Randolph County, Georgia

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Randolph County, Georgia
Randolph County, GA.JPG
The Randolph County Courthouse in Cuthbert has been placed on the Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation's list of "Places in Peril" for 2012 due to extensive termite damage and general disrepair.
Map of Georgia highlighting Randolph County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 20, 1828
Named for John Randolph of Roanoke
Seat Cuthbert
Largest city Cuthbert
Area
 • Total 431 sq mi (1,116 km2)
 • Land 428 sq mi (1,109 km2)
 • Water 2.6 sq mi (7 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 7,719
 • Density 18/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website randolph.southwest-ga.com

Randolph County is a county located in the US state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,719.[1] The county seat is Cuthbert.[2]

History[edit]

Randolph County was created on December 20, 1828, and named after the Virginia planter and politician, John Randolph.

Jasper County was originally named for Randolph but, because of his opposition to U.S. entry into the War of 1812, the Georgia General Assembly changed its name in December 10, 1812. Eventually, John Randolph's reputation was restored, and in 1828, the General Assembly created the current Randolph County in the west of the state.[3]

Lumpkin, Georgia was the original county seat. It was within the portion of Randolph that was taken to form Stewart County, and Lumpkin was designated as its county seat.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 431 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 428 square miles (1,110 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,191
1840 8,276 277.7%
1850 12,868 55.5%
1860 9,571 −25.6%
1870 10,561 10.3%
1880 13,341 26.3%
1890 15,267 14.4%
1900 16,847 10.3%
1910 18,841 11.8%
1920 16,721 −11.3%
1930 17,174 2.7%
1940 16,609 −3.3%
1950 13,804 −16.9%
1960 11,078 −19.7%
1970 8,734 −21.2%
1980 9,599 9.9%
1990 8,023 −16.4%
2000 7,791 −2.9%
2010 7,719 −0.9%
Est. 2013 7,197 −6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,719 people residing in the county. 61.8% were Black or African American, 36.6% White, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% of some other race and 0.8% of two or more races. 1.5% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 7,791 people, 2,909 households, and 1,972 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 3,402 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 38.94% White, 59.47% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.44% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,909 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.90% were married couples living together, 22.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.30% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 85.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,004, and the median income for a family was $30,278. Males had a median income of $27,033 versus $20,394 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,809. About 22.00% of families and 27.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.20% of those under age 18 and 31.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ GeorgiaInfo.com – Georgia Counties in Order of Creation
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 31°46′N 84°46′W / 31.76°N 84.76°W / 31.76; -84.76