|Industry||publishing, education, travel, transportation|
|Founders||William Rand, Andrew McNally|
|Key people||Stephen A. Fletcher
|Products||maps, atlases, software|
Rand McNally is an American publisher of maps, atlases, textbooks, and globes for travel, reference, commercial, and educational uses. It also provides online consumer street maps and directions, as well as commercial transportation routing software and mileage data. The company is headquartered in the Chicago suburb of Skokie, Illinois with a distribution center in Richmond, Kentucky.
In 1856, William Rand opened a printing shop in Chicago and two years later hired a newly arrived Irish immigrant, Andrew McNally, to work in his shop. The shop did big business with the forerunner of the Chicago Tribune, and in 1859 Rand and McNally were hired to run the Tribune's entire printing operation. In 1868, the two men formally established Rand McNally & Co. and bought out the Tribune's printing business. The company initially focused on printing tickets and timetables for Chicago's booming railroad industry, and the following year supplemented that business by publishing complete railroad guides. In 1870, the company expanded into printing business directories and an illustrated newspaper, the People's Weekly. According to company lore, during the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, Rand McNally quickly had two of the company's printing machines buried in a sandy beach of Lake Michigan, and the company was up and running again only a few days later.
The very first Rand McNally map, created using a new cost-saving wax engraving method, appeared in the December 1872 edition of its Railroad Guide. Rand McNally became an incorporated business in 1873, with Rand as its president and McNally as vice president. The Business Atlas, containing maps and data pertinent to business planning, was first published in 1876. The atlas is still updated today, now titled the Commercial Atlas & Marketing Guide. The Trade Book department was established in 1877, publishing such titles as The Locust Plague in the United States. Rand McNally began publishing educational maps in 1880 with its first line of maps, globes, and geography textbooks, soon followed by a world atlas. The company began publishing general literature in 1884 with its first title, The Secret of Success, and the Textbook department was established in 1894 with The Rand McNally Primary School Geography. Also in 1894, the company opened an office in New York City headed by Caleb S. Hammond, who later started his own map company, C. S. Hammond & Co..
Rand McNally's first road map, the New Automobile Road Map of New York City & Vicinity, was published in 1904. In 1910, the company acquired the line of Photo-Auto Guides from G.S. Chapin, which provided photographs of routes and intersections with directions. Andrew McNally II (son of Frederick McNally) personally took photos on his honeymoon for the Chicago-to-Milwaukee edition. The company continued to expand its book publishing business, with best-selling children's books such as The Real Mother Goose (1916) and Kon-Tiki (1950).
Rand McNally was the first major map publisher to embrace a system of numbered highways. One of its cartographers, John Brink, invented a system that was first published in 1917 on a map of Peoria, Illinois. In addition to creating maps with numbered roads, Rand McNally also erected many of the actual roadside highway signs. This system was subsequently adopted by state and federal highway authorities. The oil industry quickly developed an interest in road maps, enticing Americans to explore and consume more gasoline. In 1920, Rand McNally began publishing road maps for the Gulf Oil Company, to be freely distributed at its service stations. By 1930, Rand McNally had two major road map competitors, General Drafting and Gousha, the latter of which was founded by a former Rand McNally sales representative. The Rand McNally Auto Chum, later to become the ubiquitous Rand McNally Road Atlas, was first published in 1924. The first full-color edition was published in 1960. It became fully digitized in 1993.
The Goode's School Atlas, named for its first editor, Dr. J. Paul Goode, was published in 1923. It became a standard text for high school and college geography curricula. Later retitled Goode's World Atlas, it is now in its 22nd edition. The first Rand McNally Travel Store was opened in New York City in 1937. In the 1990s it was turned into a chain with 29 locations, but by 2005 all had been closed as a cost-saving measure.
Rand McNally moved its headquarters from Chicago to suburban Skokie, Illinois in 1952. The company opened its Versailles, Kentucky, book publishing plant in 1962 with 300,000 square feet (28,000 m2) and 23 employees. In 1994, the plant was the first to implement a new Kodak computer-to-plate printing system. When the plant was sold in 1997, it was over 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) and employed 1,255 people.
