Randolph Rogers (July 6, 1825, Waterloo, New York – January 15, 1892, Rome, Italy) was an American Neoclassical sculptor. An expatriate who lived most of his life in Italy, his works ranged from popular subjects to major commissions, including the Columbus Doors at the U.S. Capitol and American Civil War monuments.
Born in Waterloo, New York, he spent most of his childhood in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He developed an interest in wood cuts and wood engraving, and moved to New York City about 1847, but was unsuccessful in finding employment as an engraver. While working as a clerk in a dry-goods store, his employers discovered his native talent as a sculptor and provided funds for him to travel to Italy. He began study in Florence in 1848, where he studied briefly under Lorenzo Bartolini. He then opened a studio in Rome in 1851. He resided in that city until his death in 1892.
He began his career carving statues of children and portrait busts of tourists. He was not happy working with marble consequently all his marble statues were copied in his studio by Italian artisans under his supervision, from an original produced by him in another material. This also enabled him to profit from his popular works. His first large-scale work was Ruth Gleaning (1853), based on a figure in the Old Testament. It proved extremely popular, and up to 20 marble replicas were produced by his studio. His next large-scale work was Nydia, the Blind Flower Girl of Pompeii (1853–54), based on a character in Edward Bulwer-Lytton's best-selling novel, The Last Days of Pompeii. It proved even more popular, and his studio produced at least 77 marble replicas.
In 1855 he received his first major commission in the United States: great bronze doors for the East Front of the United States Capitol. He chose to depict scenes from the life of Christopher Columbus. The Columbus Doors were modeled in Rome, cast in Munich, and installed in Washington, DC in 1871.
In 1856, he completed the statue of President John Adams originally for the cemetery of Mount Auburn in Boston, Massachusetts.
He designed four major American Civil War monuments: the Soldiers' National Monument (1865–69) at Gettysburg National Cemetery; the Rhode Island Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1866–71) in Providence; the Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1867–72) in Detroit; and the Soldiers' Monument (1871–74) in Worcester, Massachusetts.
He modeled The Genius of Connecticut (1877–78), a bronze goddess that adorned the dome of the Connecticut State Capitol in Hartford. It was damaged in a 1938 hurricane, removed, and melted down for scrap metal during World War II. A plaster cast of the statue is now exhibited within the building.
Rogers suffered a stroke in 1882, and was never able to work again. He left his papers and plaster casts of his sculptures to the University of Michigan.
- Ruth Gleaning (1853), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
- Nydia, the Blind Flower Girl of Pompeii (1853–54), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
- John Adams (1854–59), Memorial Hall, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- Columbus Doors (1855–61), East Front, United States Capitol, Washington, D.C.
- Thomas Nelson, Meriwether Lewis, 6 allegorical figures (1857–58), Virginia Washington Monument, Virginia State Capitol, Richmond, Virginia.
- Angel of the Resurrection (1862), Samuel Colt Monument, Cedar Hill Cemetery, Hartford, Connecticut.
- Isaac on the Altar (1863–64), Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, New York City 
- La Somnambula (1863–64), Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
- The Sentinel (1863–65), Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio. One of Ohio's first formal Civil War monuments.
- Soldiers' National Monument (1865–69), Gettysburg National Cemetery, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, George Keller, architect.
- Rhode Island Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1866–71), Kennedy Square, Providence, Rhode Island, Alfred Stone, architect.
- Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1867–72), Detroit, Michigan.
- Abraham Lincoln (1870–71), East Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- Soldiers' Monument (1871–74), Worcester, Massachusetts.
- The Lost Pleiade (1874–74), The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Sculpture group of feuding tribes.
- William H. Seward Monument (1875–76), Madison Square, New York City.
- The Genius of Connecticut (1877–78), Connecticut State Capitol, Hartford, Connecticut.
- The Last Arrow (statuette) (1879–80), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
- The Infant Psyche (bust of the artist's daughter Nora) (c. 1880), Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Ruth Gleaning (1853), Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.
The Sentinel (1864-65), Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1867-72), Detroit, Michigan.
Abraham Lincoln (1870-71), East Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Soldiers' Monument (1871-74), Worcester, Massachusetts.
The Lost Pleiad (1873-74), Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, New York City.
William H. Seward Monument (1875-76), Madison Square, New York City.
The Genius of Connecticut (1877-78), Connecticut State Capitol, Hartford, Connecticut. Painted plaster cast, the original bronze statue was damaged and destroyed.
"Labor" from Soldiers' National Monument
- Berkshire Museum, Massachusetts
- Lauren Keach Lessing, "Presiding Divinities: Ideal Sculpture in Nineteenth-Century American Domestic Interiors," Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 2006.
- "Randolph Rogers," Susan James-Gadzinski & Mary Mullen Cunningham, American Sculpture in the Museum of American Art of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA, 1997), pp. 58–61.
- Millard F. Rogers, Jr. Randolph Rogers: American Sculptor in Rome. University of Massachusetts Press. 1971. ISBN: 9780870230875.
- Marc Tarrozzi, Randolph Rogers and the Rhode Island Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument (1989).
- Dizionario degli Artisti Italiani Viventi: pittori, scultori, e Architetti., by Angelo de Gubernatis. Tipe dei Successori Le Monnier, 1889, page 423.
- James-Gadzinski & Cunningham, pp. 58-61.
- Columbus Doors from Architect of the Capitol Webpage.
- De Gubernatis, page 423
- Ruth Gleaning
- John Adams from Harvard University
- Virginia Washington Monument
- Colt Monument
- Isaac on the Altar from Brooklyn Museum.
- La Somnombula
- The Sentinel
- Campen, Richard N., Outdoor Sculpture in Ohio: A Comprehensive Overview of Outdoor Sculpture in Ohio, Mid-Nineteenth Century to the Present, West Summit Press, Chagrin Falls, Ohio, 1980.
- Soldiers' National Monument
- Rhode Island Monument from Rootsweb.
- Michigan Monument
- Carolyn Damstra (Sept. - Oct. 1999). Randolph RogersMichigan History Magazine
- Worcester Soldiers' Monument
- Seward Monument
- The Last Arrow from MMA.
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