Rangeroceras

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Rangeroceras
Temporal range: L Ordovician (Cassinian)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Nautiloidea
Order: Dissidocerida
Family: Rangeroceratidae
Genus: Rangeroceras
Hook and Flower, 1977

Rangeroceras is an extinct nautiloid cephalopod genus that lived in what is now western North America during the latter part of the Early Ordovician.

Shells of Rangeroceras are smooth, slightly depressed, rod-bearing orthocones with moderately large submarginal siphuncles. The siphuncular rods, which lie along the lower (ventral) side of the siphuncle interiors show thin, slightly undulating, growth lamellae in vertical longitudinal section, a somewhat unique feature. Dorsal annuli only begin to form when the rod has almost filled the entire siphncle toward to apical end. Connecting rings are thin, but layered. Cameral deposits are known from the dorsal side, the ventral side of the type specimen lost from erosion.

Hook and Flower (1977) originally placed Rangeroceras in the Baltoceratidae because of the siphunclular rod and thin connecting rings. Evans (2005) proposed the family Rangeroceratidae for Rangeroceras and a somewhat similar genus Cyclorangeroceras from Great Britain and included them in the Dissidocerida.

Rangeroceras is named for one of the characters, the range ranger, in the Tajar stories by Jane Shaw Ward. For other Tajar story based genera see Tajaroceras, Wardoceras, and Veneficoceras The type, Rangeroceras hintzei came from the Wahwah Limestone in the Ibex area in Western Utah.

References[edit]

  • Stephen C. Hook and Rousseau H. Flower 1977. Late Canadian (Zones J,K) Cephalopod Faunas from Southwestern United States. Memoir 32, New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources.

See also[edit]