Randwick, New South Wales

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Randwick
SydneyNew South Wales
Randwick Town Hall, Avoca Street.JPG
Randwick Town Hall, Avoca Street
Population 25,817 (2006)[1]
Postcode(s) 2031
Location 6 km (4 mi) south-east of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Randwick
State electorate(s) Coogee, Maroubra
Federal Division(s) Kingsford Smith, Wentworth
Suburbs around Randwick:
Centennial Park Queens Park Waverley
Kensington Randwick Coogee
Kingsford Maroubra South Coogee

Randwick is a suburb in south-eastern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Randwick is located 6 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of the City of Randwick. Randwick is part of the Eastern Suburbs region. The postcode is 2031.[2]

History[edit]

Randwick was named after the village of Randwick in Gloucestershire, England, birthplace of Simeon Henry Pearce, who became Mayor of Randwick no less than six times.[3] Simeon and his brother James, who migrated to Australia in 1842, were responsible for the early development of Randwick and Coogee. Simeon lived in a house called Blenheim, which can still be seen in Blenheim Street. It was neglected for some time but was eventually acquired by Randwick Council and then restored.

St Jude's Church, Avoca Street

Proclaimed as a Municipality in February 1859, as a City in 1990 Randwick has a rich history and great natural beauty including a number of fine, heritage buildings. Another Mayor of Randwick, George Kiss, built the house known as Ventnor in the 1870s.[4] A two-storey sandstone house, Ventnor is situated on Avoca Street, overlooking Coogee. It is now owned by the nearby Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Church (built 1888). Other buildings of note include the St Jude's Church group, also on Avoca Street. Originally designed by Edmund Blacket,[5] (who also designed St. Andrew's Cathedral, Sydney and the University of Sydney), the church was completed in 1865. It was modified by H.M. Robinson in 1889. The rectory next door was built in 1870. The Verger's Residence, designed by Thomas Rowe[6] and completed in 1862, was the original Randwick Burough Chambers. This distinctive building, with its Gothic touches, was followed by the present Randwick Town Hall, which was built in 1886. The church group and Ventnor are listed on the Register of the National Estate.

Further down Avoca Street is the sandstone building originally known as the Star and Garter Inn, built in the 1830s. It was the home of Captain J. Watson,[7] who was responsible for the memorial to Captain James Cook, which still stands at front of the building. One of the dominant features of the area is the Prince of Wales Hospital, which started life as a home for destitute children.[8] It was financed by the legacy of Dr. Cuthill, who now has Cuthill Street named after him. In 1915 the home became a military hospital and continued to grow as a medical facility.

Other noteworthy buildings include private homes like Ilfracombe, Clovelly and Torquay, in Avoca Street, and Venice, in Frenchmans Road. The latter was built 1884-84 on part of St Mark's Glebe. The land had been leased in 1880 for 99 years to S.Holmes and J.Parsons. The house features Tudor and Gothic elements and has stained glass windows. It has been described as a "comparatively rare and distinctive example of late Victorian Gothic architecture retaining most of its detailing intact."[9] It has a New South Wales heritage listing.

Superintendent's Cottage, Prince of Wales Hospital

Another notable home was Sandgate, located in Belmore Road. This sandstone house was built circa 1870 on land granted to Simeon Pierce in 1853. It was bought by the Federal Government in the 1920s; it was then used as a Red Cross facility for First World War veterans. It was saved from demolition in 1978 and restored by Randwick Council.

The last Gothic mansion left in Randwick is Nugal Hall, located in Milford Street. It was designed by Mortimer Lewis and the southern portion of the house was built in 1853 for Alexander McArthur, a shipping merchant. The house features a staircase with glass dome above; the staircase was built of Mauritius mahogany and cedar. The coach house building at the front was originally a lodge for horse-drawn vehicles. The northern portion of the house was completed by Dr Fred Tidswell who owned the Coogee Bay Hotel. The architect of the northern portion is thought to have been Mortimer Lewis's son, Oswald. The Tidswell family owned the house from c.1880-1903.[10] Frederick Squire Tidswell (1831-1898) and his wife Mary Ann (1836-1912) had nine children including the microbiologist Dr Frank Tidswell (1867-1941) and architect Thomas Tidswell (1870-1950).[11]

Heritage[edit]

