Rand Paul

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Paul Rand.
Rand Paul
Rand Paul, official portrait, 112th Congress alternate.jpg
United States Senator
from Kentucky
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Serving with Mitch McConnell
Preceded by Jim Bunning
Personal details
Born Randal Howard Paul
(1963-01-07) January 7, 1963 (age 52)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Kelley Ashby (1990–present)
Relations Ron Paul (father)
Children William
Alma mater Baylor University
Duke University
Profession Ophthalmologist
Religion Presbyterian[1]
(Prev. Episcopalian)
Website Senate website

Randal Howard "Rand" Paul (born January 7, 1963) is an American politician who serves as the junior United States Senator for Kentucky, in office since 2011. A former ophthalmologist, he is a member of the Republican Party and the son of former U.S. Representative and presidential candidate Ron Paul of Texas.

A graduate of the Duke University School of Medicine, Paul began practicing ophthalmology in Bowling Green, Kentucky in 1993 and established his own clinic in December 2007. He became active in politics and founded Kentucky Taxpayers United in 1994, of which he is still chairman.[2] He first received national attention in 2008 when making political speeches on behalf of his father, who was campaigning for the Republican Party's nomination for president. In 2010, Paul ran for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by retiring Senator Jim Bunning of Kentucky, defeating Kentucky Secretary of State Trey Grayson in the Republican primary. He subsequently defeated the Democratic nominee, Kentucky Attorney General Jack Conway, in the general election.

Paul, a member of the Tea Party movement, supports a widespread reduction in federal spending and taxation, and is often described as a libertarian, although he rejects the label.[3] Unlike his more stridently non-interventionist father, Paul concedes a role for American armed forces abroad, including permanent foreign military bases.[4][5] He has garnered attention for his political positions, often clashing with both Republicans and Democrats.[6] With increasing visibility and straw poll support, Paul is seen as a likely Republican frontrunner in the 2016 presidential election. He has expressed interest in the race, but has not formally announced if he plans to run.

Early life and education

Randal Howard Paul[7] was born on January 7, 1963, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Carol (née Wells) and Ron Paul. His father is a physician and former U.S. Representative of Texas' 14th congressional district. The middle child of five, his siblings are Ronald "Ronnie" Paul Jr., Lori Paul Pyeatt, Robert Paul, and Joy Paul-LeBlanc.[8] Paul was baptized in the Episcopal Church[9] and identified as a practicing Christian as a teenager.[10] Despite his father's libertarian views and strong support for individual rights,[10][11] the novelist Ayn Rand was not the inspiration for his first name. Growing up, he went by "Randy",[12] but his wife shortened it to "Rand."[10][13][14]

The Paul family moved to Lake Jackson, Texas, in 1968,[12][15] where he was raised[16][17] and where his father began a medical practice and for an extent of time was the only obstetrician in Brazoria County.[12][15] When he was 13, his father was elected to the United States House of Representatives.[18] That same year, Paul attended the 1976 Republican National Convention, where his father headed Ronald Reagan's Texas delegation.[19] The younger Paul often spent summer vacations interning in his father's congressional office.[20] In his teenage years, Paul studied the Austrian economists that his father respected, as well as the writings of Objectivist philosopher Ayn Rand.[12] Paul went to Brazoswood High School and was on the swimming team and played defensive back on the football team.[10][16] Paul attended Baylor University from fall 1981 to summer 1984. He was enrolled in the honors program at Baylor, and had scored approximately in the 90th percentile on the Medical College Admission Test.[21] During the time he spent at Baylor, he was involved in the swim team and the Young Conservatives of Texas and was a member of a secret organization known as the NoZe Brotherhood.[22] Paul also regularly contributed to The Baylor Lariat.[19] Paul left Baylor early when he was accepted into the Duke University School of Medicine, where he earned an M.D. in 1988, and completed his residency in 1993.[21]

Medical career

Paul has held a state-issued medical license since moving to Bowling Green in 1993.[23] He received his first job from Dr. John Downing of Downing McPeak Vision Centers, which brought him to Bowling Green after completing his residency. Paul worked for Downing for about five years before parting ways. Afterwards, he went to work at the Gilbert Graves Clinic, a private medical group in Bowling Green, for 10 years before creating his own practice in a converted one-story house across the street from Downing's office.[24] After his election to the U.S. Senate, he merged his practice with Downing's medical practice.[25] Paul has faced two malpractice lawsuits between 1993 and 2010; he was cleared in one case while the other was settled for $50,000.[24] Regardless, his medical work has been praised by Downing and he has medical privileges at two Bowling Green hospitals.[23][24] Paul specializes in cataract and glaucoma surgeries, LASIK procedures, and corneal transplants.[13] As a member of the Bowling Green Noon Lions Club, Paul founded the Southern Kentucky Lions Eye Clinic in 2009 to help provide eye surgery and exams for those who cannot afford to pay.[26] Rand Paul won the Melvin Jones Fellow Award for Dedicated Humanitarian Services from the Lions Club International Foundation for his work establishing the Southern Kentucky Lions Eye Clinic.[27]

In 1995, Paul passed the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) boards on his first attempt and earned board-certification under the ABO for 10 years. In 1997, to protest the ABO's 1992 decision to grandfather in older ophthalmologists and not require them to be recertified every 10 years in order to maintain their status as board-certified practitioners, Paul, along with 200 other ophthalmologists, formed the National Board of Ophthalmology (NBO) to offer an alternative ophthalmology certification system.[28][29] The NBO was incorporated in 1999, but he allowed it to be dissolved in 2000 after not filing the required paperwork with the Kentucky Secretary of State's office. Paul later recreated the board in September 2005, three months before his original 10-year certification from the ABO lapsed. His ABO certification lapsed on December 31, 2005. Paul has since been certified by the NBO,[23] with himself as the organization's president, his wife as vice-president, and his father-in-law as secretary.[30] The ophthalmology board is not officially recognized by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS).[23] The NBO was again dissolved on September 10, 2011.[31]

Political activism

Paul served as the head of the local chapter of the Young Conservatives of Texas during his time at Baylor University.[19] In 1984, Paul took a semester off to aid his father's primary challenge to Republican Senator Phil Gramm.[19] While attending Duke Medical School, Paul volunteered for his father's 1988 Libertarian presidential campaign.[20] In response to President Bush breaking his election promise to not raise taxes, Paul founded the North Carolina Taxpayers Union in 1991.[20] In 1994, Paul founded the anti-tax organization Kentucky Taxpayers United (KTU), serving as chair of the organization from its inception. He has often cited his involvement with KTU as the foundation of his involvement with state politics.[32] Described as "ideological and conservative" by the Lexington Herald-Leader, the group considered itself nonpartisan,[33][34] examining Kentucky legislators' records on taxation and spending and encouraging politicians to publicly pledge to vote uniformly against tax increases.[35][36] Paul managed his father's successful 1996 Congressional campaign, in which the elder Paul returned to the House after a twelve-year absence.[19] The elder Paul defeated incumbent Democrat-turned-Republican Greg Laughlin in the Republican primary, despite Laughlin's support from the NRCC and Republican leaders such as Newt Gingrich and George W. Bush.[19]

