his sons, José Agustín Antonio Machado and José Ygnacio Antonio Machado, tried unsuccessfully for some time to get grazing rights on land near the pueblo.

Augustin Machado (1794 - 1865)[edit]

Augustin Machado

Agustín Machado married María Petra Buelna in 1824, but she died while giving birth to their first child, Juan Bautista (1826-1907). In 1827, Machado married Ramona Sepúlveda, the daughter of Francisco Sepulveda, and they had 14 children: María Josefa Delfina (1827 - 1828), Martina Magdalena (1829 - 1872), Vicenta Ferrer Machado (1831 - 1894), José Domingo (1833 - 1882), José Dolores Machado (1835 - 1906), María Ascencion Machado (1837 - 1912), Susana, José Franciso (1841 - 1888), Bernardino Machado (1843 - 1911), Candelaria Onofre Machado (1844 - 1907), José Ramón Tomás (1846 - 1847), Jose Juan Rafael Machado (1846 - 1930), Andres Manuel (1849 - 1929), and José de la Luz de los Reyes (1853 - 1923).[11] Cattle and sheep rancher Juan Moreno sold the Rancho Santa Rosa to Augustin Machado in 1855. Subsequently Abel Stearns sold the nearby Rancho La Laguna to Augustin Machado in 1858. This later acquisition also was the site of one of the Butterfield Overland Mail stage stations until 1861.

  • Francisco Machado, son of Agustín Machado, served as county supervisor for two terms. He assumed office in 1872 and was re-elected in 1874. Lake Machado in Harbor City was named in his honor.[12]
  • Vicenta Machado married Francisco Lugo. Francisco Lugo was the brother of José del Carmen Lugo.

Ygnacio Machado (1797 - 1878)[edit]

In 1826, Ygnacio Machado married Estefana Palomares they had 7 children: Luisa, Versabe, María, José, Andres, Francisco and Rafael. Ygnacio Machado was the grantee of Rancho Aguaje de la Centinela in 1837. In 1845, Machado traded the rancho to Bruno Avila, brother of Antonio Avila, for a small tract in the Pueblo of Los Angeles.[13]


Talamantes family[edit]

Felipe Talamantes (1771 - 1856)[edit]

Luis Felipe Talamantes was a retired Soldier between 1783-84 when he went with Juan Jose Dominguez to be Majordomo of the Rancho San Pedro. He went back to Baja, California to get married 1792. Felipe brought his wife Idlefonza Avila and son Tomas back to the Pueblo of Los Angeles in 1794. Felipe and Idlefonza’s children were Tomas, Pablo Antonio, Maria de Los Angeles, Felipe, and Jose Nicodemus.

Tomás Talamantes (1792 - 1873)[edit]

Tomas married Maria Petronila Olivas and they had 8 children. Tomas forfeited his fourth interest in Rancho La Ballona in 1854.

References[edit]

  1. ^ diseno Rancho La Ballona
  2. ^ 1900 USGS topographic map
  3. ^ Map of old Spanish and Mexican ranchos in Los Angeles County
  4. ^ Ingersoll's Century History, Santa Monica Bay Cities, p.137 - 139
  5. ^ United States. District Court (California : Southern District)Land Case 123 SD
  6. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886
  7. ^ Rancho La Ballona Map
  8. ^ Mary Sainte Therese Wittenburg, 1973, The Machados & Rancho La Ballona: The story of the land and its ranchero, Jose Agustin Antonio Machado, with a genealogy of the Machado family, Dawson's Book Shop ISBN 978-0-87093-164-2
  9. ^ Robinson, W. W. (William Wilcox), 1939, Culver City : a calendar of events in which is included, also, the story of Palms and Playa Del Rey together with Rancho la Ballona and Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes, Title Guarantee and Trust Co, Los Angeles.
  10. ^ Ranchos and the Politics of Land Claims by Karen Clay and Werner Troesken
  11. ^ Woodlawn Cemetery
  12. ^ Supervisor Francisco Machado
  13. ^ Hoover, Mildred B.; Hero & Ethel Rensch, and William N. Abeloe (1966). Historic Spots in California. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4482-9. 

See also[edit]

Beach Of The King, by David J. Dukesherer amazon.com link to book

People

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 34°00′36″N 118°25′12″W / 34.0100°N 118.420°W / 34.0100; -118.420