|Location||East River, New York County, New York, USA|
|Area||2.2 km2 (0.85 sq mi)|
|City||New York City|
|Population||1,386 (as of 2000)|
|Density||630 /km2 (1,630 /sq mi)|
Randall's Island is situated in the East River in New York City, part of the borough of Manhattan. It is separated from Manhattan island on the west by the river's main channel, from Queens on the east by the Hell Gate, and from the Bronx on the north by the Bronx Kill. It is joined to Wards Island on the south by a landfill, the site of former Little Hell Gate. Together, the two islands form New York County's Census Tract 240, which had a total population of 1,386 living on 2.2 km² of land area, according to the United States Census, 2000.
Native Americans called the island Minnahanonck. It was purchased from the Indians in 1637 by Dutch Governor Wouter Van Twiller and used for farming. John Montresor, an engineer with the British army, purchased the island in 1772. He lived on it, now renamed Montresor's Island, with his wife until the Revolutionary War forced him to deploy. The British used his island to launch amphibious attacks on Manhattan, and Montresor's house there was burned in 1777. He resigned his commission and returned to England in 1778, but retained ownership of the island until the British evacuated the city in 1783 and it was confiscated. It was purchased by Jonathan Randle (or Randall) in 1784, at which time it acquired its familiar name, if with different spelling. His heirs sold it to the city in 1835 for $60,000.
In the 19th century, Randall's Island became home to an orphanage, poor house, burial ground for the poor, idiot asylum, homeopathic hospital and rest home for Civil War veterans. It was also site of the New York House of Refuge, a reform school completed in 1854 for juvenile delinquents or juveniles adjudicated as vagrants.
Randall's Island Park Alliance 
Randall's Island Sports Foundation (RISF) was founded in 1992 as a public-private partnership to work on behalf of Randall's Island Park. The name was changed to the Randall's Island Park Alliance in 2012 to reflect the variety of initiatives taken by the organization. The Randall’s Island Park Alliance (RIPA) works with the City and local communities to provide an innovative and exciting destination through a wide range of sports venues, cultural events and environmental exploration. As the dedicated steward of Randall’s Island Park, the Alliance sustains, maintains, develops and programs the Park to support the wellbeing of all New Yorkers.
RIPA's signature facility on Randall's Island, Icahn Stadium, was opened on April 23, 2005. The Stadium, a world-class track & field facility, is capable of hosting local, regional and national events.
In May 2010, RIPA and the NYC Department of Parks and Recreation completed the construction of over 60 athletic fields to support a greater variety of sports, including football, lacrosse, field hockey, and rugby amongst the sports already played at the Park, soccer, baseball and softball. The project increased the number of athletic fields available to New Yorkers. Randall's Island Park has the most athletic fields of any New York City park.
RIPA also runs its free Randall's Island Kids (RIK) youth programs at the Park. Working with over 120 local public schools and community-based organizations in East Harlem and the South Bronx, RIK brings thousands of children to the Park each year for a range of free sports and environmental education activities year- round. In addition, RIPA hosts RIK CAMP, a free six-week long summer camp that also brings thousands children from the neighboring communities to the Park every summer. The increase in field availability will allow more public use of the Island and provide for expansion of RIK program.
As part of the improvements on the Island, two natural environments, a salt marsh and a freshwater wetland, have been established. Through the process of excavating over 20,000 cubic yards (15,000 m3) of debris, installing clean sand, and planting native marsh grasses, 4 acres (16,000 m2) of salt marsh has been created surrounding the Little Hell Gate Inlet on the western edge of the Island. Just across from the salt marsh, 4 acres (16,000 m2) of freshwater wetlands were also restored. After the removal of almost 15,000 cubic yards (11,000 m3) of debris and fill, the freshwater wetland site was planted with native herbaceous, shrub, and tree species, such as switchgrass, aster, dogwood, and oak. In addition, the restoration projects play a crucial role in an innovative Park-wide filtration system that collects storm water from the adjacent sports fields, pathways and paved areas and channels it through the Wetlands, where the new plants naturally filter pollutants before reaching the East River and the Long Island Sound.
A newly renovated Randall's Island Golf Center opened in 2008. The new 25-acre (100,000 m2) $500,000 renovation will have a two-tier indoor/outdoor, 82-stall driving range, 320 yards (290 m) of landing area, a 36-hole mini-golf course, grass tees, a short game area with sand bunker, PGA instructors, and 9 batting cages.
The new Sportime Randall's Island Tennis Center opened in July, 2009. It features 20 courts, 10 har-tru and 10 rubberized hard (5 indoor), along with a cafe, pro shop, fitness facilities and locker rooms. From May–October, 10 courts are reserved for NYC Parks Tennis Permit holders during the daylight hours. In the winter, all 15 outdoor courts are bubbled for use by club members. The Tennis Center is also the home to the New York Sportimes of World TeamTennis and the John McEnroe Tennis Academy.
Programming at Randall's Island includes visits by Cirque du Soleil, a summer concert series (which has consisted of concerts such as Electric Zoo Festival, Dave Matthews Band and Governors Ball), and art exhibits (such as The Frieze Art Fair, and FLOW.11 & FLOW.12), as well as wetland, nature and gardening programs conducted by RIPA. Additional programming includes Run the River 5K, which takes place each October.
On May 31, 2008, Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt broke the world record for the men's 100-meter dash at the Fourth Annual Reebok Grand Prix with a "lightning" speed time of 9.72 seconds. Bolt's win brought the packed house of over 6,000 people to their feet.
The island has almost 5 miles of waterfront pathways and a greenway under the Amtrak Hell Gate Viaduct is almost completed and the hope is that by 2013 a connection to the South Bronx Greenway shall be complete, which shall additional waterfront pathway sections, a naturalized "living shoreline," and further environmental restoration.
RIPA's mission is being carried out through a calibrated balance of individual, corporate and foundation philanthropy and public funding, alongside private investment in facilities planned to generate much-needed revenue toward Park maintenance.
Renewable Energy Park 
The NYC Department of Parks & Recreation approved a $1 million contract with Natural Currents Energy Services to build a hybrid renewable energy park. The park will combine solar, wind, and tidal energy and is expected to produce 200 kW of energy to power the island's facilities. The project will include a solar-powered marine research and information kiosk open to visitors of the island, expected to be completed in September 2012.
Robert F. Kennedy Bridge 
The Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (formerly the Triboro) complex, whose hub is located on the island, provides vehicular and pedestrian access from the boroughs of Manhattan, Queens, and the Bronx. The railroad viaduct approach to the Hell Gate Bridge passes overhead. The Wards Island Bridge leads to Manhattan. The island is home to the New York City Fire Department's training academy, an NYC DEP Wastewater Treatment Plant, homeless shelters, the Manhattan Psychiatric Center and other public facilities. However, the majority of the island is city parkland.
See also 
- "Randall's Island Park". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
-  U.S. Census Bureau
- Brick, Michael (April 24, 2005). "Children Celebrate Opening of Stadium". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- Longman, Jeré (June 1, 2008). "Jamaican Sets World Record in 100 Meters at 9.72". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-27.
- NYC Economic Development Corp South Bronx Greenway
- Solar, Wind and Tidal Energy to Power Randall's Island DNAInfo.com