In 1961, because the company was not satisfied with the ability of existing map projections to create intuitive depictions of the entire world, they commissioned Dr. Arthur H. Robinson to develop what became known as the Robinson projection, which became very popular and was used extensively for constructing maps of the entire world. Rand McNally began creating maps digitally in 1982.
In 1989, Rand McNally donated its extensive collection of its maps to the Newberry Library. Now in possession of Gousha's archives as well, Rand McNally donated that map archive to the Newberry in late 2002.
With a string of acquisitions and growth throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Rand McNally employed over 4,000 people in four business groups. The company had been majority-owned by the McNally family since 1899, but by 1997 the family had decided to divest its interest in the company.
Rand McNally has always been a privately held or "pink sheet" company, with stock held by very few parties and very thinly traded. When Rand retired in 1899, he sold his shares in the company to McNally and the other company officers. The McNally family was the majority owner for nearly 100 years, from 1899 until 1997, at which time the family decided to divest its majority stake. The company was sold piecemeal; in January 1997, the company announced it was selling its Book Services Group, which employed 1,700 people in Versailles, Kentucky and Taunton, Massachusetts, to World Color Press for $155 million. In February 1997, the DocuSystems Group, which printed airline tickets and luggage tags at its Nashville facility, was sold to Code Hennessy & Simmons, a Chicago-based private equity firm. In April 1997, the Media Services Group, which employed 350 people with offices in Nashville, Tennessee; Fremont, California; Shannon, Ireland; and the Asia-Pacific region, was sold to McQueen, a Scottish software company.
The sole remaining group, publishing, represented the core mapmaking business of the company. In November 1997, the McNally family completed its divestiture by selling its majority ownership to AEA Investors for a reported $500 million. Much of the purchase price was leveraged, meaning the company took on significant debt hedging on future earnings. AEA intended to capitalize on Rand McNally's brand recognition by bringing digital mapping to the masses and attracting public investors during the dot-com boom. However, the company fell behind the technology curve of upstarts such as MapQuest and fell further into debt. AEA's stake in the company was acquired by Leonard Green & Partners through a prepackaged Chapter 11 restructuring deal on January 15, 2003. In December 2007, Patriarch Partners, which had previously been a minority owner, bought out Leonard Green and the remaining minority owners to become the sole owner of Rand McNally.
Rand McNally had been headquartered in Chicago since its inception. Their 1890 headquarters on West Adams Street was the world's first all-steel framed skyscraper.
By the 1950s its Chicago area workforce had grown to over 1,000 employees and larger facilities were needed. In 1952, a new 283,008 sq ft (26,292 m2) building was opened in suburban Skokie, bringing corporate offices, printing, and distribution operations under one roof. Over the ensuing decades, however, printing and distribution operations were relocated, eventually resulting in the underutilization of its aging Skokie building. It was sold in February 2008 to Ida Crown Jewish Academy for $11 million, and the approximately 200 current employees relocated in January 2009 to an office building near Skokie's Old Orchard Mall.
Presidents and CEOs
William Rand founded his print shop in 1856 and "Rand, McNally & Co." was formally established in 1868. The company was incorporated in 1873 with Rand as the first president and McNally vice-president. When Rand retired in 1899, Andrew McNally assumed the role of president until his death in 1904. Andrew's son, Frederick McNally, became president upon his father's death, just as the age of the automobile was beginning. When Frederick McNally died in 1907, his sister's husband, Harry Beach Clow, became president. Andrew McNally II took over in 1933. He and his heirs, Andrew McNally III and IV, successively served as president until 1993.
