Randy Schekman

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Professor Randy Schekman
Randy Schekman 8 February 2012.jpg
Schekman in 2012
Born Randy Wayne Schekman
(1948-12-30) December 30, 1948 (age 65)
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Institutions University of California, Berkeley
UCLA
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Stanford University
Alma mater UCLA
Stanford University
Thesis Resolution and Reconstruction of
a multienzyme DNA replication reaction
 (1975)
Doctoral advisor Arthur Kornberg
Doctoral students David Julius[1]
Known for Editor-in-chief of PNAS[2] and eLife[3]
Notable awards Lasker award (2002)
Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (2002)
Massry Prize (2010)
E. B. Wilson Medal (2010)
Foreign Member of the Royal Society
(ForMemRS)
(2013)[4]
Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine
(2013)[5]
Website
mcb.berkeley.edu/labs/schekman
royalsociety.org/people/randy-schekman

Randy Wayne Schekman (born December 30, 1948) is a Nobel Prize-winning American cell biologist at the University of California, Berkeley,[6] and former editor-in-chief of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.[2][7][8] In 2011, he was announced as the editor of eLife, a new high-profile open-access journal published by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Max Planck Society and the Wellcome Trust launching in 2012.[9] He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1992.[10] Schekman shared the 2013 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with James Rothman and Thomas C. Südhof for their ground-breaking work on cell membrane vesicle trafficking.[5][11]

Early life[edit]

Schekman was born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, to Alfred Schekman, an electrical engineer and inventor.[12] He graduated from Western High School in Anaheim, California, in 1966.[13] He received a BA in Molecular Sciences from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), in 1971. He spent his third year at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, as an exchange student.[14][2] He received a PhD in 1975 from Stanford University for research on DNA replication working with Arthur Kornberg.[15] He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1984 and Professor in 1994.

Research[edit]

Since 1991, Schekman has been a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator,[16] Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, at the University of California, Berkeley. The Schekman Lab at that university carries out research into molecular descriptions of the process of membrane assembly and vesicular traffic[17] in eukaryotic cells[18][19] including yeast.[20] Before that, he was a faculty member with the now disbanded Department of Biochemistry at the same university.

Awards[edit]

In 2002, Schekman received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research[21] and Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize of Columbia University along with James Rothman for their discovery of cellular membrane trafficking, a process that cells use to organize their activities and communicate with their environment.[22] He was awarded the Massry Prize from the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, in 2010. Schekman is also a member of the Selection Committee for Life Science and Medicine which chooses winners of the Shaw Prize.

In 2013, he was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society. His nomination read:

Using a brilliantly conceived genetic screen, Schekman isolated sec mutants that accumulate secretory pathway intermediates, he cloned the corresponding genes and he established biochemical reactions that faithfully reproduced specific secretory pathway events. These studies transformed the secretion field, previously descriptive and morphological, into a molecular and mechanistic one. The cell-free reactions that Schekman established led to his isolation of the Sec61 translocation complex, the (COPII) vesicle coat complex, and the first purified inter-organelle transport vesicles. The Sec proteins are strikingly conserved and the trafficking mechanisms that Schekman discovered are at the heart of neurotransmission, hormone secretion, cholesterol homeostasis and metabolic regulation.[4]

Schekman, Thomas C. Südhof, and James Rothman were awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells".[5] Schekman "has already said he will donate his share of the prize money, $400,000, to create an endowment for the Esther and Wendy Schekman Chair in Basic Cancer Biology at UC Berkeley. Schekman’s mother and sister, for whom the post is named, both died of cancer." [23]

Open-access science[edit]