The Wall Street Journal reported in 2010 that although Paul had told a Kentucky television audience as recently as September 2009 that KTU published ratings each year on state legislators' tax positions and that "we've done that for about 15 years", the group had stopped issuing its ratings and report cards after 2002 and had been legally dissolved by the state in 2000 after failing to file registration documents.[32]

Paul spoke on his father's behalf when his father was campaigning for office,[37] including throughout the elder Paul's run in the 2008 presidential election, during which Rand campaigned door-to-door in New Hampshire[38] and spoke in Boston at a fundraising rally for his father on the 234th anniversary of the Boston Tea Party.[39]

In February 2014, Paul joined the Tea Party-affiliated conservative advocacy group FreedomWorks in filing a class-action lawsuit charging that the US government's bulk collection of Americans' phone records metadata is a violation of the Fourth Amendment of the US Constitution.[40][41][42] Commenting on the lawsuit at a press conference, Paul said, "I’m not against the NSA, I’m not against spying, I’m not against looking at phone records.... I just want you to go to a judge, have an individual’s name and [get] a warrant. That’s what the Fourth Amendment says."[40] He also said there was no evidence the surveillance of phone metadata had stopped terrorism.[40] Critics, including Harvard University law professor Alan Dershowitz[43] and Steven Aftergood, the director of the American Scientists' Project on Government Secrecy,[42] called the lawsuit a political "stunt". Paul's political campaign organization said that the names of members of the public who went to Paul's websites and signed on as potential class-action participants would be available in the organization's database for future campaign use.[40][44] On the announcement of the filing of the lawsuit, Mattie Fein, the spokeswoman for and former wife of attorney Bruce Fein, complained that Fein's intellectual contribution to the lawsuit had been stolen and that he had not been properly paid for his work.[45] Paul's representatives denied the charge, and Fein issued a statement saying that Mattie Fein had not been authorized to speak for him on the matter and that he had in fact been paid for his work on the lawsuit.[45]

Paul is co-author of a book entitled The Tea Party Goes to Washington (2011) with Jack Hunter, also known as the "Southern Avenger."[46][47] Paul is also the author of Government Bullies: How Everyday Americans Are Being Harassed, Abused, and Imprisoned by the Feds (2012).[48]

Paul was included in Time magazine's world's most influential people, for 2013 and 2014.[49][50]

Election to U.S. Senate

Primary campaign

Then-U.S. Senate candidate Rand Paul speaking with a supporter at a healthcare rally in Louisville, Kentucky in November 2009

At the beginning of 2009, there was an online grassroots movement to draft Paul in a bid to replace beleaguered Republican Kentucky senator Jim Bunning. The news of Paul's potential candidacy became a topic of national interest and was discussed in the Los Angeles Times[51] and locally in the Kentucky press.[52] Paul's father remarked, "Should Senator Bunning decide not to run, I think Rand would make a great U.S. Senator."[53]

On May 1, 2009, Paul officially confirmed that if Bunning, whose fundraising in 2009 matched his poor numbers in opinion polling for the 2010 election,[54] declined to seek a third term, he would almost certainly run in the Republican Party primary to succeed him,[55] and formed an exploratory committee soon after, while still promising to stay out of the race if Bunning ultimately decided to run for reelection. Paul made this announcement on MSNBC's The Rachel Maddow Show, though a Kentucky news site first broke the news.[56]

On July 28, 2009, Bunning announced that he would not run for reelection in the face of insufficient fundraising. The announcement left only Paul and Secretary of State Trey Grayson as the remaining candidates for the Republican nomination,[57] with Paul announcing on August 5, 2009 that he would officially run for the U.S. Senate as a Republican. The announcement was made through a series of national TV events, radio, and other programs, as well as newspapers in Kentucky.[58][59][60]

Early fundraising success

On August 20, 2009, Paul's supporters planned a moneybomb to kick off his campaign. The official campaign took in $433,509 in 24 hours. His website reported that this set a new record in Kentucky's political fundraising history in a 24-hour period.[61]

A second "moneybomb" was held on September 23, 2009, to counter a D.C. fundraiser being held for primary opponent Trey Grayson, by 23 Republican United States Senators, 17 of whom voted for the bank bailout.[62] The theme was a UFC "fight" between Paul and "We the People" vs. Trey Grayson and the "D.C. Insiders".[63] The money bomb ended up raising $186,276 for Paul in 24 hours on September 23;[64] bringing Paul's Senate campaign's total raised to over one million. Later in the campaign, Paul claimed his pledge to not take money from lobbyists and Senators who had voted for the bailout was only a "primary pledge";[65] he subsequently held a DC fundraiser with the same Senators who had been the target of the September 23, 2009 "moneybomb". Paul ended up raising some $3 million during the primary period.

Paul's fundraising was aided by his father's network of supporters.[19] After the first of several interviews with Alex Jones, Paul's campaign server crashed due to the high level of donor traffic.[19]

Primary victory

Then-U.S. Senate candidate Rand Paul with then-Senator Jim Bunning at a rally in Hebron, Kentucky in November 2010

Although Grayson was considered the frontrunner in July 2009,[66] Paul found success characterizing Grayson as a "career politician" and challenging Grayson's conservatism. Paul ran an ad in February that made an issue out of Grayson's September 2008 admission that he voted for Bill Clinton when he was 20 years old.[67] James Dobson, a Christian evangelical figure, endorsed Grayson on April 26 based on the advice of what Dobson described as "senior members of the GOP", but on May 3 the Paul campaign announced that Dobson had changed his endorsement to Paul[68] after Paul and some Paul supporters had lobbied Dobson insisting on Paul's social conservative bona fides.[69]

On May 18, Paul won the Republican Senatorial primary by a 23.4% margin,[70][71] meaning he would face the Kentucky Attorney General Jack Conway, in the November 2 general election.[72]

General campaign

In the 2010 general election, Paul faced Kentucky Attorney General Jack Conway. The campaign attracted $8.5 million in contributions from outside groups, of which $6 million was spent to help Paul and $2.5 million to help Conway. This money influx was in addition to the money spent by the candidates themselves: $6 million by Paul and $4.7 million by Conway.[73][74] On June 28, 2010, Paul supporters held their first post-primary online fundraising drive, this time promoted as a "money blast".[75][76]

Paul's campaign got off to a rough start after his comments on the Civil Rights Act of 1964 stirred controversy.[77] Paul stated that he favored 9 out of 10 titles of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but that had he been a senator during the 1960s, he would have raised some questions on the constitutionality of Title II of the Act.[78] Paul said that he abhors racism, and that he would have marched with Martin Luther King Jr. to repeal Jim Crow Laws. He later released a statement declaring that he would have voted for the Act and stated "unequivocally ... that I will not support any efforts to repeal the Civil Rights Act of 1964".[79][80] Later he generated more controversy by characterizing statements made by Obama Administration officials regarding the BP oil spill cleanup as sounding "un-American".[81]

Paul defeated Conway in the general election with 56% of the vote to 44% for Conway.

