|This article relies on references to primary sources. (May 2014)|
|Rand Airport Control Tower from landside|
|IATA: QRA – ICAO: FAGM|
|Operator||Rand Airport Management Company (Pty) Ltd.|
|Elevation AMSL||1,671 m / 5,482 ft|
Rand Airport (IATA: QRA, ICAO: FAGM) is an airport in Germiston, South Africa. It was constructed in the 1920s as the main airport for Johannesburg, but the city outgrew it and replaced the airport firstly with Palmietfontein Airport in the late 1940s, then with the larger Jan Smuts International Airport in the 1950s.
South African Airways donated two Boeing 747s to the "South African Airways Museum Society" which are on display at the airport (see Gallery). They can be clearly seen on Google Earth adjacent to the threshold of runway 29.
The airport was officially opened on 21 December 1931 owned jointly by the Germiston City Council, the Rand Gold Refinery and Elandsfontein Estates. It became the headquarters of South African Airways when the head office was moved from Durban to Rand Airport on 1 July 1935.
SAA moved its headquarters to Palmietfontein Airport in 1948 because of runway length constraints. Nevertheless, Rand Airport grew quickly after the World War II because of the pool of ex air-force pilots. At one time,[when?] Rand Airport was the busiest airport in the southern hemisphere. During the 1980s, several corporate and charter operators moved to Lanseria Airport because of safety concerns following an accident in which three crew were killed whilst on a night training exercise (see below). The runway at Lanseria is considerably longer than those at Rand Airport, and the airport elevation is 1000 feet lower (4517' as opposed to 5482' at Rand Airport). The main runway, 29/11, has since been lengthened slightly.[clarification needed]
In October 2000, the airport was privatized. The operators at Rand Airport formed a consortium and held 50% stake. An empowerment group called Mayondi holds 30% and the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Council holds 20%.
Rand Airport today
Today, the airport hosts air charter operators, flying schools and a number of aircraft maintenance organizations, as well as pilot shops, car hire and other aviation-related enterprises. The managing consortium claims that “It has the potential to become the complete integrated Airport Park” which will include hotels, shopping and an industrial park. The airport also hosts an annual air show.
Hot and high conditions
Rand Airport is notorious for its hot and high conditions and relatively short runways. Situated at an altitude of 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) above sea level, the density altitude is as high as 2,400 metres (7,900 ft) when the outside air temperature (OAT) is 30°C. Special consideration must be given to flight planning in the summer when the ambient temperature is that high; there have been many accidents at this airfield as a result of reduced aircraft performance under these extreme conditions. A compounding factor is the lack of forced landing fields or areas, as the airport is surrounded by urban sprawl. Safety concerns prompted an exodus of corporate and charter operators to Lanseria Airport in the 1980s (see above).
Notable accidents and incidents
- On October 6, 1970 at about 7:10am, Douglas DC-3 ZS-DKR en route for Orapa, Botswana crashed as it attempted to return to Rand Airport after losing the port engine just after take-off from runway 35. There were two flight-crew and ten passengers aboard. The Captain and two passengers subsequently died of injuries. The aircraft was completely burnt-out after impact.
- On April 13, 1987 a Beechcraft 200 Super King Air, ZS-KMT, crashed into a mining hostel shortly after takeoff from runway 35. Three crewmembers were killed and 2 survived. The aircraft was on a night training exercise.
- On Aug 2, 1995, an Antonov An-2 on a cargo flight from Rand airport to Jamba, Angola, crashed shortly after takeoff killing all three persons on board. The accident was attributed to the cargo which was not properly secured and shifted during the initial climb out, rendering the aircraft uncontrollable.
- On December 6, 1999 a Piper PA-31-350 crashed shortly after takeoff after suffering an engine failure. All 10 people on board were killed.
- On October 21, 2008, six occupants of a Piper PA-32R-300 Lance were killed during a post crash fire following an emergency landing in a disused motor raceway. The aircraft had just taken off from runway 35 when the pilot reported technical difficulties and attempted a forced landing.
- On August 14, 2011, two Piaggio P.166 "Albatross" aircraft, which were based at Rand Airport, disappeared whilst en route on a flight from Tzaneen to Rand Airport. The wreckage was found two days later in the mountains near Tzaneen. Two pilots and eleven passengers died on impact.
Airlines, operators and destinations
- Henley Air
The airport is also home to the Flying Lions Aerobatic Team.
Nearby tourist attractions
Rand Airport is a popular location for filmmaking for both the local and international film industries.
- The scene in the film "American Ninja 2: The Confrontation" in which Armstrong and Jackson arrive at the airport on a fictitious Caribbean island was filmed at Rand Airport.
(Click to enlarge)
Boeing 747SP at the South African Airways Museum Society situated near the threshold of Runway 29.
- Rand Airport, About Us, retrieved 20 April 2013
- "." South African Airways Museum Society. Retrieved on May 16, 2011.
- ‘The Star’ Johannesburg, October 6, 1970 p1, January 11, 1971, p 1 and March 30, 1971, p 5. Rand Daily Mail October 7, 1970 p1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rand Airport.|
- Official site
- South African Airways Museum Society
- Airport information for FAGM at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- Henley Air webcam looking to the west on the airport
- Henley Air webcam looking to the east on the airport