In December 2013, Schekman called for academic journal publishing reform and open access science publication by announcing that his lab at the University of California, Berkeley would no longer submit to the prestigious closed-access journals Nature, Cell and Science, citing their self-serving and deleterious effects on science.[24] He has criticized these journals for artificially restricting the number of publications accepted to drive up demand.[24] In addition, Schekman says the journals accept papers that will be cited often, increasing the prestige of the journal, rather than those which demonstrate important results.[24] Schekman has said the prestige and difficulty of publishing in these journals sometimes cause scientists to cut corners or pursue trends, rather than conduct research on important questions. Schekman is the current editor of eLife, an open access journal and competitor to Nature, Cell, and Science.[24] Papers are accepted into eLife based on review by working scientists, similar to Nature, Cell, and Science.[24] Access to accepted papers is free.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Julius Lab - David Julius". Physio.ucsf.edu. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  2. ^ a b c Zagorski, N. (2008). "Profile of Randy Schekman: Reflections on his first year as PNAS Editor-in-Chief". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105 (8): 2763–2765. doi:10.1073/pnas.0610781105. PMC 2268533. PMID 18287009.  edit
  3. ^ Schekman, R.; Patterson, M. (2013). "Reforming research assessment". ELife 2: e00855. doi:10.7554/eLife.00855. PMC 3656620. PMID 23700504.  edit
  4. ^ a b "Professor Randy Schekman ForMemRS". Royalsociety.org. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  5. ^ a b c Wickner, W. T. (2013). "Profile of Thomas Sudhof, James Rothman, and Randy Schekman, 2013 Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (46): 18349–50. doi:10.1073/pnas.1319309110. PMC 3832004. PMID 24158482.  edit
  6. ^ "Randy Schekman: Howard Hughes Investigator and Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology". Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ Bucci, M. (2006). "Randy Schekman". Nature Chemical Biology 2 (11): 568. doi:10.1038/nchembio1106-568. PMID 17051227.  edit
  8. ^ Zagorski, N. (2006). "QnAs with Randy Schekman". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (50): 18881. doi:10.1073/pnas.0609700103. PMC 1748144. PMID 17148596.  edit
  9. ^ "New journal editor named as Randy Schekman | Wellcome Trust". Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ List of publications from Microsoft Academic Search
  11. ^ Randy Schekman from the Scopus bibliographic database.
  12. ^ St. Paul native lands 2013 Nobel Prize in Medicine
  13. ^ Marroquin, Art (October 19, 2013). "Nobel Prize winner credits high school teacher". Orange County Register. p. Local 7. 
  14. ^ "Randy Schekman, molecular biologist and UCLA alumnus, wins 2013 Nobel Prize". University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  15. ^ Schekman, Randy Wayne (1975). Resolution and Reconstruction of a multienzyme DNA replication reaction (1975) (PhD thesis). Stanford University. 
  16. ^ "HHMI Scientist Abstract: Randy W. Schekman, Ph.D.". Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  17. ^ Schekman, R.; Orci, L. (1996). "Coat Proteins and Vesicle Budding". Science 271 (5255): 1526–1533. doi:10.1126/science.271.5255.1526. PMID 8599108.  edit
  18. ^ "Randy Schekman publications in Google Scholar". Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  19. ^ Deshaies, R. J.; Koch, B. D.; Werner-Washburne, M.; Craig, E. A.; Schekman, R. (1988). "A subfamily of stress proteins facilitates translocation of secretory and mitochondrial precursor polypeptides". Nature 332 (6167): 800–805. doi:10.1038/332800a0. PMID 3282178.  edit
  20. ^ Novick, P.; Field, C.; Schekman, R. (1980). "Identification of 23 complementation groups required for post-translational events in the yeast secretory pathway". Cell 21 (1): 205–215. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(80)90128-2. PMID 6996832.  edit
  21. ^ Malhotra, V.; Emr, S. D. (2002). "Rothman and Schekman SNAREd by Lasker for trafficking". Cell 111 (1): 1–3. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(02)01008-5. PMID 12372293.  edit
  22. ^ "Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize Awardees". Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  23. ^ "US biologist Randy Schekman on being a Nobel Prize winner". Financial Times. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f Sample, Ian (9 December 2013). "Nobel winner declares boycott of top science journals". theguardian.com. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 


Academic offices
Preceded by
Elizabeth Blackburn
ASCB Presidents
1999
Succeeded by
Richard Hynes
Preceded by
Nicholas R. Cozzarelli
PNAS editor-in-chief
2006–2011
Succeeded by
Inder Verma
Preceded by
eLife editor-in-chief
2012–present
Succeeded by