U.S. Senate career

112th Congress (2011–13)

Rand Paul being sworn in as a senator by Vice President Joe Biden, along with his family, in the Old Senate Chamber in the United States Capitol building

Paul was sworn in on January 5, 2011 along with his father, marking the first time in congressional history that someone served in the Senate while their parent simultaneously served in the House of Representatives.[82] He was assigned to serve on the Energy and Natural Resources, Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, Homeland Security and Government Affairs, and Small Business committees.[83] Paul also formed the Senate Tea Party Caucus with Jim DeMint and Mike Lee as its inaugural members.[84] His first legislative proposal was to cut $500 billion from federal spending in one year. This proposal included cutting the Department of Education by 83 percent and the Department of Homeland Security by 43 percent, as well as folding the Department of Energy into the Department of Defense and eliminating the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Seven independent agencies would be eliminated and food stamps would be cut by 30 percent. Under Paul's proposal, defense spending would be reduced by 6.5 percent and international aid would be eliminated.[85] He later proposed a five-year budget plan intended to balance the budget.[86]

In February, Paul was one of two Republicans to vote against extending three key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act (roving wiretaps, searches of business records, and conducting surveillance of "lone wolves"—individuals not linked to terrorist groups).[87] In May, he remained the last senator opposing the PATRIOT Act, and was ultimately defeated on May 26.[88]

On March 2, Paul was one of nine senators to vote against a stopgap bill that cut $4 billion from the budget and temporarily prevent a government shutdown, citing that it did not cut enough from the budget.[89] One week later, he voted against the Democratic and Republican budget proposals to keep funding the federal government, citing that both bills did not cut enough spending. Both bills failed to pass the Senate.[90] He later voted against stopgap measures on March 17 and April 8, both of which passed the senate.[91] On April 14, He was one of 19 senators to vote against a budget that cut $38.5 billion from the budget and fund the government for the remainder of the fiscal year.[92] Paul voiced opposition to U.S. intervention in the Libyan civil war and has criticized President Obama for not gaining congressional consent for Operation Odyssey Dawn.[93] During the debt ceiling crisis, the Senator stated that he would only support raising the debt ceiling if a balanced budget amendment was enacted.[94] Paul was a supporter of the Cut, Cap and Balance Act, which was tabled by Democratic opposition.[95] On August 3, Paul voted against a bill that would raise the debt ceiling.[96]

On September 7, Paul called for a vote of no confidence in U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner.[97] Later that month, Paul blocked legislation that would strengthen safety rules for oil and gas pipelines because he stated the bill was not strong enough.[98] In October, Paul blocked a bill that would provide $36 million in benefits for elderly and disabled refugees, saying that he was concerned that it could be used to aid domestic terrorists. This was in response to two alleged terrorists, who came to the United States through a refugee program and were receiving welfare benefits, were arrested in 2011 in Paul's hometown of Bowling Green.[99] Paul lifted his hold on the bill after Democratic leaders promised to hold a Congressional hearing into how individuals are selected for refugee status and request an investigation on how the two suspects were admitted in the country through a refugee program.[100]

113th Congress (2013–15)

For the 113th Congress, Paul was added to the Foreign Relations committee and retained his spot on the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions, Homeland Security and Government Affairs, and Small Business committees.[101]

On March 6–7, 2013, Paul engaged in a talking filibuster to delay voting on the nomination of John O. Brennan as the Director of the CIA. Paul questioned the Obama administration's use of drones and the stated legal justification for their potential use within the United States.

Rand Paul speaking during his filibuster

Paul held the floor for 12 hours and 52 minutes.[102] He ceded to several Republican senators and Democratic senator, Ron Wyden, who generally also questioned drone usage.[103][104] Paul noted his purpose was to challenge drone policy in general and specifically as it related to noncombatants on U.S. soil. He requested a pledge from the Administration that noncombatants would not be targeted on U.S. soil.[105] Attorney General Eric Holder responded that the President is not authorized to deploy extrajudicial punishment without due process, against non combatant citizens. Paul answered that he was "quite happy" with the response.[106] The filibuster was ended with a cloture vote of 81 to 16, and Brennan was confirmed by the Senate with a vote of 63 to 34.[107]

In March 2013, Paul, with Senators Ted Cruz and Mike Lee, threatened another filibuster, this one opposing any legislative proposals to expand federal gun control measures.[108] The filibuster was attempted on April 11, 2013, but was dismissed by cloture, in a 68–31 vote.[109]

Also in March 2013, Paul endorsed fellow Kentucky Republican Senator Mitch McConnell's 2014 re-election campaign.[110] McConnell had previously hired Paul's 2010 campaign manager, Jesse Benton, as his own campaign manager.[111] Paul's endorsement was seen as a major win for McConnell in avoiding a challenge in the Republican primary.[110]

In response to Detroit's declaration of bankruptcy, Paul stated he would not allow the government to attempt to bail out Detroit. In a phone interview with Breitbart.com on July 19, 2013, Paul said, "I basically say he is bailing them out over my dead body because we don't have any money in Washington." Paul said he thought a federal bailout would send the wrong message to other cities with financial problems.[112]

In September, Paul stated that the United States should avoid military intervention in the ongoing Syrian civil war.[113] In an op-ed, Paul disputed the Obama administration's claims that the threat of military force caused Syria's government to consider turning over its chemical weapons, instead arguing that the opposition to military action in Syria, and the delay that it caused, led to diplomatic progress.[114]

In October 2013, Paul was the subject of some controversy when it was discovered that he had plagiarized from Wikipedia part of a speech in support of Virginia gubernatorial candidate Ken Cuccinelli. Referencing the movie Gattaca, Paul quoted almost verbatim from the Wikipedia article about the film without citing the source.[115][116][117] Evidence soon surfaced that Paul had copied passages in a number of his other speeches and published works nearly verbatim from other authors without giving credit to the original sources,[118][119] including in the speech he had given as the Tea Party rebuttal to the president's 2013 State of the Union address and in a three-page-long passage of Paul's book Government Bullies, which was taken directly from an article by the conservative think thank The Heritage Foundation.[120][121] When it became apparent that an op-ed article Paul had published in the Washington Times and testimony he had given before the Senate Judiciary Committee both contained material that was virtually identical to an article that had been published by another author in The Week a few days earlier,[122] the Washington Times said that the newspaper would no longer publish the weekly column Paul had been contributing to the paper.[123] After a week of almost daily news reports of new allegations of plagiarism, Paul said that he was being held to an "unfair standard", but would restructure his office in order to prevent mistakes in the future, if that would be what it would take "to make people leave me the hell alone".[124]

