Randolph County, Alabama

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Randolph County, Alabama
Randolph County Alabama Courthouse.JPG
County courthouse in Wedowee
Seal of Randolph County, Alabama
Seal
Map of Alabama highlighting Randolph County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832[1]
Named for John Randolph of Roanoke
Seat Wedowee
Largest city Roanoke
Area
 • Total 584.11 sq mi (1,513 km2)
 • Land 581.05 sq mi (1,505 km2)
 • Water 3.06 sq mi (8 km2), 0.52%
Population
 • (2010) 22,913
 • Density 39/sq mi (15.2/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website randolphcountyalabama.gov

Randolph County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] Its name is in honor of John Randolph, a member of the United States Senate from Virginia.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,913.[2] Its county seat is Wedowee.[1] Randolph County was a prohibition or dry county until 2012 when the citizens of Randolph County voted to repeal prohibition.

History[edit]

Randolph County was established by the Alabama Legislature on December 18, 1832,[1] and named in honor of John Randolph, a well known Virginia congressman. Randolph County was one of several counties created out of the last Creek cession formulated by the Treaty of Cusseta, on March 24, 1832. It lies within the Piedmont region, which extends from Alabama to Pennsylvania.[1]

The first county seat for Randolph County was established in 1833 at Hedgeman Triplett's Ferry on the west bank of the Big Tallapoosa River, about 10 miles (16 km) west of Wedowee.[1] In 1835 (2 years later), the county seat was moved by the commissioners to nearby Wedowee. Wedowee lies in the center of Randolph County, on a fork of the Little Tallapoosa River. Wedowee was named after a tribal chief "Wah-wah-nee" (or "Wah-dow-wee") whose village stood near the present site of the town.[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 584.11 square miles (1,512.8 km2), of which 581.05 square miles (1,504.9 km2) (or 99.48%) is land and 3.06 square miles (7.9 km2) (or 0.52%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Rail[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 4,973
1850 11,581 132.9%
1860 20,059 73.2%
1870 12,006 −40.1%
1880 16,575 38.1%
1890 17,219 3.9%
1900 21,647 25.7%
1910 24,659 13.9%
1920 27,064 9.8%
1930 26,861 −0.8%
1940 25,516 −5.0%
1950 22,513 −11.8%
1960 19,477 −13.5%
1970 18,331 −5.9%
1980 20,075 9.5%
1990 19,881 −1.0%
2000 22,380 12.6%
2010 22,913 2.4%
Est. 2012 22,675 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 22,380 people, 8,642 households, and 6,222 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 10,285 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.38% White, 22.24% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.34% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,642 households, out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 56.20% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. Nearly 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52, and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,675, and the median income for a family was $34,684. Males had a median income of $27,069 versus $20,323 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,147. About 12.60% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Randolph County is home to Lake Wedowee, a section of the Tallapoosa River.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "ACES Randolph County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Randolph.
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°17′21″N 85°27′37″W / 33.28917°N 85.46028°W / 33.28917; -85.46028