The following items are on the Register of the National Estate:[12]

Randwick Lodge, Avoca Stree
Tayar, The Avenue
  • Essex, Cuthill Street
  • House, 11 Cuthill Street
  • Centennial Park
  • Avonmore Terrace, The Avenue
  • St Jude's Church and Rectory, Avoca Street
  • Original Randwick Borough Chambers, Avoca Street
  • Newmarket House and The Big Stable, Barker and Young Streets
  • The Park, Avoca and Cuthill Streets
  • Prince of Wales Hospital Group, Avoca and High Streets
  • Randwick Lodge, 211 Avoca Street
  • Captain James Cook Statue, corner Belmore Road and Avoca Street
  • Hannan's Butcher Shop (former Star and Garter Inn), Belmore Road
  • Goldring House and Attached Residence, Avoca Street and Meares Avenue
  • Royal Hotel, Cuthill Street
  • Former Randwick Police Station, Coogee Bay Road
  • Nugal Hall, Milford Street
  • Ventnor, Avoca Street
  • Members' Stand, Randwick Racecourse
  • Busby Bore (Tunnel from Lachlan Swamp to Hyde Park, City)
  • Shaldon, Darley Road, has a state heritage listing[13]
  • Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Church, Avoca Street, has a state heritage listing[14]
  • Tayar, The Avenue, has a state heritage listing[15]
  • Clovelly, Avoca Street, (circa 1906), has a state heritage listing[16]
  • Ilfracrombe, Avoca Street, (circa 1906), has a state heritage listing[17]
  • Torquay, Avoca Street, (circa 1906), has a state heritage listing[18]
  • Venice, Frenchmans Road, has a state heritage listing[19]
  • Hooper Cottage (1847), Gilderthorpe Avenue, has a state heritage listing[20]
  • Rathven (1887), St Marks Road, has a state heritage listing[21]

Commercial area[edit]

Randwick is primarily a residential area. The Randwick Racecourse takes up a large portion in the north-west corner of the suburb. The Prince of Wales Hospital, Royal Hospital for Women, Prince Henry Hospital and Sydney Children's Hospital are all located in Randwick. Randwick District Rugby Union Football Club play nearby at Coogee Oval.

The main commercial area is centred on Belmore Road. A range of retail stores are located at Belmore Road along with two shopping centers (Royal Randwick Shopping Center and Coles Shopping Center) on Belmore Road where have attracted many people living nearby to shopping everyday. Within one kilometer, Coogee is another retail precinct offering good food services while enjoying the great view of the beach. The Spot at the Perouse and St Pauls Road junction also wins good fame for its popular restaurants, cafés and recreational facilities. Randwick's main entertainment district is The Spot, located in the suburb's south-east, which contains the Randwick Ritz cinema[22] and numerous cafes and restaurants.[23]

Churches[edit]

  • Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Catholic Church[24]
  • St Jude's Anglican Church[25]
  • East Sydney Community Christian Church,[26]
  • Randwick Presbyterian Church,[27]
  • Canvas Church[28]
  • Rhema Church of God.[29]

Sport and recreation[edit]

Randwick Racecourse on Derby Day

Just 6 kilometres east of Sydney’s CBD, the City of Randwick, also known as the ‘Sports Coast’ is home to some 29 km of coastline, 10 beaches and bays and many major recreation facilities. Randwick City is one of the most visited tourist areas outside central Sydney, attracting some 13 million visits each year. The City is home to the Coastal Walkway, Randwick Racecourse, Coogee and Maroubra Beaches, Botany Bay National Park, Centennial Park, several top class golf courses and major institutions including the University of New South Wales and the Prince of Wales Hospitals.

A number of well-known sporting teams represent the local area. One of them is the well known NRL club named the South Sydney Rabbitohs. The local Randwick DRUFC rugby union team, nicknamed the 'Galloping Greens', is based in Coogee. Local derby contests between these two neighbouring teams are always fiercely contested. Junior rugby league teams include the Coogee Dolphins and Coogee Randwick Wombats. The local cricket team Randwick Petersham Cricket Club plays in the Sydney Grade Cricket domestic competition.