In response to political turmoil in Ukraine in early 2014, Paul initially said that the US should remain mindful of the fact that although the Cold War is over, Russia remains a military power with long-range nuclear missiles. He said that the US should try to maintain a "respectful relationship with Russia" and avoid taking actions that the Russians might view as a provocation, such as seeking to have Ukraine join NATO or otherwise interfering in Russia's relationship with Ukraine.[125] Two weeks later, after the Russian parliament authorized the use of military force in Ukraine[126] and Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered military exercises along Russia's border with Ukraine,[127] Paul began taking a different tone.[128] He wrote: "Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine is a gross violation of that nation’s sovereignty and an affront to the international community.... Putin must be punished for violating the Budapest Memorandum, and Russia must learn that the U.S. will isolate it if it insists on acting like a rogue nation."[129] He said that the US and European allies could retaliate against Russia's military aggression without any need for military action. He urged that the US impose economic sanctions on Russia and resume an effort to build defensive anti-missile installations in Poland and the Czech Republic. He also called for the US to take steps as a counterweight to Russia's strategic influence on Europe's oil and gas supply, such as lifting restrictions on new exploration and drilling for fossil fuels in the United States along with immediate approval of the controversial Keystone Pipeline, which he said would allow the US to ship more oil and gas to Europe if Russia attempts to cut off its own supply to Europe.[129]

Paul played a leading role in blocking a treaty with Switzerland that would enable the IRS to conduct tax evasion probes, arguing that the treaty would infringe upon Americans' privacy.[130]

In response to reports that the CIA infiltrated the computers of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Paul called for the firing of CIA Director John O. Brennan.[131]

Paul received the 2014 Distinguished Service Award from the Center for the National Interest (formally called the Nixon Center) for his public policy work.[132]

In December 2014, Paul supported the actions to change the US policy towards Cuba and trade with that country taken by the Obama administration.[133]

Committee assignments


2016 presidential politics

Rand Paul speaking at the 2013 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland on March 14, 2013

In a January 2013 interview, he spoke of a possible 2016 presidential candidacy. While not promising a run, he stated the decision would be made within the next two years. He also indicated his intention to shape GOP politics regardless of a run.[134] He delivered the Tea Party response to President Barack Obama's State of the Union address on February 13, 2013,[135] while Marco Rubio gave the official Republican response. This prompted some pundits to call that date the start of the 2016 Republican primaries.[136] In March he spoke at the 2013 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in Washington D.C.,[137] where he won the presidential straw poll with 25% of the votes cast.[138]

His 2013 itinerary reportedly included trips through several early primary states.[139] In April he won the Pennsylvania Leadership Conference poll and the Tennessee Republican Assembly straw poll, taking 39%[140] and 58%[141] respectively. At a Christian Science Monitor–sponsored breakfast that month, he reaffirmed that he was considering a run for the presidency and said no decision would be made before 2014.[142]

Paul again spoke at CPAC in March 2014.[143][144][145] At the peak of his speech Senator Paul stated, "You may think I am talking about electing a Republican. I am not, I am talking about electing lovers of liberty. It isn't good enough to pick the lesser of two evils. We must elect men and women of principle, and conviction and action that will lead us back to greatness."[143][146] The day after his speech he won the presidential straw poll with 31% of the votes cast, nearly triple the votes cast for runner-up Senator Ted Cruz with 11%.[147][148][149]

The following month, Paul spoke at the GOP Freedom Summit, an event organized by Americans for Prosperity and Citizens United.[150] The event was attended by several potential presidential candidates.[151] In his speech, he insisted that the GOP has to broaden its appeal in order to grow as a party. To do so, he said it cannot be the party of "fat cats, rich people and Wall Street" and that the conservative movement has never been about rich people or privilege, "we are the middle class", he said. Paul also said that conservatives must present a message of justice and concern for the unemployed and be against government surveillance to attract new people to the movement, including the young, Hispanics, and blacks.[152][153][154]

In April 2011, Paul filed to run for re-election to his Senate seat in 2016.[155] If he does become the Republican presidential (or vice-presidential) nominee, state law prohibits him from simultaneously running for re-election.[156] In March 2014, the Republican-controlled Kentucky Senate passed a bill that would allow Paul to run for both offices, but the Democratic-controlled Kentucky House of Representatives declined to take it up.[157][158][159] Paul spent his own campaign money in the 2014 legislative elections, helping Republican candidates for the State House in the hopes of flipping the chamber, thus allowing the legislature to pass the bill (Democratic Governor Steve Beshear's veto can be overridden with a simple majority).[160][161] However, the Democrats retained their 54-46 majority in the State House.[162][163][164]

Political positions

A member of the Tea Party movement,[165][166] Paul has described himself as a "constitutional conservative".[167] He is generally described as a libertarian, a term he both embraced[168] and rejected[169] during his first Senate campaign. He supports term limits, a balanced budget amendment, and the Read the Bills Act, in addition to the widespread reduction of federal spending and taxation.[6] He has said that he favors some form of a flat tax, but has not released a detailed proposal.[170]

Unlike his more stridently "non-interventionist" father, Paul concedes a role for American armed forces abroad, including permanent foreign military bases.[171] He has said that he blames supporters of the Iraq War and not President Obama for the growth in violence that occurred in 2014, and that any threat to the USA from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant was merely conjecture.[172] Dick Cheney, John McCain and Rick Perry have responded by calling Paul an isolationist,[173][174] but Paul has pointed to opinion polls of likely GOP primary voters as support for his position.[175] Paul also stated: "I personally believe that this group would not be in Iraq and would not be as powerful had we not been supplying their allies in the war [against Syrian Bashar al-Assad's government]."[176] Paul then supported airstrikes against ISIL, but questioned the constitutionality of Obama's unilateral actions without a clear congressional mandate.[177][178] Paul has stated concerns about arms sent to Syrian rebels that wind up in unfriendly hands.[179]

On social issues, Paul describes himself as "100% pro life",[180] believing that legal personhood begins at fertilization.[181][182][183] In 2009 his position was to ban abortion under all circumstances.[184][185] Since 2010 he has said he would allow for a doctor's discretion in life-threatening cases such as ectopic pregnancies.[186] Paul opposes same-sex marriage, but believes the issue should be left to the states to decide and would not support a federal ban.[187][188] He has criticized mandatory minimums that have led to unreasonably harsh sentences for repeated offenders. He has highlighted the case of Timothy L. Tyler as particularly unfair.[189] Paul does not believe in legalizing drugs like marijuana and cocaine at the federal level,[169] but supports state laws to legalize the use of marijuana for medical purposes.[190]

Personal life

Paul is married to Kelley (née Ashby) Paul. They live in Bowling Green, Kentucky, where she is a freelance writer and manages payroll and marketing communications for his ophthalmology practice.[191] They have three sons: William, Duncan, and Robert. Paul wears hearing aids in both ears.[192]