- 1873–1899: William Rand
- 1899–1904: Andrew McNally
- 1904–1907: Frederick McNally (Andrew's son)
- 1907–1933: Harry Beach Clow (Andrew's son-in-law)
- 1933–1948: Andrew McNally II (Andrew's grandson)
- 1948–1974: Andrew McNally III (Andrew's great-grandson)
- 1974–1993: Andrew McNally IV (Andrew's great-great-grandson)
- 1993–1997: John S. Bakalar (former Rand McNally CFO)
- 1997–1999: Henry J. Feinberg (former head of Rand McNally Publishing Group)
- 1999–2000: Richard J. Davis (former executive at RR Donnelley and GeoSystems, forerunners of MapQuest)
- 2000–2001: Norman E. Wells, Jr. (former Rand McNally COO)
- 2001–2003: Michael Hehir (former head of McGraw-Hill Ventures)
- 2003–2008: Robert S. Apatoff (former head of Allstate marketing)
- 2008–2009: Andrzej Wrobel (Patriarch Partners IT Platform Managing Director)
- 2009–Nov 2013: Dave Muscatel
- Dec 2013–Present: Stephen Fletcher
Rand McNally has made many acquisitions over the years to consolidate the crowded map publishing industry or to extend its capabilities in new markets.
- 1980 – Transportation Data Management (TDM) – Makers of transportation mileage and routing software that continues to be used for Rand's commercial trucking products.
- 1984 – Denoyer-Geppert – Assets of the school map and globe publisher were assimilated into Rand's education product line.
- 1988 – Champion Map – Rand continued to use its facilities in Daytona Beach, Florida, until 2001. All Champion Map products had disappeared, but in 2007 Rand began using the brand on street maps for selected small markets.
- 1992 – Nicholstone Holdings – Subsidiary companies (Nicholstone Software Services, Nicholstone Looseleaf, and Nicholstone Bindery) were folded into Rand's Book Services Group, extending its printing and binding businesses and adding capabilities for manufacturing, packaging, and distributing computer software and documentation.
- 1993 – Allmaps Canada – Became a wholly owned subsidiary company, Rand McNally Canada, and was subsequently sold to Canadian Cartographics Corporation in 2008. Under contract from Rand McNally, CCC will continue to create Canadian products under the Rand McNally name and distribute U.S. products to the Canadian market.
- 1996 – Gousha – One of Rand McNally's longtime rivals, its 82 employees unexpectedly found their Comfort, Texas, building locked up on the morning of April 18 with a note taped to the door stating that the company had been purchased by Rand McNally and all their jobs had been eliminated. Gousha's entire product line was discontinued.
- 1998 – Thomas Bros. Maps – The prominent Southern California mapmaker best known for its ubiquitous Thomas Guide. Rand McNally continues to brand its street guide products as "The Thomas Guide" in western U.S. markets.
- 1999 – King of the Road – Regional map publisher and distributor based in the Pacific Northwest, which had a previous partnership with Thomas Bros. King of the Road titles are no longer available.
- 2004 – Perly's – Maker of street maps for Toronto, Ontario and the surrounding areas. Was sold off as part of Rand McNally Canada in 2008.
- The company has always been named "Rand McNally," but it has been jocularly referred to as "Rand and McNally," as in the opening to O. Henry's story, A Municipal Report: "...it is a rash one who will lay his finger on the map and say: 'In this town there can be no romance—what could happen here?' Yes, it is a bold and a rash deed to challenge in one sentence history, romance, and Rand and McNally."
- In an episode of The Simpsons, "Bart vs. Australia", the Rand McNally logo on the globe was mistaken by Bart for a country named Rand McNally; Lisa mocks him saying "In fact, in Rand McNally, people wear hats on their feet and hamburgers eat people."
- In an episode of Angel, "Time Bomb", when Angel asks what will happen if Illyria explodes, Wesley answers him saying "Rand and McNally will have to redraw their maps."
- In the Canadian children's television series Jacob Two-Two, Morty recommends to his son Jacob (the titular character) an atlas made by Grand McPally, an obvious parody of Rand McNally.
- Bing Crosby used to tell of a fishing spot so secret that Rand would not tell McNally.
- Jason Mraz has a song titled "Dream Life Of Rand McNally" which can be heard on the album Live at Java Joe's as well as on fan traded audience recordings. It tells the story of a man who gets into trouble all over the world and draws maps to, "remember never to go back to that place again."
- In the second episode of the second season of the Anime Sayonara Zetsubou Sensei Itoshiki Nozomu is reading a book titled "Rand McNally's Guide to Death".