The former Randwick Post Office building in the centre of Randwick Junction (corner of Alison Road and Avoca Street) is known as Easts House. The building is owned by the Sydney Roosters (Eastern Suburbs Rugby League Club), which has donated the building for use by the Ted Noffs Foundation, for the purpose of providing assistance to troubled youth in the district.

Schools[edit]

Rainbow Street Public School

Primary schools in the area include Our Lady Of The Sacred Heart,[30] Coogee Public School,[31] Claremont College,[32] Randwick Public School,[33] Coogee Preparatory School,[34] The Joseph Varga School [35] and Rainbow Street Primary.[36] Secondary schools include two systemic Catholic schools, Brigidine College and Marcellin College,[37] a Jewish day school Emanuel School [38] and three state schools, Randwick Boys High School,[39] Randwick Girls' High School,[40] and the Open High School.[41] Randwick North High School was closed in 2001 and the site was divided between Open High School and Randwick Public School.

There are branch campuses of the University of New South Wales and Sydney Institute of TAFE located in the area.[42]

Transport[edit]

Randwick is currently only served by buses. The main bus corridor is Belmore Rd with buses to Bondi Junction, Burwood, Campsie, Coogee, Eastgardens, Maroubra, Sydney Airport and Sydney CBD.

On 13 December 2012, the NSW Government announced a commitment to build a $1.6 billion light rail from Circular Quay down George Street to Central Station, then across to Moore Park and down Anzac Parade. South of Moore Park the line will spit into two branches - one of which will head to Randwick via Alison Road.[43] A bus/tram interchange will be established in Randwick and many of the bus routes that currently traverse Anzac Parade to access the city would be replaced by feeder routes connecting to the light rail.[44] In April 2014, Randwick City Council put forward a $68 million funding package in its bid to force significant changes to the state government's tram line from Circular Quay to the eastern suburbs, including Randwick suburb.[45]

Notes[edit]

1. Randwick City Council Website 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. The Heritage of Australia: Macmillan Company of Australia (1981)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Randwick (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 March 2009. 
  2. ^ Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007
  3. ^ Rand
  4. ^ Kiss
  5. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981
  6. ^ Rowe
  7. ^ Wat
  8. ^ Children
  9. ^ State Heritage Website
  10. ^ "Nugal Hall". New South Wales Government Office of Heritage & Environment. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "Frank Tidswell 1867-1941". Mundia. Retrieved 21 May 2012. 
  12. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, pp.2/58-62
  13. ^ State Heritage Register
  14. ^ State Heritage Register
  15. ^ State Heritage Register
  16. ^ State Heritage Register
  17. ^ State Heritage Register
  18. ^ State Heritage Register
  19. ^ State Heritage Register
  20. ^ State Heritage Register
  21. ^ State Heritage Register
  22. ^ Randwick Ritz cinema website
  23. ^ 107 restaurants, cafes and food options in the 2031 post code
  24. ^ Our Lady of the Sacred Heart Parish
  25. ^ St Jude's Anglican Church
  26. ^ East Sydney Community Christian Church
  27. ^ Randwick Presbyterian Church
  28. ^ Canvas Church
  29. ^ Rhema Church of God
  30. ^ http://www.olshrandwick.catholic.edu.au/Pages/Home.aspx
  31. ^ http://coogeepublicschool.com/Main/
  32. ^ http://www.claremont.nsw.edu.au/
  33. ^ http://web2.randwick-p.schools.nsw.edu.au/internet/
  34. ^ http://www.coogeeprep.nsw.edu.au/
  35. ^ http://josephvargaschool.nsw.edu.au/
  36. ^ http://www.rainbowst-p.schools.nsw.edu.au/
  37. ^ Marcellin College
  38. ^ Emanuel School
  39. ^ Randwick Boys High School
  40. ^ Randwick Girls High School
  41. ^ Open High School
  42. ^ Randwick College at TAFE NSW Sydney Institute
  43. ^ "Sydney's Light Rail Future". Transport for New South Wales. 13 December 2012. pp. 15, 24. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  44. ^ "Sydney's Light Rail Future". Transport for New South Wales. 13 December 2012. pp. 13, 16, 17. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  45. ^ "Randwick Council proposes $68m changes to light rail project". The Sydney Morning Herald. 21 April 2014. p. 1. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°54′59″S 151°14′12″E / 33.91643°S 151.23653°E / -33.91643; 151.23653