See also


  1. ^ "About Rand Paul - RAND PAC - Reinventing A New Direction PAC". RAND PAC - Reinventing A New Direction PAC. 
  2. ^ Blackmon, Douglas A. (October 14, 2010). "Rand Paul's Antitax Group Has Been Inactive for Years". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  3. ^ Jay Newton-Small. March 17, 2010. Is Rand Paul Good or Bad for Republicans? "They thought all along that they could call me a libertarian and hang that label around my neck like an albatross, but I'm not a libertarian," Paul says. TIME. Retrieved: 14 August 2014.
  4. ^ Ward, Jon (April 1, 2013). "Rand Paul Supports Some Military Bases On Foreign Soil, A Big Difference From His Dad". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  5. ^ Antle, W. James (February 6, 2013). "Rand Paul calls for less interventionist GOP foreign policy". The Daily Calle. Retrieved November 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Schreiner, Bruce (September 12, 2010). "Paul says GOP shares blame for deficits". The Daily Caller. Retrieved October 23, 2010. 
  7. ^ Alessi, Ryan (September 13, 2010). "Paul's top goal is to cut federal spending". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved December 16, 2010. 
  8. ^ Stonington, Joel (October 4, 2010). "How Old Is Rand Paul?". Politics Daily. Retrieved December 16, 2010. 
  9. ^ O'Bryan, Jason (October 25, 2010). "What Is Rand Paul's Religion?". Politics Daily. Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d Wolfson, Andrew (October 18, 2010). "Rand Paul rides tide of anti-Washington sentiment". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  11. ^ Healy, Gene (May 18, 2010). "Rand Paul, Anti-Incumbent Republican". Cato Institute. Retrieved February 8, 2011. Given father Ron's libertarian convictions, people often assume that he is named after the self-styled 'radical for capitalism' who wrote Atlas Shrugged. 
  12. ^ a b c d Leibovich, Mark (June 6, 2010). "For Paul Family, Libertarian Ethos Began at Home". The New York Times. Retrieved June 6, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b Rettig, Jessica (June 3, 2010). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Rand Paul". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
  14. ^ Burnette, Eric (September 7, 2010). "The Gospel According to Paul: Louisville Magazine's inside look at U.S. Senate candidate Rand Paul". Louisville Magazine. Retrieved December 30, 2010. 
  15. ^ a b Watterson, Mark (2008). Don't Weep for Me, America: How Democracy in America Became the Prince (While We Slept). Dorrance Publishing. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-8059-7890-2. 
  16. ^ a b Horowitz, Jason (February 4, 2010). "Running for Senate, Rand Paul lights a fire under Kentucky GOP". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  17. ^ Wolfford, David (April 5, 2010). "Rand against the Machine". National Review. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  18. ^ Straub, Bill (September 19, 2010). "Off and running: Rand Paul". Evansville Courier & Press. Retrieved February 23, 2011. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h Lizza, Ryan (6 October 2014). "The Revenge of Rand Paul". New Yorker. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  20. ^ a b c Sam Tanenhaus; Jim Rutenberg (January 25, 2014). "Rand Paul’s Mixed Inheritance". New York Times. Retrieved January 27, 2014. 
  21. ^ a b Brammer, Jack (August 5, 2010). "Contrary to some media reports, Rand Paul has no bachelor's degree". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved September 10, 2010. 
  22. ^ Brammer, Jack (September 28, 2010). "Paul: GQ allegations 'absolutely untrue'". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved February 27, 2011. 
  23. ^ a b c d Gerth, Joseph (June 14, 2010). "Rand Paul's ophthalmology certification not recognized by national clearinghouse". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  24. ^ a b c Van Benschoten, Amanda (July 5, 2010). "Rand Paul's political rise surprises even those in Bowling Green". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  25. ^ Harmon, Hayley (January 5, 2011). "Rand Paul's Practice Merges with Downing-McPeak". WBKO. Retrieved March 12, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Son of long-shot presidential hopeful to visit Montana". Billings, Montana: KULR-TV. Associated Press. January 21, 2008. Retrieved April 4, 2009. 
  27. ^ Thomason, Andrew (5 September 2010). "Rand Paul’s balancing act". Park City Daily News. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  28. ^ Weigel, David (June 14, 2010). "Rand Paul: I passed my ophthalmology certification, but took a stand against the way the board operates". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 22, 2011. 
  29. ^ Montopoli, Brian (June 14, 2010). "Rand Paul's Addresses Ophthalmology Certification Questions". CBS News. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Rand Paul's Doctor Credentials Questioned for Lacking Top Board's Certification". Associated Press. Fox News Channel. June 14, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  31. ^ "Certificate of Dissolution". Kentucky Secretary of State. Retrieved February 5, 2013. 
  32. ^ a b Blackmon, Douglas A. (October 14, 2010). "Rand Paul's antitax group has been inactive for years". Wall Street Journal. 
  33. ^ "56 Honored by Taxpayers Group". Lexington Herald-Leader. April 16, 1996. p. C4. Retrieved April 4, 2009. 
  34. ^ "Legislators Honored as Anti-Tax 'Heroes' But Several Honorees Recently Voted for Tax". Lexington Herald-Leader. April 13, 2000. p. A12. Retrieved April 4, 2009. 
  35. ^ Collins, Michael (April 16, 1996). "8 Legislators Named Friends of Taxpayers". Kentucky Post (Covington, Kentucky). Retrieved April 4, 2009. Recognized by Kentucky Taxpayers United were Sens. Gex 'Jay' Williams and Dick Roeding and Reps. Charlie Walton, Paul Marcotte, Katie Stine, Tom Kerr, Dick Murgatroyd and Jon David Reinhardt [...] Rand Paul, the group's chairman, said the organization did the ranking so voters could see where their lawmakers stand on the issues. 
  36. ^ Paul, Rand (March 29, 2000). "Not One Cent More". Kentucky Post. Retrieved April 4, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Dr. Rand Paul: Upcoming Events". Ron Paul 2008. Archived from the original on January 23, 2008. Retrieved December 20, 2007. 
  38. ^ Gaines, Jim (June 6, 2007). "Bowling Green ophthalmologist says father, Rep. Ron Paul, R-Texas, stands a good chance in N.H. primary election". Bowling Green Daily News. Retrieved April 4, 2009. 
  39. ^ Santora, Marc (December 16, 2007). "Reinventing the revolution". New York Times. 
  40. ^ a b c d Glueck, Katie (February 12, 2014). "Rand Paul files class-action suit vs NSA". Politico. 
  41. ^ Fuller, Jaime (February 12, 2014). "Rand Paul files suit against Obama, NSA Wednesday". Washington Post. 
  42. ^ a b Carroll, James R. (February 12, 2014). "Rand Paul files lawsuit against NSA, President Obama over phone surveillance". Courier-Journal. 
  43. ^ Klimas, Jacqueline (February 12, 2014). "Rand Paul pandering to GOP with NSA lawsuit, former Dem governor says". Washington Times. 
  44. ^ Ballhaus, Rebecca (February 12, 2014). "Rand Paul files class action lawsuit over NSA surveillance". Washington Post. 