- Lena Catches is stated to have a Rand McNally Road Atlas that she uses to plot UFO sightings on in Susan Power's Roofwalker.
Street Guide/Streetfinder products
|Title||State Name||Edition Existed||Status|
|Akron & Canton||Ohio||2007||Defunct|
|Alameda & Contra Costa Counties||California||1990||Defunct|
|Albuquerque & Santa Fe||New Mexico||2003–||Defunct|
|Albuquerque & Vicinity||New Mexico||1993||Defunct|
|Albuquerque, Santa Fe/Taos||New Mexico||2000–01||Defunct|
|Allentown & Bethlehem||Pennsylvania||2009–||Existing|
|Atlanta & Vicinity||Georgia||1992–96, 05-||Existing|
|Austin||Texas||1991, 97, 03-||Existing|
|Austin & Vicinity||Texas||1994–95, 98–99||Defunct|
|Baton Rouge & Vicinity||Louisiana||2003||Defunct|
|Birmingham & Jefferson County||Alabama||2005||Defunct|
|Boston, Eastern Massachusetts||Massachusetts||2000–05||Defunct|
|Boston & Eastern Massachusetts||Massachusetts||2007||Defunct|
|Boston & Vicinity||Massachusetts||1991-00||Defunct|
|Bucks & Montgomery Counties||Pennsylvania||2005||Defunct|
|Buffalo/Niagara Frontier||New York||2004||Defunct|
|Buffalo & Rochester||New York||2009||Defunct|
|Buffalo & Vicinity||New York||1993||Defunct|
|Cape Cod & Southern Massachusetts||Massachusetts||2000–02||Defunct|
|Chicago & Cook County||Illinois||1998–||Existing|
|Cleveland & Vicinity||Ohio||1991||Defunct|
|Colorado Springs, Pueblo||Colorado||2000–08||Defunct|
|Columbus & Vicinity||Ohio||1998||Defunct|
|Dallas & Vicinity||Texas||1994||Defunct|
|Dallas, Fort Worth||Texas||2006||Defunct|
|Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex||Texas||2007–||Existing|
|Dallas/Fort Worth & Vicinity||Texas||1999-00||Defunct|
|Denver Metro Area||Colorado||1994||Defunct|
|Denver Regional Area||Colorado||2001||Defunct|
|Detroit & Ann Arbor||Michigan||2008||Defunct|
|Detroit & Vicinity||Michigan||1994||Defunct|
|Detroit & Wayne County||Michigan||2003–06||Defunct|
|Detroit Tri-County & Vicinity||Michigan||2003||Defunct|
|Dupage & Kane Counties||Illinois||1991–||Existing|
|Fairfield & Vicinity||Connecticut||1994||Defunct|
|Fairfield, Litchfield & New Haven Counties||Connecticut||2004||Defunct|
|Fayetteville, Springdale & Rogers||Arkansas||2008||Defunct|
|Flagler & Volusia Counties||Florida||2009–||Existing|
|Fort Worth & Tarrant County||Texas||1993||Defunct|
|Fort Worth & Vicinity||Texas||1994||Defunct|
|Greater Charleston||South Carolina||1999-08||Defunct|
|Greater Kansas City||Missouri||2000–08||Defunct|
|Greater Rochester||New York||2006||Defunct|
|Greater St. Louis||Missouri||2009–||Existing|
|Greensboro/Winston-Salem/High Point||North Carolina||2000-09||Defunct|
|Greenville and Spartanburg||South Carolina||2008–||Existing|
|Harrisburg, York & Lancaster||Pennsylvania||2008||Defunct|
|Hartford, Middlesex & New Haven Counties||Connecticut||2004–||Existing|
|Houston & Vicinity||Texas||1995–98||Defunct|
|Houston/Galveston & Vicinity||Texas||2002||Defunct|
|Hudson Valley||New York||2009–||Existing|
|Hudson, Union, Essex, & Morris Counties||New Jersey||1991||Defunct|
|Huntsville & Decatur||Alabama||2009||Defunct|
|Jacksonville & Duval County||Florida||1999-01, 05||Defunct|
|Jacksonville, Duval County||Florida||2003||Defunct|
|Jacksonville & St. Augustine||Florida||2007–10||Defunct|
