Ranger (yacht)

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Ranger
Scale model of Ranger (ship, 1937).JPG
A model of the Ranger
Career
Yacht Club:  New York Yacht Club
Nation:  United States
America's Cup Year(s): 1937
Class: J class
Designer(s): Starling Burgess, Olin Stephens
Builder: Bath Iron Works
Launched: 11 May 1937
Owner(s): Harold Stirling Vanderbilt
Notable Victories: 1937 America's Cup
Fate: Scrapped c.1940
Specifications
Displacement: 166 tons
Length: 135 ft 2 in (41.20 m) (LOA)[1]
87 ft (27 m) (LWL)
Beam: 20 ft 10 in (6.35 m)
Draft: 15 ft (4.6 m)

Ranger was a J-class racing yacht that successfully defended the 1937 America's Cup, defeating the British challenger Endeavour II 4-0 at Newport, Rhode Island. It was the last time J-class yachts would race for the America's Cup.

Construction[edit]

Harold Stirling Vanderbilt funded construction of Ranger, and she was launched on 11 May 1937. She was designed by Starling Burgess and Olin Stephens, and constructed by Bath Iron Works. Stephens would credit Burgess with actually designing Ranger, but the radical departure from conventional J-class design was more likely attributable[by whom?] to Stephens himself.[opinion] Geerd Hendel, Burgess's chief draftsman, also had a hand in drawing many of the plans.

Ranger was constructed according to the Universal Rule that constrained the various dimensions of racing yachts, such as sail area and length. Often referred to as the "super J",[2] Ranger received a rating of 76, the maximum allowed while still adhering to the Universal Rule.

Ranger was scrapped by 1941[3] or 1946[2] - sources differ.

Comparison of 87–90 feet (27–27 m) America's Cup contenders:[clarification needed]

Year LOA LWL Sail Area Mast height Displacement
Reliance 1903 43.89 m (144.0 ft) 27.43 m (90.0 ft) 1,501 m2 (16,160 sq ft) 67.05 m (220.0 ft) 189 tons
Ranger 1937 41.15 m (135.0 ft) 26.51 m (87.0 ft) 701 m2 (7,550 sq ft) 46.98 m (154.1 ft) 166 tons
KZ1 1988 36.57 m (120.0 ft) 27.43 m (90.0 ft) 627 m2 (6,750 sq ft) 46.78 m (153.5 ft) 39 tons
USA-17 2010 34.5 m (113 ft) 27.43 m (90.0 ft) 1,270 m2 (13,700 sq ft) 68 m (223 ft) 18 tons

Replica[edit]

Ranger at Antigua Classic Yacht Regatta 13 April 2005

Construction of a replica of Ranger was started at Danish Yacht Boatyard (by Royal Denship) in early 2002 and was completed in late December 2003.[4] The original designs were used as the basis for the new boat but were updated to conform to the latest safety regulations and the requirement of the owner to cross oceans in comfort.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "America's Cup Winner A Marvel In Design". Popular Mechanics: 486–487. August 1937. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  2. ^ a b "Classic Boat's History of the J Class". Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  3. ^ "J-Class History: 1938 - 1968 : The War Years and Decline of the Class". Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  4. ^ "Specifications & Photos of Ranger - SYT". Retrieved 2011-10-15. 

External links[edit]