  45. ^ a b Milbank, Dana (February 13, 2014). "E-mails back claim that Sen. Rand Paul 'stole' NSA lawsuit". Washington Post. 
  46. ^ The Tea Party Goes to Washington, Nashville: Center Street, 2011. 254 pp.
  47. ^ Lowman, Stephen (February 22, 2011). "Every Congress member to get Rand Paul's book". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 5, 2011. 
  48. ^ ASIN 1455522759
  49. ^ Gavin, Patrick (April 18, 2013). "Politicians line Time's 100 list". Politico. Retrieved April 18, 2013. 
  50. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (April 24, 2014). "Paul, Gillibrand Represent the Senate on Time’s ’100 Most Influential’". Roll Call. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  51. ^ "Ron Paul defends earmarks, says anti-pork McCain is just grandstanding". Los Angeles Times. March 11, 2009. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  52. ^ "Rand Paul Set To Launch", www.kywordsmith.com. May 9, 2009
  53. ^ Martin, T. (March 21, 2009). "Congressman Paul's Statement on His Son Rand Paul". Pediatrics Week. 
  54. ^ Silver, Nate (May 1, 2009). "Bunning Retirement Might Not Save GOP in Kentucky". FiveThirtyEight.com. 
  55. ^ "Dr. Rand Paul Ready To Enter Primary For Bunning's Seat". WBKO. May 1, 2009. 
  56. ^ "Rand Paul To Form Exploratory Committee For U.S. Senate Bid...", www.kywordsmith.com. May 14, 2009
  57. ^ Memoli, Mike (June 15, 2009). "Politics Nation – KY Sen: Potential Bunning Challenger Passes On Race". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved May 19, 2010. 
  58. ^ Gerth, Joseph (August 5, 2009). "Paul says he will run for Senate". Courier-Journal. Retrieved August 5, 2009. 
  59. ^ Giroux, Greg (August 5, 2009). "Rand Paul Declares Candidacy For Kentucky Senate Seat". CQ Politics. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  60. ^ Keck, Kristi (August 6, 2009). "Ron Paul's son following in father's footsteps". CNN. Retrieved August 7, 2009. 
  61. ^ "Rand Bomb Breaks Record". Randpaul2010.com. August 22, 2009. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  62. ^ "Lexington Herald-Leader – Web site promotes 'fight' to raise money for Paul", Bluegrass Politics September 1, 2009
  63. ^ "Kentucky Fight – Rand vs. Trey", kentuckyfight.com September 1, 2009
  64. ^ "Rand Paul Graphs – September 23, 2009", tinypic.com September 24, 2009
  65. ^ Schreiner, Bruce (June 23, 2010). "Rand Paul flips, seeks money from bailout senators". The Guardian (London). 
  66. ^ Jack Brammer Some conservatives wary of Grayson Lexington Herald Leader July 28, 2009
  67. ^ Jack Brammer Senate ads trade barbs on defense Lexington Herald Leader February 27. 2010
  68. ^ Dr. James Dobson Endorses Rand Paul RandPaul2010.com
  69. ^ David Weigel James Dobson endorses Rand Paul, apologizes for having previously backed his opponent Washington Post May 3, 2010
  70. ^ 2010 KY Primary results KY Secretary of State.
  71. ^ "Official 2010 Kentucky Election Results". Kentucky Secretary of State. Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  72. ^ Gourlay, Kristin Espeland (May 18, 2010). "Conway Wins Democratic Primary for U.S. Senate Seat". WFPL radio. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  73. ^ Steitzer, Stephanie (October 29, 2010). "Outside groups spend big in U.S. Senate race". Courier-Journal. 
  74. ^ "Super PACs". Sunlight Foundation. 
  75. ^ "GoRandGo.com – Road to Victory Money Blast", gorandgo.com/ June 7, 2010
  76. ^ "Rand Paul supporters plan 'Moneyblast'", June 7, 2010
  77. ^ Thompson, Krissah and Dan Balz. "Rand Paul comments about civil rights stir controversy", The Washington Post, May 21, 2010
  78. ^ "Rand Paul Says He Has A Tea Party 'Mandate'". All Things Considered. NPR. May 19, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2010. 
  79. ^ "More raw video: Rand Paul sits down with Joe Arnold to address recent controversial statements". Whas11.com. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  80. ^ "Rand Paul Sets the Record Straight". Randpaul2010.com. May 20, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  81. ^ Stein, Sam (May 21, 2010). "Rand Paul: Obama Sounds 'Un-American' For Criticizing BP Over Gulf Oil Spill". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 3, 2010. 
  82. ^ Douglas, William (January 5, 2011). "Father watches with pride as Rand Paul becomes U.S. senator". The McClatchy Company. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  83. ^ "Four committee assignments for Rand Paul". Lexington Herald-Leader. January 28, 2011. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  84. ^ Sonmez, Felicia (January 14, 2011). "Rand Paul announces Senate Tea Party Caucus". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  85. ^ Straub, Bill (January 28, 2011). "Kentucky Sen. Rand Paul rolls out budget ax". Evansville Courier & Press. Retrieved January 29, 2011. 
  86. ^ Bruce, Mary (March 17, 2011). "Sen. Paul Unveils 5-Year Budget Plan: Eliminates Four Federal Agencies". ABC News. Retrieved March 24, 2011. 
  87. ^ Sonmez, Felicia (February 15, 2011). "Senate passes short-term extension of Patriot Act provisions". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 17, 2011. 
  88. ^ Belenky, Alexander (May 26, 2011). "Patriot Act Extension Passes Senate, Rand Paul Amendments Fail". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on May 26, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  89. ^ Middleton, Neil (March 2, 2011). "Yarmuth and Paul vote no on stopgap spending bill". WYMT-TV. Retrieved March 4, 2011. 
  90. ^ Ferrechio, Susan (March 9, 2011). "Senate rejects budget plans 9 days before deadline". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved March 10, 2011. 
  91. ^ Jaffe, Matthew (March 17, 2011). "Kickin' the Can: Senate Passes Stop-Gap Spending Plan, Buys Lawmakers Three More Weeks To Solve Funding Mess". ABC News. Retrieved April 9, 2011. 
  92. ^ Bowman, Quinn (April 14, 2011). "House, Senate Pass Bipartisan Budget Deal to Fund Government". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved May 26, 2011. 
  93. ^ Straub, Bill (March 30, 2011). "Kentucky Senator Paul berates Obama for 'cavalierly taking us to war'". Evansville Courier & Press. Retrieved April 14, 2011. 
  94. ^ Klein, Rick (June 30, 2011). "Sen. Rand Paul: No Debt Ceiling Increase Without Balanced Budget Amendment". ABC News. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  95. ^ Hayward, John (July 22, 2011). "Cut, Cap, and Balance Killed". Human Events. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  96. ^ Marchmon, Jay (August 2, 2011). "Rand Paul reacts to passage of debt ceiling bill". WPSD-TV. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  97. ^ Hughes, Siobhan (September 8, 2011). "Rand Paul Calls for No Confidence on Geithner". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 8, 2011. 