|Joliet, Aurora & Naperville||Illinois||2008||Defunct|
|Lake & McHenry Counties||Illinois||1999–09||Defunct|
|Lake & Sumter Counties||Florida||2007–||Existing|
|Las Vegas & Vicinity||Nevada||1997||Defunct|
|Lee & Collier Counties||Florida||1999-07||Defunct|
|Lehigh & Northampton Counties||Pennsylvania||2003–05||Defunct|
|Lexington and the Bluegrass Region||Kentucky||2007||Existing|
|Little Rock & Pulaski County||Arkansas||2005||Defunct|
|Little Rock & Vicinity||Arkansas||1999-00||Defunct|
|Long Island||New York||2006–09||Defunct|
|Los Angeles/Orange Counties||California||1998||Defunct|
|Los Angeles Metro & Orange County||California||1991||Defunct|
|Louisville & Vicinity||Kentucky||2003||Defunct|
|Manatee, Sarasota & Charlotte Counties||Florida||2009||Existing|
|Miami & Vicinity||Florida||1990||Existing|
|Miami-Dade, Broward & Palm Beach Counties||Florida||2003–||Existing|
|Milwaukee & Vicinity||Wisconsin||2000-0?||Defunct|
|Minneapolis/St. Paul & Vicinity||Minnesota||1994||Defunct|
|Mississippi Gulf Coast||Mississippi||2007–||Existing|
|Mobile & Vicinity||Alabama||2001||Defunct|
|Morris, Essex, Union & Hudson Counties||New Jersey||2006||Defunct|
|Nashville & Vicinity||Tennessee||1997-9?||Defunct|
|New London, Tolland & Windham Counties||Connecticut||2004–||Defunct|
|New Orleans & Vicinity||Louisiana||2004||Defunct|
|New York City||New York||1997||Defunct|
|New York City, 5 Borough||New York||1992, 07–09||Defunct|
|New York City, 5 Boroughs||New York||2003–05||Defunct|
|Oakland & Macomb Counties||Michigan||2003–08||Defunct|
|Omaha & Council Bluffs||Nebraska||2000–01||Defunct|
|Orlando & Vicinity||Florida||1994-00||Defunct|
|Palm Beach County||Florida||2000–09||Defunct|
|Pasco County||Florida||1988, 07-||Existing|
|Pikes Peak Region||Colorado||1991||Defunct|
|Pittsburgh & Alleghany County||Pennsylvania||1998-05||Defunct|
|Pittsburgh & Vicinity||Pennsylvania||1993-9?||Defunct|
|Portland & Vicinity||Oregon||1998||Defunct|
|Quad Cities||Illinois & Iowa||?||Existing|
|Raleigh/Durham/Chapel Hill||North Carolina||2000–06||Defunct|
|Raleigh/Wake County||North Carolina||1998||Defunct|
|Rhode Island||Rhode Island||2003–06||Defunct|
|Richmond & Vicinity||Virginia||1990, 05||Defunct|
|Rio Grande Valley||Texas||2008–||Existing|
|Rochester & Vicinity||New York||1997-03||Defunct|
|Scranton & Wilkes-Barre||Pennsylvania||2009–||Existing|
|St. Louis||Missouri||1988, 04–08||Defunct|
|St. Louis & Vicinity||Missouri||2003||Defunct|
|Salt Lake City||Utah||1994, 01–02, 06-||Existing|
|Salt Lake City & Vicinity||Utah||1999-00, 03||Defunct|
|San Antonio & Vicinity||Texas||1991–98||Defunct|
|San Franscisco & Vicinity||California||1998–99||Defunct|
|San Franscisco and Peninsula Cities||California||1988||Defunct|
|Santa Clara County||California||1990||Defunct|
|Savannah and Hilton Head Island||Georgia||2008||Defunct|
|Shreveport, Caddo Parish||Louisiana||1999-00||Defunct|
|Shreveport & Caddo Parish||Louisiana||2005–08||Defunct|
|South Bend/Elkhart, Michiana||Indiana||2004–07||Defunct|
|South Bend with Elkhart and Michiana||Indiana||2010||Defunct|
|Tacoma & Vicinity||Washington||1998||Defunct|
|Tampa, Hillsborough County||Florida||2003–04||Defunct|
|Tidewater, Virginia Peninsula||Virginia||2003||Defunct|