  98. ^ Simon, Richard (October 5, 2011). "Rand Paul blocks pipeline-safety bill, frustrating Californians". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  99. ^ Wong, Scott (October 5, 2011). "Rand Paul blocking refugee funds". Politico. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  100. ^ Wong, Scott (October 17, 2011). "Rand Paul ends hold on SSI benefits". Politico. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  101. ^ McCarthy, Daniel (January 3, 2013). "Rand Paul on the Foreign Relations Committee — and What It Means". The American Conservative. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  102. ^ Josh Voorhees (March 7, 2013). "Rand Paul Ends Epic Mr. Smith-Style Filibuster After More Than 12 Hours". Slate. Retrieved March 7, 2013. 
  103. ^ "Sen. Paul holds floor for hours in filibuster of CIA nominee, over drone concerns". Fox News Channel. March 6, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
  104. ^ Ewing, Philip (March 6, 2013). "Rand Paul pulls plug on nearly 13-hour filibuster on drones". Politico. Retrieved March 6, 2013. 
  105. ^ Michaels, Jim (March 7, 2013). "Rand Paul ends epic filibuster over Brennan". USA Today. Retrieved March 7, 2013. 
  106. ^ "Rand Paul 'happy' with drone response". CNN. March 3, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  107. ^ "Brennan Confirmed to Lead the C.I.A." Sarah Wheaton. The New York Times. March 7, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013
  108. ^ Allen, Jonathan (March 25, 2013). "Rand Paul and Ted Cruz threaten filibuster on guns". Politico. Retrieved March 25, 2013. 
  109. ^ "Gun bill clears Senate hurdle as filibuster falls short". 
  110. ^ a b Howley, Patrick (March 27, 2013). "Rand Paul endorses Mitch McConnell in 2014 Senate race, won’t back tea party challenge". The Daily Caller. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  111. ^ Trinko, Katrina (July 31, 2014). "From Rand to Mitch". National Review. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  112. ^ Arkin, James (July 19, 2013). "Rand Paul: No government bailout for Detroit". Politico. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  113. ^ Clary, Greg (September 1, 2013). "Rand Paul: U.S. involvement in Syria a 'mistake'". CNN. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  114. ^ Blake, Aaron (September 13, 2013). "Rand Paul: Opposition to military action led to Syria diplomacy". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  115. ^ Carroll, James R. (October 28, 2013). "Sen. Rand Paul warns science could be used to alter gene pool". The Courier-Journal (Louisville, KY). Retrieved October 28, 2013. 
  116. ^ Yarvitz, Michael (October 29, 2013). "The Rand Paul plagiarism read-along!". The Rachel Maddow Show (MSNBC). 
  117. ^ Contorno, Steve; Kliegman, Julie (November 1, 2013). "Rachel Maddow says Rand Paul's 'Gattaca' speech 'was totally ripped off of Wikipedia'". PolitiFact (Tampa Bay Times). 
  118. ^ Miller, Jake (November 1, 2013). "Critics pounce on Rand Paul's borowed language". CBS News. 
  119. ^ Martin, Jonathan (November 4, 2013). "Senator Rand Paul faces new charges of plagiarism". New York Times. 
  120. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (November 2, 2013). "Three pages of Rand Paul's book were plagiarized from think tanks". BuzzFeed. 
  121. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (November 7, 2013). "More instances of plagiarism in Rand Paul's book". BuzzFeed. 
  122. ^ Kaczynski, Andrew (November 4, 2013). "Sections of Rand Paul's op-ed on drug sentencing plagiarized from article week earlier". BuzzFeed. 
  123. ^ Blake, Aaron (November 6, 2013). "After plagiarism allegations, Rand Paul's Washington Times column nixed". Washington Post. 
  124. ^ Rutenberg, Jim; Parker, Ashley (November 5, 2013). "After Plagiarism Charges, Paul Announces Office Restructuring". The New York Times. Retrieved November 5, 2013. 
  125. ^ Costa, Robert (February 25, 2014). "Rand Paul: GOP shouldn't 'tweak' Russia over Ukraine". Washington Post. 
  126. ^ Lally, Kathy; Englund, Will; Booth, William (March 1, 2014). "Russian parliament approves use of troops in Ukraine". Washington Post. 
  127. ^ Higgins, Andrew; Myers, Steven Lee (February 26, 2014). "Putin orders drills in Crimea, clash shows region's divide". New York Times. 
  128. ^ Hook, Janet; O'Connor, Patrick (March 5, 2014). "GOP hawks are on the rise". Wall Street Journal. 
  129. ^ a b Paul, Rand (March 9, 2014). "U.S. must take strong action against Putin's aggression". TIME. 
  130. ^ Bade, Rachael (March 2, 2014). "Rand Paul in cross hairs of tax evasion war". Politico. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  131. ^ Everett, Burgess. "Rand Paul: Fire Brennan". www.politico.com. Politico. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  132. ^ Romeyn-Sanabria, Marjorie (24 October 2014). "Rand Paul’s ‘Conservative Realism’ Is Encouraging, But It Lacks A Diplomatic Vision". Daily Caller. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  133. ^ Weigel, Dave. "Rand Paul Battles Marco Rubio Over Cuba Policy". Bloomberg. Retrieved Dec 19, 2014. 
  134. ^ Weinger, Mackenzie (January 28, 2013). "Rand Paul: GOP must 'evolve and adapt'". Politico. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  135. ^ "Tea party State of the Union 2013 rebuttal: Rand Paul response (full text)". Politico. February 13, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  136. ^ "Rand Paul: 'Big Government's Not A Friend To Those Who Are Trying To Get Ahead'". All Things Considered (NPR). February 14, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  137. ^ Romano, Lois (March 14, 2013). "CPAC 2013: Marco Rubio, Rand Paul fight for the future of the GOP". Politico. Retrieved March 14, 2013. 
  138. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (March 16, 2013). "Rand Paul wins CPAC straw poll; Rubio close second". NBC News. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  139. ^ Hamby, Peter (April 29, 2013). "Paul laying 2016 groundwork in South Carolina". CNN. Retrieved April 29, 2013. 
  140. ^ Fogel, Ben (April 22, 2013). "Rand Paul wins PLC Presidential Straw Poll". PoliticsPA. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  141. ^ "Sen. Rand Paul Wins Tennessee Presidential Straw Poll". The Liberty Paper. April 22, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  142. ^ Rowland, Kara (April 17, 2013). "Rand Paul says he's considering a 2016 presidential bid". Fox News Channel. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  143. ^ a b McLaughlin, Seth (March 7, 2014). "Rand Paul urges conservatives to fight with him for liberty". Washington Times. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  144. ^ Kirell, Andrew. "Rand Paul’s Starkly Libertarian CPAC Speech: We Must Defend the Rights of All". Mediaite, LLC. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  145. ^ "Rand Paul Showed Why The Conservative Base Loves Him Today". Business Insider. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  146. ^ "Rand Paul boldly proclaims libertarian views at CPAC". Washington Examiner. March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  147. ^ Lowery, Wesley (March 8, 2014). "2014 CPAC: Rand Paul wins second consecutive CPAC straw poll". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  148. ^ "Rand Paul still on top, and other takeaways from CPAC 2014". CBS News. March 8, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  149. ^ "Sen. Rand Paul convincingly wins CPAC presidential straw poll". CNN. Retrieved March 14, 2014. 
  150. ^ "Ted Cruz and Rand Paul are the big draws at the Freedom Summit". Washington Post. 
  151. ^ "Freedom Summit draws GOP hopefuls to N.H.". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  152. ^ "Obamacare' under attack as conservatives eye 2016". Associated Press. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  153. ^ "Sen. Rand Paul Says Jeb Bush Was Wrong To Defend Undocumented Immigrants". Fox News. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  154. ^ "Rand Paul Says Conservatives Need a Bold Message". Associated Press. Retrieved 19 April 2014. 
  155. ^ Jennifer Epstein (April 19, 2011). "Rand Paul files for reelection race five years away". Politico. 
  156. ^ Manu Raju. "Rand Paul, Marco Rubio face 2016 bind". POLITICO. 
  157. ^ Berman, Matt (April 2, 2014). "Marco Rubio Won't Run for Senate in 2016 if He Runs for President". National Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  158. ^ Youngman, Sam (18 March 2014). "Kentucky Senate passes bill to let Rand Paul run for re-election and president in 2016". www.kentucky.com (Kentucky.com). Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  159. ^ Silverleib, Alan (17 April 2014). "Dead for now: Kentucky bill allowing twin Paul 2016 runs". www.cnn.com (CNN). Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  160. ^ "The Obscure Kentucky Contests That Could Alter Rand Paul's 2016 Plans". National Journal. August 14, 2014. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  161. ^ "Will Rand Paul Have to Risk His Senate Seat for the Presidency?". Reason.com. September 2, 2014. Retrieved October 27, 2014. 
  162. ^ "Democrats maintain control of Kentucky House of Representatives". Lexington Herald-Leader. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  163. ^ "Democrats hold Kentucky House, a minor blow to Rand Paul’s presidential hopes". The Washington Post. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  164. ^ "Kentucky looks at primary change that would help Rand Paul". Politico. November 5, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  165. ^ Fineman, Howard (July 12, 2013). "Rand Paul Torn Between Tea Party Fire, White House Dreams". Huffington Post. 
  166. ^ "Tea party State of the Union 2013 rebuttal: Rand Paul response (full text, video)". Politico. February 12, 2013. 
  167. ^ Solomon, Deborah (March 29, 2010). "Questions for Rand Paul – Tea Time Interview". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2010. 
  168. ^ Stewart, Martina (May 4, 2010). "'I'm very serious about running', Ron Paul's son says". CNN. Retrieved November 15, 2010. Like his father, the son also favors notions of limited government. "Libertarian would be a good description," Rand Paul told CNN, "because libertarians believe in freedom in all aspects of your life – your economic life as well as your social life as well as your personal life." 
  169. ^ a b Newton-Small, Jay (March 17, 2010). "Is Rand Paul Good or Bad for Republicans?". Time. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
  170. ^ Sahadi, Jeanne (31 March 2014). "Rand Paul's hopes for a flat tax". cnn.com (CNN). Retrieved 16 April 2014. 
  171. ^ Ward, Jon (April 1, 2013). "Rand Paul Supports Some Military Bases On Foreign Soil, A Big Difference From His Dad". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 20, 2013. 
  172. ^ BENNETT, JOHN T. (8 July 2014). "Sen. Rand Paul: Warnings of ISIL Threat to US 'Conjecture'". www.defensenews.com (Gannett Government Media). Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  173. ^ Miller, Jake (June 22, 2014). "Rand Paul: Blame Dick Cheney for Iraq violence, not Obama". www.cbsnews.com (CBS News). Retrieved 6 July 2014. 
  174. ^ Perry, Rick (11 July 2014). "Isolationist policies make the threat of terrorism even greater". washingtonpost.com (The Washington Post). Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  175. ^ BENNETT, JOHN T. (11 July 2014). "GOP's Paul Doubles Down on Isolationism". www.defensenews.com (Gannett Government Media). Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  176. ^ Akinyemi, Aaron (22 June 2014). "Republican Senator Rand Paul Accuses US of Arming Isis Terrorists". International Business Times. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  177. ^ Sarlin, Benjy (19 September 2014). "Rand Paul’s hawkish turn breeds unease at libertarian conference". www.msnbc.com (MSNBC). Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  178. ^ Rogers, Alex (10 September 2014). "Rand Paul Calls Obama’s ISIS Plan ‘Unconstitutional’ But he does support the intervention". time.com (Time). Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  179. ^ Paul, Rand (23 October 2014). "Rand Paul: The Case for Conservative Realism". nationalinterest.org (The National Interest). Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  180. ^ "Sanctity of Life". Rand Paul. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  181. ^ Viebeck, Elise (March 15, 2013). "Rand Paul floats fetal rights bill". The Hill. 
  182. ^ Kasperowicz, Pete (June 26, 2012). "Reid vows to block vote on Paul's 'life at conception' amendment to flood bill". The Hill. 
  183. ^ Lynch, Rene (May 12, 2012). "Sen. Rand Paul: Didn't think Obama's view 'could get any gayer'". Los Angeles Times. 
  184. ^ Urbina, Ian (November 25, 2009). "In Kentucky, a Senate candidate with a pedigree for agitation". New York Times. 
  185. ^ "Ron Paul's son borrows tactics for Senate bid in Kentucky". Evansville Courier & Press (Evansville, IN). Associated Press. November 11, 2009. 
  186. ^ Abad-Santos, Alexander (March 20, 2013). "Rand Paul isn't 100% pro life anymore". The Atlantic Wire. 
  187. ^ In Kentucky, a Senate Candidate With a Pedigree for Agitation
  188. ^ Wallace, Chris (March 24, 2013). "Sen. Rand Paul on top congressional issues; pivotal moment in the battle over gay marriage". Fox News Channel. Retrieved July 13, 2013. 
  189. ^ Paul, Rand (August 16, 2013). "PAUL: The madness of mandatory minimums". The Washington Times. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  190. ^ Graves, Lucia (July 25, 2014). "Rand Paul's Quiet Weed Overture". The National Journal. 
  191. ^ Cassady, Pam (October 30, 2007). "Local tie to Paul – RHS grad a daughter-in-law to Republican president hopeful". News-Democrat & Leader. p. A-1. 
  192. ^ Langley, Monica (April 23, 2013). "Rand Paul Tries to Transform a Moment Into a Movement". The Wall Street Journal. p. A1. Retrieved April 28, 2013. During gatherings in Kentucky and Washington, Sen. Paul didn't schmooze, instead sticking to a serious tone in talks about government abuse and issues before Congress. Occasionally, he has trouble hearing questions; he wears hearing aids in both ears. 

External links

Further reading
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jim Bunning
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Kentucky
(Class 3)

Most recent
United States Senate
Preceded by
Jim Bunning
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Kentucky
Served alongside: Mitch McConnell
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Ron Johnson
United States Senators by seniority
Succeeded by
Richard Blumenthal