|Toledo & Lucas County||Ohio||2008–||Existing|
|Tulsa & Vicinity||Oklahoma||2005||Defunct|
|Westchester, Putnam Counties||New York||2006–||Existing|
|Wichita & Sedgewick County||Kansas||2009||Defunct|
|Wichita, Sedgewick & Harvey Counties||Kansas||2000–01||Defunct|
|Will & Kendall Counties||Illinois||2004–07||Defunct|
|Worcester, Central Massachusetts||Massachusetts||2002||Defunct|
|Worcester & Central Massachusetts||Massachusetts||2009||Defunct|
- Wilken, Earl (December 1, 1994) "Rand McNally adds Kodak CTP system". Graphic Arts Monthly
- Mapline: A Newsletter Published by the Hermon Dunlap Smith center for the History of Cartography
- Rand McNally & Company: Information and Much More from Answers.com
- Bauman, Larry (November 3, 1996) "Obtaining unlisted stocks can be difficult, rewarding" Dow Jones News Service
- SEC Info – Quebecor World USA Inc – 10-K405 – For December 27, 1998 – EX-13
- Rand McNally divests Troy business – Dayton Business Journal
- Pack, Todd (January 8, 1997) "Rand McNally to Sell Book Services Group" Lexington Herald-Leader
- Mcqueen Boosts Global Operation Through The Acquisition Of Rand Mcnally Media Services Group
- Untitled Document
- Baeb, Eddie (July 30, 2001) "Debt-laden map concern charts sale; Rand McNally technology lags, turnover hurts" Crain's Chicago Business
- Encyclopedia of Chicago
- Schroedter, Andrew (January 9, 2008) "Rand McNally HQ on the block as company acquired" Crain's Chicago Business
- Schroedter, Andrew (February 27, 2008) "Rand McNally in deal to sell Skokie HQ" Crain's Chicago Business
- Schroedter, Andrew (June 25, 2008) "Rand McNally moving but staying in Skokie" Crain's Chicago Business
- Press release (January 26, 2009) "Rand McNally Announces Corporate Headquarters Relocation" Business Wire
- About Canadian Cartographics Corporation
- The Book of Chicagoans, 1911
- RC2 CORP – RCRC Annual Report (10-K)
- ISO – Rand McNally Exec and CEO of Monroe Guaranty Insurance join board of Insurance Services Office, Inc.
- Rand McNally Maps Out a Trip into a Digital Future
- Aluminum exec ready to test mettle as Rand McNally CEO.(Norman E. Wells Jr.)(Brief Article) | Crain's Chicago Business | Find Articles at BNET.com
- Rand McNally Names Michael Hehir President and Chief Executive Officer | Business Wire | Find Articles at BNET.com
- Robert S. Apatoff Named CEO of Rand McNally & Company
- Robert S. Apatoff Named President of FTD
- Patriarch Partners Team
- Rand McNally – Timeline
- Millin Publishing (August 17, 1992) "Skokie, Ill.-based Rand McNally has acquired Nicholstone Holdings Inc. of Nashville, Tenn., parent of Nicholstone Software Services Corp., Nicholstone Looseleaf Cor. and Nicholstone Bindery. (Mergers/Acquisitions/Alliances)". Software Industry Report
- MacCormack, John (April 19, 1996). "Map firm's jobs hit the road". San Antonio Express-News
- Directions Magazine Press Release
- Directions Magazine Press Release
- About Perly's Maps
- "Mapping A Life's Journey: The Legacy of Andrew McNally III" by Janice A. Petterchak, privately printed by Rand McNally, 1995. Library of Congress 95-068047
- Online digitized versions of Rand, McNally & Co's 1879 Business Atlas and 1897 Indexed Atlas of the World at DavidRumsey.com.